Durham & Tyneside Dialect Group / Word Lists / Coxhoe 1916


In 1916 John Salisbury helped create a book Me and Jake, collecting and recording experiences of Durham miners - not work experiences, but religious ones, with an emphasis on forswearing drink. This dialect material "was toned down to make the sketches more readable in the South" - through the agency of "one of the staff of the Durham Chronicle" - it is not stated whether the miners themselves wrote their accounts out or whether John Salisbury or the anonymous reporter did the writing down, nor can we be certain how much the wording is original ("Some liberties have been taken with the composition - in the direction of short sentences") - one would expect the spelling to be editorial. Nonetheless, the text is an interesting record of what was accepted as typical at the time - centring on Coxhoe.

aa - I
aad - old: 'aad memories'
aal - all
aaltigither - altogether
asks - 'they asks us'
axed - asked; axes - asks

belongs - live in: 'Aa belongs Pittington'
bit - piece of: 'this bit paper', 'any little bit thing'
blazer - fire screen
bonny - good: ' a bonny lot of difference'
borsts - bursts
brokken - broken
browt - brought
byuk - book
byuts - boots

caas - because
canna - cannot: 'Aa canna say Aa ken ivory word'
canny - well: 'noo Aa can read quite canny'
clarty - dirty: 'he likes gannen doon the pit best, hard, rough, and clarty as the life is'

dae, de, dee - do
deed - dead: 'fell doon in the strret, deed'
didna - did not: 'Aa didna bother him aboot it'
dinnet - do not: 'we dinnet want te myak ne brag of worsells'
dothery - quaking: 'as shivvery as a dothery duck'
dyeun - done

eftor - after

feaces - faces
forst - first
fower - four
fra - from: 'he cam doon fra the gallery'

galloways - ponies: 'fine galloways and traps'
gan - go: 'Aa'd gan if he'd give us a penny to put in the collection' gannen - going: 'before gannen to fight'
getten - got: 'he had getten convorted'
grand - fit, well: 'he didn't feel ower grand'

hed - had
heed - head: 'Aa shakes ma heed'
hes -has
hev, hae - have
hinging - hanging [intrans]
hinny - friend [of man to man]
hissel - himself
hoo - how
hoose - house
hord - heard: 'Aa hord'
hyem - home: 'in wor little hyems'

ivvorybody - everybody

ken - know: 'Aa kens Harry and Jake'
knaa - know: 'de ye not knaa?'
knaad - known: 'if he had knaad'

larn - teach: 'to larn the children'
leet - light: 'the leet of anithor day'
likeness - photograph
lowse - loose: 'the evil beast that's brokken lowse'

ma - my
mair - more: 'ne mair of that for me!'
mak - make: 'myak ne mistyek'
masel - myself
mind - remember: 'Aa dinnet mind what Aa sed'

nateral - natural
ne - no (adj)
nebody - nobody
neet - night
nivvor - never
noo - now

ony - any
oot - out
ower - over: 'not ower far gone'

pleesure - pleasure pollis - the police

reet - right
rowled - rolled

se - so
skyul - school
slee - sly
strite - straight
syun - soon

t' - the: 't' byuk'
taak - to talk
tak - take
te - to
teld - told
tha - you (nom/acc.sg.)
thee - you [sg]: 'Aa'll tell thee'
thoo - you (sg); 'thoo sees'
thowt - thought [vb]
toon - town: 'low parts of the toon'
torned - turned tyooth - tooth
tyuk - took
tyun with - admired: 'it was se well tyun with...'

us - me

waakin' - walking
wad - would
waked up - woke up
warst - worst
wes - was
whe - who: 'tell us whe they wes'
winnet - will not: 'winnet ye tell us?'
wor - our
worsells - ourselves