Durham & Tyneside Dialect Group / Word Lists /

Northumberland 1880s (R. Oliver Heslop)

R.[Richard] Oliver Heslop's 'Northumberland Words' (2 vols, English Dialect Society, 1893-4) first appeared as a series of articles in the Newcastle Evening Chroniclein the 1880s; when it was republished in book form, the subtitle was added: 'A glossary of words used in the County of Northumberland and on the Tyneside', which leads us to expect a transmission of current usage of the day. In fact, Heslop includes a good percentage of historic material e.g. from Brockett's 'North Country Words', but only occasionally indicates which terms are still in use, or what variants listed are used where. There is also a high proportion of 'temporary words' (?slang) which did not catch on.
As the listing runs to 807 pages, only a selection is presented here: the majority of historical and obsolete terms, terms relating to animals and plants, terms special to trades, terms that are common to Southern popular speech, or only variants of a standard word, and terms that seem transitory forms - are in general omitted here. Entries where Heslop supplies an unattributed quotation - with the implication this is from current popular speech - are in general retained, though often in a somewhat condensed form.

NB #coul, cowl - to scrape together dung, mud, dirt, etc. Heslop N'd 1890s ftaer Brockett: literally

Heslop's designations of place:
N (here Nth Nd) the district north of the River coquet including Redesdale
S (here Sth N'd) south or central Northumberland, including the part of the county south of the river Coquet and lying between that line and the eastern portion of the Tyne valley
T (here Tyne) Tyneside, with Newcastle as its centre, including the valley of the Tyne and both its banks from Wylam to the sea, and a portion of the northern part of Co. Durham
W-T (here Hex) - West Tyne, the district west of Wylam, having Hexham as its centre

Aa, Aw, Ah, I - the pronoun of the first person
aa, a', aall (Sth N'd, Tyne) - all: "it's aa ower"
aa - to owe: "Aa aa nowt"
aabut - almost, all but
aad, awd, aud - old. (Hex: oad)
aad-farrand, aad-farran - precocious, 'old-fashioned'
Aad'un - a familiar name for the devil: "Ye he' the impittence o' the aad'un"
Aa'll - I will
aallgates - in every way: "Aw've sowt for'd aallgates"
aamacks - of all kinds: "aamacks o' things"
aan, awn - own: "me aan fireside"
Aa's, Aw's - I is, I am: I will, I shall
Aa's - I has, I have: "Aa's did it" (Sth N'd)
Aa-warn, Aa-warnd, Aa's-warn - I warrant, I suppose: "Aa-warnd, noo, ye think yorsel' clivvor?"
aback, abacka, abacken - behind, at the back of: "aback o' the hoose"
aback-a-behint - the extreme rear of anything
aback-a-beyont - far away, behind, out of ken
abbut - aye but: "aabut aa'll not let ye"
abeyun (Sth N'd), abyun (Tyne), 'byun - above. (N'd: aboon, aboun)
acas - because: "he wadn't gan acas he wis flaid", "he couldn't run acas on his bad foot"
addle, aidle, eddle - to earn. [note: from Ice. odlask, following Skeat]
afeard - afraid: "Aa was afeared ye wasn't comin"
afoor (Nth N'd), afor (Tyne) - before: "gan on afore"
after-damp - the noxious gas resulting from a colliery explosion: "this is called choak-damp and surfeit by the colliers" (1812)
agee - atwist. the 'g' is sounded soft
a-ge-yen (Sth N'd), agyen (Tyne) - against, on or before: "agyen# May-day next" (1742)
ahad - hold: "If aa get ahad on ye, aa'll warm ye"
ahint - behind
airc, ark - a large chest
airf, airfish (Nth and Sth N'd), aft# (Tyne) - apprehensive: "Yen's rether airfish aboot eet"
airt (pronounced ó-art) part of the compass, direction: "what airt's the wind in thi day?"
ajye, ajee - on one side, atwist
algates - always, all manner of ways; however, at all events
aller - the alder
alley - a boy's marble made of alabaster or of any fine white stone
alow (ow like ou in trout) - ablaze, alight: "it wis aall iv alow iv a minute"
amain - to run without check
amang, amangst, mang, mangst - among
andirons - irons on the hearth to support burning wood
anenst, anent, nenst - over against: "ships from anens Hartilpowll" (1563)
anunder - under
apple sheely - chaffinch
April-gowk - April fool
aran-web (N'd) - cobweb
arf, arfish, arth - unwilling, sorry, pitiful
argy - to argue
arle, yearl - to bind by payment of money or arles
arnut - the erath-nut
arse-loop - a seat or wide loop in a rope or chain in which a man is slung when repairing or working in a pit-shaft
ask - a water-newt, a lizard (watter-ask, dry ask)
ass-midden, ass-pit - an ash heap
assil-tyeuth - a grinder or molar tooth
ast - asked
astite - just as soonm as lief: "Aa wad astite stop where a is"
at - that: "them at's gan up"
atopa, atopan - on the top of: "Yor fethor's atoppa the hay-stack"
attercop, ottercop - [spider or web]
atwix - btwixt: "he was atwix an atween the twee"
awelt, awell, awert - of a sheep when cast upon its back and unable to move
ac- to ask
ayont - beyond

baak, balk (Sth N'd, Tyne), bawk, bawlk, boak (Hex) - 1. unploughed turf left between the ploughed lands as a boundary in the open town fields
  2. a square piece of timber
  3. a rafter or tie beam
  4. a roost for a bird
baal, baa (Sth N'd, Tyne), bo (Hex) - a ball: "buy the bairn a stottin'-baal"
babby-boodies - broken crockery, used as playthings by children
bab-net - a net used on the N'd coast: "in fishing for sea trout off rock ends they use a bab-net of 5 inch mesh" (1832)
back - a fishing line used for haddock, etc., at sea...the principal line to which snoods are spliced, each snood being attached to a hook by a hair line
back - a parting in the seam of coal
back-by - just behind; away from the face of the coal and nearer the shaft is said to be 'back-by'
backcast - a relapse: "aa's head a sair backcast"
back-ower - a return back: "ne cam back-ower tiv us"
bad - ill
badger - an itinerant dealer
bad-weather-geordy - a name by which the cockle-seller is known [!]
baff - blank; baff week 9alternating with] pay week
baggie - the stickleback
baggit-fish -a salmon on the eve of depositing its ova
bagie (a as in day, the g hard) - a Swede turnip...never applied to white or yellow turnips
bairn - a child
bait - food: bait-poke - food bag
baities - fisher girls who gather bait
backstone - a flat stone used for baking ost-cakes, etc. "The bakstone was often 3 or 4 ft in diameter, capable of holding 2 cakes, and fixed upon 3 or 4 pillars; the girdle was lee and lighter, and upon an iron tripod, called a brandreth" Hodgson Northumberland pt.2, vol.2, p.306 n. hic p.31
band - a thin layer of stone or shale interstratified with coal; sometimes a thin stratum of any kind
bane (Nth N'd) - a bone
bane-wort - the daisy
bang - a strong fir pole...a long pole used for guiding or propelling a boat
bang - to strike violently; to surpass, excel, outdo
bank - an incline, a steep road or street
bank - the surface, or top, of the pit: "at bank"
banksman - the man who has control of the shaft top. He regulates the descent of the pitmen, lands the coals at the top of the pit, draws the full tubs from the cages, and replaces them with empty ones. He also puts the full tubs to the screens, and teems them coals.
bannock - a thick cake of oaten or barley meal kneaded with water
barebacks - turnips with the tops cut off
bar-guest - "a goblin, fabled to appear in the shape of a large dog...and to portend imminent death or misfortune" Murray New English Dictionary qu. hic p.35
barley - to claim, used...bu children in play: "he barleyed that seat"
barries - berries
bastard sole - the lemon sole or lemon dab
bastel-house, bassel-house - a fortified house...common on the Border. The ground floor is a large apartment with vaulted roof. Over this are the living rooms of the owner.
bastile - the workhouse
bat - a blow: "a bat o' the jaa"
batty - a small cake: "Thoo shall hev a spice batty on tha borthday"
baxter - a baker
bay - the imaginary enclosure or place of safety in outdoor games
beak - the nose, the face
back-sticks, bake-sticks - a triangular frame of wood or iron, resembling a small easel, with a prop at the back, for holding girdle cakes in front of the fire to finish the baking, or sometimes to warm an old cake.
beans - small coals, so-called for their size. Duff is the samllest coal left after screening; peas are next in size; beans next grade higher; then nuts, - roondy coal being the largest in size.
bear - barley...with six (or four) rows of grain on its ear. beastlins, beastins - the first milk of a newsly-calved cow
beat, pret. bet, p.p.betten - to excel, surpass, overcome in contest
beatment - a measure holding a quarter-peck
beb - to act as croupier in the gambling game of 'pitch and toss'. The bebber is one who gathers in the pennies.
beck - a small stream... occurs about sixty-three times in the country of Durham. Thirty-eight of these are within the Tees district.
getten her bed - of a woman's being confined [for childbirth]
bedstock - the 'stock', or strong side timber of a bedstead
bee-bike - a wild bee's nest
bee-bird - the spotted flycatcher
beel or beeld - to build
beeld - the shelter for cattle. Beelds for sheep, etc. are common on the high moors in Northumberland. beeldy - sheltered from cold: "Aa've gettin a beeldy place"
bees - 2/3 pers. sg. of to be, sometimes heard in Northumberland: "What bees thoo deein?", "He bis ne use at aall"
bee-skep - a beehive - made of straw
beet - to feed a fire with fuel e.g. straw, heath, fern, furze, and especially the husk of oats when used for heating the girdles on which oaten cakes are baked. [after Hodgson MS]
behint - behind, but oftener ahint
belaa, belaw - below, or in the pit
belk - to belch
belly-rim - the lower part of the abdomen: "he's brust his bellyrim"
belly-timmer - food
belly-wark - the belly-ache
ben - in, into: "come ben the hoose"
bend-away or bend-up - a signal in a pit, given to raise up, or set away
bennel [Nth N'd] - a long reedy grass, growing on stagnant rivers or burns. Bennels were layers of the reed...to serve as a ceiling
bense - a cow stall
bent - a coarse kind of rass, usually growing on wet land, or on sand hills upon the sea shore; hence 'the Bents', a name for grassy sand dunes
berry (pronounce barry) - to thresh by flail: "he's been berryin' aa the day"
bessy - character...in a company of sword dancers at Xmas.... one of the men dressed up in women's clothes
bettermer - superior, better: "Aa seed him last neet, an thowt he leuked iv a bettermer way"
beyen [Sth N'd], byen {Tyne} - a bone
beyuk [Sth N'd], byuk [Tyne] - a book
beyun [Sth N'd], byun [Tyne] - aove, beyond: "it's beun ten 'ear sin he left"
beyut [Sth N'd], byut [Tyne] - a boot
bi ('i' very short, as in bit) - by: "bi this and bi that"
bid - to invite, command - of an invitation to which there is no refusal
biddy - a louse
bigg - barley esp. the four-rowed barley
biggin - a building
bike - a bee's nest
bin - by... bi, biv, bin are used interchangeably...as euphony suggests
bin, bind [short 'i'] - to bind: "he was nowther to had nor to bin"
bing - a heap of grain, [also] a bin
bink, benk - a shelf esp. a long flat slab of stone fixed to a wall, used either as a seat or as a shelf
birk, brick - the birch tree
birsel - to crackle in cooking
bishop - to burn food in cooking by allowing it to adhere to the pan
bit - small [re] diminutive or homely things: "an innocent bit lass"
bizen, bison, bysen - a show, a spectacle of disgrace
blaa - breath: "get yor blaa"
black bow-wowers - brambleberries
black-diamonds - coal
blacky - a blackamoor
blacky - the blackbird
black-jack - the colesay, often called rock salmon by fishermen
black-neb - the carrion crow
blae - of a dark colour between black and blue... Of the human body... livid.
blae-berry - the bilberry or whortleberry
blake - yellow, of a golden colour - spoken of butter, cheese, etc.
blair- to cry, to lament; to shout loudly
blash - to scatter water of puddle
blash - a downpour of rain
blashy - watery, clarty
blast -an explosion in a pit
blate - backward, shy: "he's nyen blate, noo"
blather - to talk loosely
blea-berry, blu-berry - the blueberry... bilberry
bleb - a bubble, a blister
bleck - patch or tar upon ropes
blue, blae - livid, blue, or purple
bleezer - a hood to blow up a fire: "put the bleezer up, and let's hev a lowe"
blether - to talk loosely
bliss- to bless
blob, bleib, blibe - a abubble, a blister
blow down - to bring down coal or stone with gunpowder
blush - a blister: "a blush on me foot wi' waakin'"
bluey - hedge sparrow [beside] hedgy, fieldy, spurey, snoky~
boak - Hex. form of balk
bobberous, bobbersome - hearty, elated, in high spirits [after Brockett]
boggle - to start at, to blunder, or bother about: "the mare blogled at a haystack"
boggle, bo-boggle, boggly-bo [Hex], be-lo [Nth N'd], bo-man [Tyne], bo-ghost, bo-guest - the bogle is always a personality, having a proper name, and haunting a certain spot
bogie - a small,low, four-wheeled barrow...the small truck of the platelayer so familiar on our railways
bo-lo - a term used by nurses to righten children: "the Bo-lo will get you!"
bondager - a female field-worker... esp. Northumberland
bonfire (pronounced byen-fire) - e.g. Midsummer Eve,in many villages in Northumberland
bonny - good-looking: "what a bonny bairn"
boudy, booly - a piece of broken pot, or earthenware, used by children for decorating their play-houses
bool - an iron plate attached to the oars of keels and wherries... through this the thole pin passes
bool - to play at the game of boolin or bowling
boose - 'now the upper part of the stall where the fodder lies' [Brockett] born - a burn, the name in N'd for a consideable stream
bowdy-kite - a forward child, a presumptious or unskilful person: "he's just a bowdykite lad!"
box - a benefit or friendly society
box-bed - a bed made like a bunk or berth
braaly [bravely] - in fine condition: "Hoo is thoo the day?" "Aa's braaly, lad"
brack - pret. of break
bracken, brecken - the brake fern PTeris aquilina, L.. It is regularly hravested for the bedding of cattle.
bracken-clock - the small gay-coloured chafer, Phyllopertha horticola, L.
braffam, briffam, barfham, briham, braugham - a horse collar
brag - a goblin [e.g.] The Portobello Brag...at Low Fell
braid - [to retch]: "Aa've braided sair all neet, doctor"
brakesman - the man in charge of the winding engine at a pit
bran - a boar, a male pig
brand-irons / and-irons - the irons for holding up the logs in a wood-fire
brandling - a river trout caught in the Tyne
brandlings - large peas of a brownish yellow spotted colour, quite different from the ordinary grey peas, much fancied and in request for 'carlins'
brandrith - a trivet [via Ray]
branks - a bridle of primitive construction, having a pieceof wood on each side joined to a halter
brant - steep, difficult of ascent: "a brant hill"
brash - melted snow: "snow brash", "brashy weather", "brashy wettor"
brass - money
brassy - pert, lively, forward in manners: "a brassy little fellow"
brat - name for a turbot on the Northumberland coast
brat - a kind of dual apron, usually made of sheepskin, or coarse sacking, worn by farm men when building corn stacks or when bathing sheep
brattish, brattishing, brattice - a partition
brattle - a loud noise, a peal of thunder
brautins - girdle cakes with cheese sandwiched between
bray - to pound, to hammer at, to assault
bree, breay - the breast of a hill
breeks - trousers
brickwast, brickfast - breakfast
brim - a sow is said to go to brim when she goes to the boar
brizzle, bristle, birsel - to crackle in cooking
brock - a badger or a badger hound
Brockwell - the lowest workable seam of any district
broo - forehead
brun (the common pronunciation in N'd) - to burn
bubbly - snottery, soft, blubbering
bubbly-jock - a male turkey
bull - a round bar of iron used in blasting in wet holes
bullet - a round sweetmeat
bully - equivalent to brother; a mate or comrade
bum - to make a humming or drumming noise like a bee
bummler - a lagre fly, a bee
bummlekite, bummlerskite -the blackberry, the fruit of the bramble
bummler-box - a small house
bunch - to strike, to drive with the knee against the backside
buntin - the cone of the fir tree
bunton - a piece of squared timber
burn - a brook [see Arch. Aeliana vol.9 p.63, vol.10 p.173]
bus - a bush
bus - a sunken rock on which at low tides...seaweed is visible
busk - to get ready, to dress: "Aa'll just busk mesel an' gan", "Aa'll busk a trout flee"
buss or busk - to dress, to don
buss - a kiss: "come gi's a buss"
bussin'-the-tyup - the tup was the last corf of coals drawn out of the pit on the last day of the year; and by way of showing their pleasure at the gaudy-days now commencing, the pitmen covered it with burning candles
but - an abbreviation of holibut [sic]
butts - strips of land, divisions of a common field
by - [in compounds] inby, ootby, owerby, backby, forby, upby, doonby
byer, byre - a cow-house: "the mucking o' Geordie's byre"
byun - aove, beyond: "it's byun a joke"

caa - to call, also to abuse or call names
*caa - to drive, to propel: "caa-tee the yett" (close the gate), "caa in that nail"
caa-handed - left-handed
caal of the sea - movement of water driven by the wind on its surface (the opposite is keld, smoothe, re the Tyne)
caaler - an official at a colliery engaged to call up the men for work. "He makes his first round at half-past 12 a.m., and knocks at all the doors with D chalked on them. These are the deputies' houses; they go to work an hour before the hewers. Every man of the fore-shift marks 1 on his door - that is the sign for the caller to wake him at that hour. The hewer fills his tubs, and continues alternately hewing and filling. Meanwhile, the caller having roused the putters, drivers, and off-handed man, the pit 'hings on', that is, starts work at 5 o'clock." R. Wilson 'Coal mines of Durham and Northumberland' Trans. of Tyneside Naturalists' Field Club vol.6, 203-4.
*plus song by Ned Corvan, plus story 'the Caller'
cabbish - cabbage
cable or cavel - a strip or share of land apportioned by lot.
cadger - a carrier, nowadays a beggar. "cadgers wi' their cairts" (1838)
caff - chaff, the husk of oats: "a caff bed"
cage - in its modern form consists of 3 or 4 stories or stages, into each of which 2 tubs are run. The tubs are held in their places [in the cage] by the sneck
cake -creel - a rack at the top of a kitchen to dry oat cakes (va Brockett, 3rd edn)
calf-yard - the home of one's youth (T.Wilson)
caller - fresh, cool: 'Here's yor caller harrin', here's yor bonny fresh harrin!''
cam or kame - an earthen dyke
campin, kempin - the race in which one [reaper] strove to finish his rig first (ended 1870s]
camstary, camsteery - wild , unmanageable
canch - a rise like a step. In a thin seam of coal... coal and stone [i.e. canch] are worked away alternately.
candyman - a bum-bailiff or process server; the man who serves notice of ejectment. During 'the great strike' [1844]... the pitmen recognised [among the recruited bailffs] several faces that had been familiar to them on their pay-Saturday strolls through 'the toon' as the itinerant vendors who calld 'Dandy-candy, three sticks a penny'. Thus the term 'candyman' became generally applied in pit villages to those who served and carried out notices of ejectment.
canny - an embodiment of all that is kindly, good, and gentle
cantrip, cantrap - spell, charm, trick
canty - lively, cheerful and comfortable
cap - to overtop, surpass: "this caps the stack"
cappy - a boys' game ...[or] captain
carlin - a familiar term for a woman
carlins - 'choice grey-peas, of the preceding autumn, steeped in spring water for 12 to 15 hours, till they are soaked or macerated; then laid on a sieve, in the open air, that they may be externally dry. Thus swelled, and enlarged to a considrable size, and on the verge of vegetating, they are put in an iron pot, or other wise, on a slow fire, and kept stirring. They will then parch, crack and as we provincially call it, bristle: when they begin to burst, they are ready to eat.' Gent. Mag 1788 re N'd. Another method adopted is to fry the carlins with fat, and season highly with pepper and salt. [As well as grey peas] the large peas of a brownish yellow spotted colour, called 'brndlings'...are much fancied and in request for carlins.
carr - a marsh [only x1 in N'd: Prestwick Carr]; - a rocky place [x20 in N'd]
cas - because
caskit - a cabbage stalk
cassen - of a sheep...cast upon its back and unable to rise
cast - to cast up, throw up, [shovel]: 'to cast snow'
caster - a shoveller or caster of coal from a keel to a ship e.g. Wearside, Blyth
cast up - to remind reproachfully: 'If aa was to de see, ye wad cast it up to me fyece'
cat - a ball made by mixing coal and clay together
cat-band - [iron band for securing cover of a hatch in a keel], [a band on a corf to take a hook]
cat-built - applied to an old style of shipbuilding, which is described as being on the Norwegian model [i.e. narrow stern, much tumble in... ended ca. 1850]
cat-choup - a hip e.g. wild rosehip
cat-haa - hawthorn berry; bull-haa - large ditto
cat-heed - an ironstone nodule
cat-whin - burnet gorse
cavel, cavil - the lots cast by pitmen at stated periods for the different working places. Each collier draws his cavel and the number on this ticket is the number of the 'bord' at which he must hew.
cawel - a hen-coop
chack - a slight refreshment, taken in haste
chaffs, chafts - the jaws
chalder, chaldron - measure of 53 cwts of coal (Newc.). The old colliery wagon contains a chaldron, and is a called a chaldron wagon. Eight of these equal a keel of coals. '101 chalder of grindstones' Heworth 1583 via H
charms - note here
chats - keys of trees as ash trees, sycamore trees. In lead-mining, small pieces of stone with lead ore adhering to them [i.e. imperfectly separated ore].
check-viewer - one who checks the working of coal on behalf of the owner of the royalty
check-weighman - the representative of the men, who checks the weight of coals at the surface
what cheer? - a common salutation
chemmerly - urine bottled till it ferments, and then used for cleaning clothes
cheps - men: 'them cheps is nee use'
chiel - a friend, one very intimate: 'he's a queer chiel' re a favourite pet
chimins - the seeds or inner husks of oats, soaked 2 or 3 days in cold water to become a jelly, and then boiled in water or milk...Used in C'd, N'd [and Scotland]
chips - a fish 'chips' when it cuts the surface of the water without leaping [re a salmon]
chisel, chizzel - a common quality of meal from oats
chock - a piece of wood for stopping waggons at the top of a bank... also a square pillar for supporting the roof of a pit, built up of short lengths of wood
choller - a double chin
chop - sudden retrograde movement: 'the wind chopped round to the nor'rard'
chorch - church... [here note about c/k e.g. thak, snak (snatch), birk, etc.]
chort - to squirt wth the teeth
claa(t) - to claw, scratch: 'claa me, claa thee'
clag -t o make adhere
clairts or clarts - [fouled sheeps' wool]
clam - to castrate by compression
clammer - climb: 'aa've clammered up them stairs to the Garth'
clap - to pat tenderly
clavers - goosegrass
clay - a pitman's candlestick, made of a piece of clay
cleed - to clothe
click - to snatch: 'he clicked it oot o' me hand'
click-clash, clish-ma-claver, click-clack, etc. - idle, gossiping talk
clivver - clever, in good health: 'How are ye the day, lad?... Man aa's clivver'
clock, clocker - any large beetle: 'killin clock wi' clubs' (overdoing it)
clog - in mining, a sledge loaded with stones and dragged round by the gin, to which it acts as a brake
clog - a shoe with wooden sole...usually protected by iron plates
cloot - a cloth: 'Aa'll pin a dish-cloot te yor tail' (keep out of the kitchen!)
cloot - to patch: "cloot the tin pan"
Clooty - the Devil
clooty-hat - a bonnet for field work
close-bed - bunk or box ned
closer - a firebrick
cloud-berry - the ground mulberry; also noops, knot-berry, knout-berry
cloud - to dent: 'he got a cloued heed'
cluckweed - chickweed
cluff - to cuff: 'Aa'll cluff yor jaw for ye'
cluther - to crowd closely: ';the folks wiz aal cluthered aboot the door'
coald-hood - the reed bunting
*coalsay, colesay - the coal-fish [black jack, rock salmon - when young: podlie
*cob - a thick amorphous cake of loaf of bread. It was usually made from the last piece of dough'
cobby - brick, hearty, in good spirits
*coble, cobble - an open or deckless boat ('coball' Farne 1372, see details here)
cockens - the field poppy
cockle- a spatch of saliva or phlegm
cockle - [to gag]: 'cockles on taking physic'
cod - a pillow..., the bearing of an axle
*codjybell - the earwig
*cog - a lift [a thrust on the backside]: 'Gi's a cog up, will ye?'
coggly - crawley, unsteady: 'the plank wis se coggly 'at aa nearly tummeled off'
coins - a street corner
*cold-lord - a boiled pudding made of oatmeal and suet
colley - a lamplighter
colley - butcher's meat [not bacon or salted meat]
come-an'-gan - [a good supply of anything]
commony or muggy - a boy's marble made of baked clay
*coo - in mining, a pole having a fork of iron at the end [to prevent back sliding]
*coo-git - right of pasturage for one cow on common land
*coo-paad - left-handed
cooth - [pleasant], comfortable - 'aa's cooth'
cop - to catch: 'he copt a butterfly'
corby-craa - the carrion crow
*corf - a basket of pined hazel rods
corn-barries - red or white currants
*kern-doll, mell-doll, etc. - an image made by dressing up a sheaf of corn to appear like a rude human figure, which is mounted on the top of the laft cart-load taken from the field
cotteril - split pin, money
*coul, cowl - to scrape together dung, mud, dirt, etc.
coup - to upset, to barter
*kow - a local sprite e.g. the Hedley Kow
*cow-grass - common purple clover
caad - 'it's as caad as ice'
cowp - to upset: 'that's cowp'd his apple cart for him, noo'
*craa, craw - an outcrop or crop of strata, [hence] craw coal
craadon, crawdon - a coward: 'ye're a crawdon'
crack - to gossip, to brag, to boast; light conversation, boasting
cracket - a a low seat without legs
crame - a stall or stand at country fairs easily taken to pieces
crame - to mend...by holing and wiring
cranch, scranch, scrunch - [to crunch, to grind the teeth]
*crane - the junction between the branch railways and the horse roads in a pit, the coals being 'put' to this spot by the barrow-men from the working places. From the crane they were drawn by horses to the shaft. It is now called a 'flat' or 'station'
cranky - tottering: 'aa's nobbut cranky-like thi day'
crankey - checked or of a zig-zag pattern
creel - whicker utensils for various purposes
creeve, creuve - a crab or lobster trap; crab-creeves - pots for crabs
*crible - to curry favour with a superior: 'aa's not gan to crible tiv him'
crine - to shrink or shrivel up
*crit - the smallest of a litter, etc. 'Tom's the crit i' the family'
croon - [5 shillings]: 'len's haaf a croon'
croopy - hoarse
croose, crouse - brisk, lively, eager
croot - to sprout, to recover: 'she'll syun croot oot agyen'
croppen - crept (p.p.): 'we'd just croppen into bed agyen'
crotly, crutly - crumbly
*crowdy - a Northumberland dish, made by filling a basin with oatmeal, and then pouring on boiling water; in Scotland 'brose'
cruck-yor-hough - sit down
*cruck-yor-thumb - [thumb doubled up inside clenched fist, as a charm against witchcraft] ex. 1888
*cruppy-dow - a cake made of oatmeal and fish (N'd)
*cuddy - a donkey, a stupid person: 'what is ye dein that for, ye great cuddy?'; also abbreviation of Cuthbert
cuddy-an-creels - a donkey with panniers
*cuddy's legs - herrings
cull - a fool, stupid, simple fellow cundy - a drain, a sewer
curranberries - red currants
*cushat - the ring dove
*cushy-coo-lady - the lady-bird beetle
*cuthbert's beads - portions of the jointed stems of fossil encrinites (Lindisfarne]
cutty - short
*cutty-soams - pit ghost [see Monthly Chron i/269]

#Pitman's Quarrel by R.Elliott
dad - to strike with heavy blow, but with something soft. "Aa'll dad yor jaw", "dadded his hide"; to throw down heavily: "divvent dad it doon that way"
daffle - to be doting, to be forgetful
dafty - a silly person: "Ye'll hit somebody, ye dafty"
daft-like - fond or silly: "that was a daft-like trick, noo"
dag - to rain, to drizzle: "it's daggin on", "it's daggin weather"
daggy, daggly - wet, drizzly: "it's varry daggy thi' day"
dale - a valley or vale. See Arch. Aeliana vol.9 p.61
dall - to tire: It's a varry dallin job"
damp (gas) cf. Gm Dampf 'steam'
dang )pret.) - struck with violence: "a great thrust dang him ower" (Midford 181; "deevil dang ye" (Newc.)
darg, dargue, dorg - a day's work: "a day's darg"
dark - to eavesdrop (obsol)
darrak - a piece of work - see darg
daver - to stun with a blow, to stupefy: "he bat him sic a yark alang the jaa, 'at it daver't him", "a davered aad man"
daw, dow - to thrive (obsol.)
daytale man - a man employed by the day
de - do, div before a vowel: "to de wor turn" means having anough to live upon
deas, deis - a stone bench at the door of a cottage, sometimes sovered with sods
deave - to deafen, to stupefy with noise
deazil - a walk round by the sun [i.e. not widershins]
dee - to die
deed - died, death: "tewed to deed"
deed-knock: a supposed warning of death, a mysterious knock [via Halliwell]
deef - deaf' barren, useless, decayed: "a deef nut", "deef corn"
deil, deel, deevil, divil - devil: "Deel tyek ye", "Deel fetch't!", etc.
delfs - small pits {?ironstone] - see Aech. Aeliana vol.1 p.120
dene, dene, den - a valley through which a burn flows
dhael - a funeral [obsol.]
di'd - do it: "Aa didn' di' d, did aa?"
dight, deet, dite - to make ready, prepare: "stop till aa dite me hands" (clean) [obsol.]
dike, dyke - a fence, hedge, ditch, earthen or stone wall
dike - a sault in a stratum
ding - to strike, bang, knocn with violence, esp. ding-down, ding-ower: "stand oot o' the road or aa'll ding ye ower"
dinna, dinnet, divent - do not: "Euphony suggests their selection"
dirdum, durdum, etc - noise and excitement, a confusion
dirt-bird - [esp.] skua gull
dis, siz - dost, does: "he diz nowt aall day"
dithery-dother - the grass Briza media
divaa - do I? or I do: "D'ye hear us?" "Aye, divaa"
*docken -mthe plant Rumex obtusifolius: "nettle oot, docken in"
dodd - a blunt hill or butt end of a hill [13 ex. in N'd]
dodd - a fox
donnat, donnit, donnert, etc - a wild pruposeless, wanton one. (dow naught)
dook - to dip or to duck overhead in water, to dive
doot, doll, deul - gried, woe
*doon-by - along, or near by: Will ye be doon-by thi' neet?", "Aa's gaan doon-by"
doose, douse - comely, comfortable
dornet - dare not; doresent - dare not
dorty, dirty etc. - "it's a dorty neet"
dother, dither, didder, etc. - to... [here the transcriber momentarily fell asleep, as witness some random pen marks]
dottle - tobacco left in the bottom of a pipe
dover - to go lightly to sleep and fall into a doze: "Aa dovered ower"
dowly - doleful etc., " a dowly pleyce i' the winter time"
dowp - the carrion crow; the buttocks
doozened - with spirit or energy; dazed
draak, drak, drauk (N N'd), droak (W Tyne) - to saturate
drag - a sprag of wood thrust between the spokes of a wheel (to act as a brake)
dree - to suffer, bear, endure; adj. long, tedious
drift - a place driven to explore a reach of coal
drook, drouk - to drench with water: "Drooked ti the skin"
droothy - thirst
drumly - muddy, thick cf. jumly
druned - drowned
dry dike - a stone fence, cuilt without lime - that is, with dry stones only
dub - a dirty pool
duds - clothes, applied generally to working clothes
duddin - an outfit of clothes
duergar - a goblin race of beings known on the Border..."the worst and most malicious order of Fairies"
duffit - a sodl duffit-theaked - thatched with sods
dalbert, dulbert, etc. - a dullard
dunch - to knock against, to nudge
dungen. dung - p.p.of ding - driven or knocked about with violence: "Aa thowt he'd a dungen doon the door"
dwalm - a slight illness, a faint fit: "he tyuk a kind o' da=walm, like"
dwine - to pine away, to dwindle
dyel, deal, dale, dole - to divide, to approtion: "dyel smaal an' sarve all"
dyel, dale - a deal board

eany and light - of bread, when the interior has a glazed appearance and is full of holes
earthfast - an isolated stone enclosed in a bed of earth [with special properties]
efa - a small diminutive person: 'he's nowt but an efa'
eigh-wye - used to express indifference or regret
else - already, [init?]: 'that'll dee, else'
end-on - having the end towards the spectator: 'the waggons wis comin end-on'
ether, edder - adder (bull ether, fleeing ether - dragonfly)
ettin or yetun - a boggle [OE eoten]
ettle - to intend, to arrange, etc.
[exclamations - see long list pp.58-9]

fad - a bundle...such as can be conveniently carried under the arm or in the hand
fadge - a small loaf of bread. Near the Border, a fadge is an oval bannock, or scone, about 2 or 3 inches thick, made of pease meal, often with an admixture of bean meal, and fired very hard on a 'girdle'
fail dyke - [of turf or sods]
fair, fairin - a prize from a fair: 'bring 'z a fairin hyem, mind!'
farl or farrel - an oatcake. (N'd, Halliwell) or a fourth part of same
fell - a lofty brown hill
femmer - weak, frail, etc.
fettle - to put in order, get ready
facy - impudent, shame-faced
first-foot - ...'the luckiest is a fair-haired first-foot'
fitter - the agent of the shipping port who sells and loads the produce of a colliery [formerly, hostmen]
five quarter seam - [re typical thickeness - 5 x 1/4 yard = 3'9"]
flag - a flake of sandstone used as a roofing tile
flatty - a flat fish
fligged or flig - fledged 'hardly fligged ower the dowp' (immature)
flipe - a [strip] of skin
fog - the clover or second crop that follows a hay crop
forenenst - right in front
forkytail - earwig; also called codgybell, twitchbell, scotchybell
fother -a cartload of anything in general
foumart - polecat... but stoat or marten (round Hexham)
foy - a fee
fozy - applied to a turnip that is frost-bitten
frem, fremd - strange: 'fremd folk' alien peopl
full, fullen - the house-leek

ga (short 'a') - gave "ye ga twice as much as it's worth"
gaadger -a gauger, an exciseman
gaaky - clownish
gaan / gannin - going: "Aa's gaan"
gad - a rod, a staff, a fishing-rod, a cattle goad... "a gad o' iron"
Gad-smash-me-sark! - an aoth...
gae (nth N'd) - to go: "gae doon the toon", "we gaed away at a bonny pace"
gaffin - lowering, cloudy: "the weather's ower gaffin"
gair - a strip of verdure on the uplands
gairn (nth N'd) - woollen yarn
gairn - to grin
galloway - a horse under forteen hands high, of the sturdy breed formerly common but now almsot extinct. They were used on the fells to carry ore over form the mines to the smelt mills... gallowses / galases - a pair of bracs for the trousers
gam - a game, fun; gammin - funning, making a fool of
gan - to go: "AA gans", "gan yor aan gait"
gant / gaunt - to gape, to yawn; [noun] an inhalation...as [of] a bad smell: "aa gat a fair gant on't"
gar - to compel, to force, to cause: "gar's an ill weed to grou"
garth - a yard, or any guarded or fenced place e.g the Castle-garth [at Newcastle]
gate / geyet (Sth N'd) / gyet (Tyne) - a road, a way. (a field gate is yett.); sourse of conduct: "gan yor aan gate"; a stint or right of pasture: "every gate there is to pay one shilling" (Gateshead 1652).
Gateside - Gateshead (gate's heed, or head of the road)
gaup -t to gape ro stare: "what are ye gaupin there for!"
gave / ga - gave: "he gav a strait account", "he ga me", "he gav gim nowt for'd"
gavelick / geavlick / gavelock - a crowbar
gay / gae / gey - rather, somewhat, very: "he's gay aad"
gean tree - the wild cherry
geat / geed (nth N'd) - jet: "black as geet"
gedge - to make a wry face; gedgin - giggling, impertinent
gee / gee-y - a sudden turn, a pique (the 'g' soft) - to go off the straight
geed (Nth N'd) [pret. of give]
geen / gien - given )p/p/): "Aa wad geen owt to seen'd"
geezer - a mummer...any grotesque or queer character
Geordy - the name by which Tynesiders are known outside the district. Also a Tyne ship
geordy - George Stephenson's safety-lamp
gerse - grass
getts - young children
gi - to give. The 'i' is bery short on Tyneside, but in North N'd it is spoken very broadly, as gee-ah or gee. [before a vowel] giv is used
gif / gin (the 'g' hard) - if
gild - play, high spirits: "a body full o' gild"; [vb] to skylark, to play pranks; gilt / gilded - a drunk
gillihowlet - the yellow owl
gimmer (g soft) - [one] fork of a tree
girdle - a very thin, compact band or stratum
girlde / gordle - a flat, circular iron plate with a bow handle. It is set on the open fire and is used for baking...
girdle-cake / gordle-keyek - a name for the cakes baked on a girdle
girn - to grin, to leer, to make a wry face
girse - grass. A word in very common use by old people
gis / giz etc - give me
giss-giss - the call to a pig
gissy - a pig
gissy-pig - a little pig, or te name of a pig when spoken of to children
give-ower - give over, be done
giyen [S.N'th] / gien {Tyne] - given p.p. of gi
gize - to disguise: "Hoo mun a gize mesel?' 'Wesh thee fyess"
gizen / gyzen - to dry up, to crack open with drought
gizer - a masquerader, something extraordinary or akin the miraculous
glaiked / glaikeed / glaicket / glaiket / glaiky - giddy, foolish, thoughtless, inattentive to duty, unsteady
glair / gloaur / gloar / glar - liquid mud of the filthiest sort... the most offensive dirt
gleed / glide - crooked or twisted...squinting: "Gleed Will"
cleede, etc - a falcon
gleg - quick, smart, acute: "gled at the uptak"
glent - to glint, to flash' [noun] a glance: "Aa seed it bi the glent o' yor ee"
gliff - a glance, a glipse; a sudden fright; to frighten
glisk - a glance of light, a transient ray, a transient view
glister - a clyster
glower - to gaze with wonderment
glyme - to look slily
goaf / goave - space cleared of coal
goam / gome - to take notice of, to recognise "I never goamed you"
gob - the mouth; speech, power of expression; bragging speech, insolence... The form gab is quite unknown in N'd
gobby - insolent: "a gobby brat"
Gox / Begox - an exclamation
gog - a boy's marble
goldspink / gooldspink / goudspink / goldflinch - the goldfinch
goldy - golden
gollan / golland / gowlan - a flower of a golden hue e.g. the scentless mayweed, the buttercup: "as yalla as a gollan"
gollar / goller / gollor - to growl or shout violently; to speak in a loud, anery, or threatening tone
goniel etc. - a fool, a rustic or stupid person: "goniel country" (Ponteland)
gooldy - a sovereign; the goldfinch
gord - a hoop: "the gords is all comin' off the rain-tubs", "the bairns gez all getten gords ti play wi'!"
gorl / gurl - to rush and roar: "the weind (wind) for'd see"
gorlin / gorbit / gobby - a newly-hatched or unfledged bird. [Also prefixed] raa-
gorn - to grin, to make a face
gort - great
gosh / goshcab! (N'd) - very common oaths
gov - gave (pret.) - gav...is less emphatic
gowan - the common daisy
gowk - the heart or pith of plant: "an apple gowk"; the centre piece in a stack of hay, etc.
gowk - a cuckoo
gowk - a simpleton, a countryman; April gowk - an April fool
gowpen - the hollow of both hands placed together: "a gowpen o' yetts"
grace-wife - a midwife (1645)
gre-af - to dig (Alston); a greaver - a miner (Alston)
grain, a branch or fork of a river or a tree, etc.
graip / grape / gripe - a three, four, or six-pronged dung or delving fork
graith - gear, equipment, riches, furniture, social rank
graith - to harness, to equip, to accoutre, to dress: "weel graithed"
gree (gree-ah) - to agree
greet - to cry, to fret, to weep...
greet - great, large
grey - a badger
grey - a greyhound...from Icelandic grey, a dog
grey-bord / grey-bird - the song thrush (part os N'd)
grey-hen - the black grouse; a large stone-ware bottle
grice - a little pig
gripe - a pronged fork for dung, litter, coke
gripe - a drain
grover - a miner who works in an adit level or a lead mine; greaver (three syllables) in West Tyne
grozer - a gooseberry: "to jump like a cock at a grozer"
guizard / guizart / guizer - a masquerader, a mummer
guizen - to dry up with drought or thirst
gully - a large knife
guy - a young cow
gy-carling - a sort of mischievous elf who guides astray
gyet / yett - a gate, a roadway, a street
gyzend - parched

habnab - anyhow, in random fashion
hack - a piack-axe
hack (Sth N'd), hawk (Nth N'd) - a muck fork having three or four tines...bent at a right angle to the handle
hacker-berry / hagberry - the bird cherry
hackle - an iron comb...for teasing hemp or flax
hackle - a crest of feathers or hair
had / haad (Tyne), haud / hod (Nth N'd), hoad (Hex) - a grasp, a hold on anything: "to tyek had"
hadaway - begone: "hadaway wi' ye"; howay is equivalendt to 'come'
hadden - p.p. of hold: "hoo are ye hadden?" (how is your health?)
haffit - the side of the head; haffits - the underside of the jaw
haffle - to stammer... to falter: "to be haffled" (confused)
hag-worm - the blind-worm or slow worm
hail - to pour (intrans.) e.g. perspiration
hain - to keep back, [preserve]: "weel hained" [to look good in old age]
hairn - the brain - nearly out of use
hale - the goal at [wild] football
han-sheckles - handcuffs
hands: pasties, meags, paas, oars [arms], etc.
hant - a habit; [vb] to haunt, to accustom, as a pigeon to its dovecot
hap - an overcoat, or coverlet: "put a hap on the bed"
hap - to heap up, to cover: "hap weel up, it's a caad neet"
har - a sea fret, a drizzling rain or fog; [adv] moist, damp
hardlies - hardly: "ye's hardlies catch the train"
harl - to drag, to rake: "to harl the road"
hashy (nth N'd) - wet, sleety: "Eh! what a hashy day"
hask - roughened, dried-up, [drying, harsh]: "a hask wind", "hask lips"
hat / hut - hit (pret.): "Aa hat him; he hut me"
hatter - to shake up, as on a rough road: "he wis sair hattert"
hause / hass - the neck or throat
haver - oats; havermeal - oatmeal
haveril, etc - a garrulous person, a thoughtless gossip
hawkie - a white-faced cow; also a general pet-name for the cow
he / heh / hae / hev - to have
heap-steed / heap-stead - the platform at a pit's mouth elevated above the surface level to allow the coals to be tipped over screens into waggons
heck / heck-door - the inner door between the entry or lobby and the house or kitchen
hedgy - the hedge sparrow
heed - head
heed-wark - headache
heedwis - in a forward direction, onward
helm - the top (crest) or head of a thing: "helm o' the hill"
hemmel - a cattle shed, an outbuilding on a farm
hemp / hempy - a boisterous or mischievous noy
hen - to rue: "he seun henn'd on't"
herd / hird, herid (Nth N'd), hard (Sth N'd) - a shepherd, a cattle keeper
heronsheugh / hronseugh, etc - a heron
hettle - probably [sic] to act in haste or anger: "he hettled it away"
heyel-watter - a heavy rain
hez - has: "he hez nowt"
hike / heyk - to swing...when a cart jolts or a boat rises and falls it is said to hike
hikey - a swing
hind - a farm servant hired by the year
hind-berry - a raspberry
hing - to hang (trans.)
hinny - a term of kindly regard, generally supplied to women and children
hint - the rear, the back, the hindermost, the very last
hippin - a napkin for...an infant; also often applied to the curtain of a theatre: "hoist the hippin"
hirple - to walk lamely or with effort
hirsel - the general sheep stock belonging to a hill stock-farmer: "as bonny a hirsel o' sheep as ivver aa saa" (N'd)
hirsel - to move about on a seat, [budge]: "hirsel alang" (move [up])"
hit - it: "that's hit noo"
hitch - a small dislocation of the strata
hitty-missy - anyhow, at random, or haphazard
hiven - ivy
hob - [the target at quoits]
Hobbie- [for] Robin or Robert
hogamadog - the huge ball of snow made by boys in rolling a snowball over soft snow
hogger - a spout and pipe [to discharge water]
hoggers - footless stockings worn by pitmen at work
hoit / hout - a contemptible person: "ye greet lazy hoit"; hoyt - a lazy fellow
homlick - the common hemlock: "as hollow as a homlick"
hoo - the invariable pronunication of how: "hoo are ye, the ay, lad?"
hoody - the hooded crow
hoolet - an owl
hooly / hewly - softly, gently
hoony - houndy, gaunt, ghostly
hoot! / hoots! / howt! / hout! / hut! / huts! - an expression of impatience
hoppin - an annual festival at which shows, roundabouts, and stalls of all descriptions attract the holiday makers
hor - her
horny-tram - in a pit, a tram with four or more upright arms of iron, used for conveying rais, props, etc.
hort - to hurt: "he's horten his heed"
hotch - to shake with laughter: "aa fairly hotch'd agyen"
hough - the back of the knee where the hough sinews are: "cruck yor hough"
hove - threw; hoven - thrown away
How! - a salutation: "How there marra!", with the reply, "what cheer, hinny?"
howdy - a midwife
howk (Nth N'd, Sth N'd, Tyne), hoak (Hex) - to dig up, to excavate: "are ye on howkin taties?"
howky - a cant name given to a pitman, meaning a digger or hewer.#!!!
hoy - to throw, to heave up - 2to hoy a stone"
huddock / huddick - the cabin in a keel
huel - a deliciate or ailing person; an out-of-the-way [extraordinary] person
hug - to carry with a laboured effort
hule-doo / yule-doo - a figure made in gingerbread or dough... hands touched in front and two eyes of currants
hully - the perforated box in which fishermen keep lobsters and crabs in a live state
humel / homil - to break off, break down [e.g. road chippings, or flailing barley
humlick / whumlick, etc - common hemlock
hut - a heap: "a muck hut", "a hut of turnips"
hutten - p.p. of hit: "he'd hutten him afore he'd ony chance ti fend"
huz - us
hwick - quick, alive
hwickens / quickens - the underground stems of creeping grass and..many weeds
hyem - home: "gan away hyem, ma man"
i' - in: "iv a horry", "where i' the world..."
iccle / ikil - an icicle
iceshoggle - an icicle
ika / ilka - every (esp. Nth N'd)
ill-twined - peevish, bad-tempered
imp - a mischievous child: "ye little imp!"
inatween - inbetween: "inatween the cairt an' the barn"
indicted - addicted
ingate - the way in [e.g. from shaft to seam]
inti / intiv - into
intid - into it: "are ye comin oot o' the hoose or gan intid?"
inunder - under, below
is : "Aa is", "Aa's"
is ta - art thou
ivin /hivin - ivy
izle - a live ember of wood, the embers of a fire izzard - the letter 'z'
jaa / jaw - a wave or a breaker
jaap (Sth N'd and Tyne), jaup (Nth N'd), jaip/jope (Hex) - to smash by a sudden blow, as when two eggs are knocked together
jacks - large fissures or cracks in the roof of a mine
jade -a w orn out horse, a useless woman
jag - to prick, to peck
jaisterin - swaggering,...gesticulating
jap (nth N'd) - pret. of jump: "he jap the burn" jee / jee-y - bent, atwist
jemmisees / jimmer - hinges; jimmies is still the term applied to a pair of hand-cuffs jenick / jannock / janic - genuine, honest
jenkin - a passage driven in a pillar of coal; or a slice taken off a pillar
jenny-flucker - a flounder
jenny-hoolet - the tawny owl
jenny-spinner - the daddy-long-legs
jew - to appear sensible of pain, but always used in the negative: "he never jewed it"
jit (Sth N'd, Tyne) - jet: "black as jit"
jook / jouk - to duck one's head so as to avoid a blow: "when thoo sees a cannon baal coming, jook, Jimmy, jook"
jowl - to strike two substances together; esp. to strike the wall of a coal-pit by way of signal
jud - the portion of coal at which the hewer is working, kirved, nicked, and ready to be brought down
jumly - applied to a liquid where a sediment has been disturbed: "jummly coffee"
jye / ajye - wry and awry, crooked
jye - to turn aside
kaa - to drive, to impel: "kaa me an' aa'll kaa thee" (one good turn deserves another)
kaa-waa - crokked, twisted, awry
kaff - chaff
kaff - a calf; kaff-yaird - calf-yard
kail, kyel - broth; kail-pot
kail-garth - a kitchen garden, any cottage garden
kaingy / keengy - cross-tempered, irritable, uneasy
kairn / kirn - churcn [noun and vb]
kairn-milk - butter-milk
kamsteery / kamstarie / kamstarry - wild, perverse, unmanageable: "a kamsteery horse"
kavel - the ballot by which the working places in a pit are fixed; also the strips of tillage land in the common field
keav - to bounce and bang about: "he gans keavin aboot, dingin iverybody ower"
kecks / kex - hollow-stalked plants in general, but esp. the cow-parsnip
keek - a peep, a prying glance; [vb] to look at, to peep, to pry: "just keek through the spy-glass", "keekin by" (looking round a corner)
keeker - amn overlooker at a pit, whose business it is to examine the coals as they come out of the mine
keel - a large cargo-carrying boat
keel-bully - a mate or comrade on board a keel
keel-deeter / keel-dighter - a keel tidier or cleaner [female]
keelman - one of the crew of a keel
keely-vine - a pencil [from keel, a soft red shale]
keern - a grain of corn: "a keern o' wheat"
keld - the smooth part of a stretch of water
kelk / kelker - a severe blow
kelks - plants with hollow stems
ken - to know, be acquainted with
kenspeckle / kenspeckled - conspicuous...easy to be recognised: "thon chep wi' the white hat's kenspeckle eneuf"
kep - to catch in falling
keps - the catches or rests...on which the cage is caught...often written keeps
kern - the finish of harvest
kersen / korsen / kirsen - to christen
Kersmas / Korsmas Karismas / Kersenmiss - Christmas
keslup / keslop - the stomach
kessen - the p.p. of cast kest - the pret. of cast, in general use: "he kest his claes ower syun an' gat caad"
ket - stinking, unhealthy, diseased' "ket meat / deed ket" - [meat from] animals dying a natural death
kevel / kyevel - a lot, a strip of tillage land in the common field
kevel / kyevel - a stone hammer; [vb] to break with a hammer
kex - hemlock, the cow parsnip
ki / kiv - quoth
kibble - a small tub caontaining about 20 gallons, used in a pit...
killen - p.p. of killed
kink-hoast / kin-kouf - the hopping-cough
kirk (Nth N'd) / chorch (Tyne) - church
kirve / kerve / kerb - to cut ...esp. in hewing coal
kisent / kizzent - dried up with drought or over-cooking
kist... - a box or chest; a 'deputy's kist' is the chest...wherein he keeps his tools, play nails, brattive nails, etc
kit - a small wooden tubm bucket or pail
kite / kyte - the stomach, the belly
kittle - to tickle, to touch lightly: "kittle the coal" (stir the fire)
kittlish - uncertain
kitty - a lcok-up, a prison
knaa / knaw - to know... 'ken' means to be acquainted with a person or thing... 'knaa' refer to mental perception
knacky - clever, cunning, smart
kned - pret. of knead; kned-kyek - a cake richly kneaded with lard or butter
knooled - broken down, dispirited: "a knooled dog"
knot-berry / knout-berry - the cloudberry
kurtcher / korsher - a kerchief...the common form of the word
kwoal (Sth N'd), kwol (Nth N'd) - the pronunciatin of coal
kwoat (Hex), kwot (Nth N'd) - coat
kye - kine
kyek - cake
kythe, p.p. kyd - to tell of, to discover [the source of ki/kiv? OE cythan?]

laa / law - law; libery, freedom; [adj] low: "he wis varry laa doon" (in very low spirits)
lab - to devour by pecking or plucking: "the cushats is labbin the young bagies"
labber - to dabble and splash in water
lad - a sweetheart: "she wis gan a waak wiv her lad"
lads - a following,a company of comrades - not necessarily young men: "Haak's lads"
laid in - ceased working...
laidley - loathsome
lairn / larn (Tyne) - to teach, to learn
lairstone / larestone- a tombstone
lakin / play-lakin - a plaything' play-lakin (Nth, but not vb. to lake)
laleekin - boisterous: "a greet laleekin animal"
lang - long; comp. langar
lang-neb - a prominent nose or beak: "keep yor lang-neb oot o' this" kangsyne - long since, long ago
lap / lup - pret. of leap
lave (Nth N'd) - the rest, the remainder: "put him in amang the lave"
laverock - the skylark
layloc - lilac
leal - faithful, honest leam - to separate, as a ripe nut from its husk: "it leams well"; "a brown leamer" (a ripe hazelnut)
leazes - stinted grass pastures [preserved] for the hay crop
lecky - leaky, showery: "a lecky summer" lead - spare, extra: "a led tub"
leadeater - indiarubber, [a rubber]
leep - to parboil, [to blanch food]
leesh / leish / lish (Nth N'd), leeshin - lithe, full of youthful vigour: "he's a leeshin chep"
leetnin - daybreak
leet-ship - a ship in ballast
leister - a salmon spear
lepper - a slight roughness on the surface of water
leuf / lyev / leef / lufe / loof - the palm of the hand: "if ye'll scart maw leuf, I'll claw yor elbow"
lick - a sword but, a sharp blow with the fist or with a stick
liggy - a small ball...used in 'trippet-and-quoit'
limmer / limber - supple; treacherous: "a limmer thief"
limmers - the shafts of a cart
ling - the heaths Erica tatralis and Erica cinerea L.
links - a ccumulations of blown sand...overgrown with 'bents'
linn - a deep pool at the base of a waterfall...sometimes a cascade linty - flaxen
linty- the willow wren
lippen - to trust, to depend on: "aa canna lippen him"; "aa darna lippen on't"
lisk - the hollow betweent he abdomen and the thigh
list - vigour, energy; listy - full of 'go' or energy: "varry listy on his legs noo"
loak / loke / lock - a small indefinite quantity
loggerheed - the large tiger moth
lonnin / loan - a lane, a narrwo road
lop - a flea
loppen / luppen - p.p. of loup [to leap]
loppered, loppert - coagulated, [curdled]
lowp / loup a leap; to leap
lowpy-dyke - applied to sheep when given to leap over fences; ....of a person who has lost self restraint
low - a flame, a light: "piece o' low" (part of a candle)
lowen / lowin / lownd - calm, still [of weather]
lozen - a pane of glass
lug / lug-worm - the thick, hairy sand worm, Lumbricus marinus used for bait...for white fish
lum - a chimney
maak / mawk (Sth N'd and Tyne), moak (Hex) - a maggot
maaky - maggoty, decomposing: "a maaky salmon"
mae / may - more in number: "the mae pairt on them"
maggy- the magpie
maik (nth N'd) / meg (Sth N'd) - a halfpenny
mairt - a derisive term for a tall person: "ye greet muckle mairt"
mairt / mart - a bullock bought by two or more persons - it was afterwards killed and divided amongst the purchasers
maisled / ,aiseld / maiselt - mixed, confused in mind
maislin - a blockhead, a stupid, a simpleton
malin / maalin / myeln / mailkin - a kind of mop made with clouts fastened to a long stick
man (Nth N'd) - must: "Aa man away noo"
mang - among
mang - feeding stuff for dogs or pigs
manna / munna - must not: "ye manna let him gan"
marrow / marra - a conrade, a close friend, a workfellow, one of a pair of things, an equal: "working marrows"; "the stockins isn;t marras"
marygowlon - the corn-marigold
mask - to infuse: "wor add wife's ganna mask the tye"
masslinjem / masselgem - maslin, wheaten meal and rye meal mixed for brown bread
mavies - it may be, perhaps
mawzy - a speckled hen
maybies - may be, perhaps (Nth N'd)
mazer - a wonderment, an eccentric person: "he's a reg'lar mazer, noo"
me - [in] compound subject: "me an him wiz there togither"
meag / myeg / maeg (Sth N'd), meg (Nth N'd) - a hand: "keep yor clarty megs off the butter"
mean - to bemona; to be pitied: "she is much to mean"
mebby / mebbies / mevvy / mevvies (Sth N'd), maybies / mavies (Nth N'd) - may be, perhaps: "mebbies aye; mebbies not"
meggy-monyfeet - the chocolate-coloured centipied
meislle / micell - to disappear gradullay: "it micell'd away"
mell - a mallet used by masons and carpenters
mell - to meddle: "ye'll get wrang if ye mell wi'd"
mell-supper - formerly the great festival of harvest home
meng - to mix: "meng corn" (mixed corn)
mense - credit, reputation, honour, manliness, good manners, discretion, decency..."he hez mowther sense nor mense"; vb. to become, to grace, to adorn
menseful - gracious, comely: "we'll set oot the best ware for the tea; it'll be mair menseful like"
messit / messan - a half-bred little dog: "the best watch is a messit-dog in iv a hoose"
mezel / mizzle - to drizzle: "it's mezelin' on o' rain"
midden-crow - the carion crow
midgy - a candle alntern closed at back and sides only; used by putters and drivers in a pit
midgy - a midget: "medgy's-ee" (a minute thing); a gnat: "nitten aal ower wi midgies"
mind - to remember, to remind: "mind me on"; "mind ye dinna stop ower lang" minny - the pet or famiiar name for mother
mint - to hint: "she oney minted at it"
mirk - dark: "aa canna see, it's se mirk"
mica - to say hard things to anyone: "God forgi' me if aw misca ye"
misdoot - to doubt, to suspect
misleard / misleert - ill-bred, ignorant
mistached / mistetched - ill-taught, having learned bad habits: "he's a misteched yen"
mixty-maxty / mixter-maxter - a confused mixture
mooler - to crumble, to moulder, to decay: "the frost'll seun mooler the clods doon"
moonge - to grumble; a complaint: "wivoot ivver a moonge"
moony - the bird goldcrest
moorhen - the female of the red grouse
mooth - damp and warm, [humid]: "it's a mooth neet"
moppy - a rabbit
morn / moo-rn - morrow, morning: "he'll be there the morn", "the morn's mornin" (first thing tomorrow), "the morn at efterneun"
mot - a bit of white boody [used as target in quoit-like game]
mow / mou - a pile of cut corn
muck - manure
muck-hack - a many pronged fork with the grains bent round [for dragging manure out of the stable or byre]
mudge - to budge: "Aa canna mudge 'd: it's ower nivvy"
mugger - originally a travelling hawker of mugs and earthenware
muggy - a small marble made of glazed erthenware
mule - a mongerl boat, that ism bteween a coble and a fishing-boat, with a sharp bow at both ends. Used exclusively for herring fihsing.
muller - to crumble: "Yor mullerin the breed"
mun - must: "Aa mun he'd" (have it)
munna, munnet - must not: "Ye munna gan that way"
mutch - a woman's cap: "Ye've toozlt a' me mutch, lad!"
nack - to crack together two hard or resounding surfaces
nackey - conceitedly clever
nanny / canny-nanny - the stingless humble bee
nash / naisg - tender: "hard or nesshe"
nattle - [to rattle]: "What are ye nattlin there?"
neb - the bill of a bird, a nose, a prominant headland, a point of a thing: "Wet yor neb" (take a drink)
nebby / nebsy - "having a shaper, impertinent and ill-natured manner: "A clarty, nebsy body"
ned-cake, kned-cake - cake kneaded with butter, dripping or lard and generally baked on the girdle
need-fire - fire obtained by rubbing two pieces of dry wood together
neep - a turnip: "hoeing neeps" 1809
neest, neist - next
neeze - to sneeze: "he's elways neezin"
neif, nief, neef, neeve - the hand: "gethere wi' the nief"; double-nief - a fist: "he hit us wiv his double-nief"
nell-kneed - knock-kneed
[ness] - appears only once in Northumberland [Sharpness Point]
netherin - biting, blasting, shrivelling: "a netherin wund" (wind)
neuk, nyuk, nuick, nuik - a nook, a corner [either recessed or projecting]
nevel - a blow with the fist
nicely - well in health: "'Hoo are ye thi day?' 'Oh, aa's nicely'"
nick - a notch...; to notch, to make a fissure...
nicker - to neigh, to laugh hoarsely
nick-stick - a stick on which nicks or notches were but in order to keep a reckoning: "She has lost her nick-stick" (lost her reckoning of time)
nommut, nobbit - only: "Aa'd nobbut left him a minute"
nogs - [chocks, blocks of wodd...] to support the roof of coal mines re C19/mid
nooled - subdued, broken-spiritied, dazed - "a poor nooled dog"
noops, knupes - the sruit of the cloudberry
nor - than: "warre nor his sel" G.Stuart Joco-serious discourse 1686 - #look at
notomy, atomy - an emaciated person, a skeleton [source: anatomy]
nout, nowt - oxen, neat cattle: "a nout beast" (sg.)
nowt, nowse - nothing. Nowt and nowse are indifferently used numerals: yen, twee/tway/twa...fower...sivin, aight/eit...ilivin, twoalve/twal... sivint (7th) etc.
oast - fresh curdle for cheese
oaste - mariner or stranger who came to buy coals at Newcastle
off-gate - exit. 1704
offins - often
offputter - the loader of coals into a vessel at a staith or spout; the agent...at the shipping quay, the staithman
off-take - a deduction from a workman's wage
ofter - oftener: "ofter...nor's good"
oller - the alder tree
on - of - in constant use: ""Some on us is gannin" [etc]
on-ov, on-iv etc. [doubled prepositions]: "in iv a hurry", "win iv a queer hat", "#nib iv a cadger chep", fren iv an aad acquaintance"
onset - to place a colliery tub in position ofr hoisting
onsetter - man in control at the bottom [of] pit shaft. With his assistants he clears the cage of empty tubs on its descent, and pushes in full tubs in their place. He is responsible for signals to bank to move the cage,a nd for regulating the ascent of men.
ony-gate [anywhere[: "Aa canna find it ony-gate"
ooly-bear - large hairy caterpillar; [also] oobit, oubit
ootbye / ootbyside - towards the bottom of the shaft of a pit: "gan' ootbye" - going in the direction of the exit. 'Ootbye' also means outside...in the fields: "Me fether's just ootbye"...'In bye' and 'oot bye' also distinguish between near and far...
ootrug - back undercurrent of the sea caused byt eh wash on the waves against the shore.
ousen - oxen - used in ploughing in N'd in living memory
[owerman] - a colliery official...having the daily supervision and responsible charge underground of the mine or portion of the mine.
owe / ou / aa - to own: "Whhe's owe the hat?" "Whee's aa the hankerchief?"
ower - too: "far ower much"
owerheed - overhad: "owerheed i' watter"
Owse / owt - anything: "owse much" (anything considerable)
ofter / oaxter - the armpit
oyster-scaup, -scappy - oyster-bed - cf. mussel-scaup#
paap / pawp - [mipple]
paat - to paw or claw with the hand: "divent paat on wi'd or ye'll spoi'd"
padda-pipe / paddock-pipe - [horsetail (plant)]
paddock / paddice / padeek - a frog... a 'tyed' is always distinguished from a paddock
pag - to pack tightly, to stop up: "the wetter pipe's getten pagged up wi summat"
paik - tp thras: "we'll paik their hides"
painches - the paunch: painch-wife - tripe-seller
pair - set: "pair of cards" (pack), "pair of stairs"
pairock / pairk - an enclosure, [a paddock]
pairt - [adj] some, a fair quantity; adv. [well]: "he'll [b]e pairt fash afore he's dyun wi'd"
pander - to wander or loiter about: "he gans panderin aboot"
pandy - a slap on the hand: "hoo many pandies did the skyulmaister gi' ye?"
pang - to stuff-full cf. pag
pant - a public water founatin
pash - a heavy fall of snow or rain
pash - a soft, decayed substance: "rotten as pash"
paste-eggs / pyeas-eggs - Easter eggs, boiled hard and dyed various colours
pate / pait - a badge (obsolete)
pawky / paaky / packy - saucy, conceited, dainty: "she's a proud, paaky thing, that lass"
pau - to beat, to thrash: "Aa'll pay yor hide"
peas - small coals
pea-swad - a pea-shell, pod
peedde / P.D. - a boy on board a keel
peen - the sharp end [of a tool]
peenge - to utter low, fretful cires: "that's the bairn peengin aboot?"
peesweep - the peewit or lapwing
pell - hard, strong: "pell clay"
pelsh - weak or silly by sickness, or constitutionally weak: "he's oney a pelsh 'un"
pennywilk - the winkle
peter-waggy - the familiar toy in which the arms and legs of a grotesque figure are thrown up when a string is pulled
peth - a path; especially one that is steep and narrow
phosey / fosey - frost bitten [re] turnips
pianet - a magpie [obsolete?]
pick - pitch: "pick dark", "pick black"
picker - an implement used for picking turnips
pickle - to make shift: "pickle i' yor aan poke neuk" (do for yourself) pieust / piust / peust / puest - in comfortable circumstances: "he wis leukin' pieust"
pigeon-ducket - a pigeon cot
pike - a pointed hill [esp. N'd] - dodd, in contrast, is a truncated hill; pike - a temporary haystack
pillan - small green-coloured sea crab, used as bait
pillar - an oblong or square mass of coal...left...for the support of the roof. [#NB when further thinn'd out the pillars are called stooks]
pined out - dried: "pined hazel rods"
piot / pyet / pianet - a magpie
pipe-stopple - the tube of a tobacco pipe [esp. a borken example]
pirtle - a short stick used for stirring porridge # NB
pit - a colliery
pit-claes - working clothes
pit-cracket - the low seat used by a coal hewer
pit-heap - the deposit of coal and other excavated material near the mouth of a pit
pitman - a collier
pitmatics - a jocose term for the technicalities of colliery working
pitch-an'-toss - a gambling game [like quoits]
plack - a small piece of money
plantin, planteen - a plantation of small trees etc.
plash -a downpour of rain
plash - to splash or spatter: "plashin wet" soaked with wet
plates / tram-plates - the rails on which colliery trams are run
playlake / playlakin - a toy, a plaything: "here's a nice playlakin aa've brout ye"
pload, plode - to wade (Nth)
ploat / plote / plot - to pluck out the feathers of a bird; also to fleece a dupe
plodge - to wade in water with shoes and stockings off
ploo / plew (Nth), pluf / pleuf (Sth) - a plough plook / pluke - a pimple
po-heed / pow-heed - a tadpole
pony-putter - in collieries, the lad who brings the tubs from the working places to the flat with a pony
pooey / puoy / puy / powey / poy - the pole used by keelmen to 'set' or push the keel along
poot - an unfledged bird (Nth) - on Tyneside...raa gorlins
popple - the corn cockle
porter-pokeman - a grain porter... from ship to cart or...cart to warehouse
poss - to wsh clothes...witha poss-stick
post - sandstone of very firm, fine, compact grain
pot-cleps / pot=kelps - pot-hooks, or hooks used for suspending pots over the kitchen fire #NB
powled-off - made drunk
powtle / powtel / prtle - to poke: "powtel about"
preen - a pin (Nth) - preen-cod - pincushion
pressgang - a group of romping children
prinklin - [pind and needles effect]
prod - a stick to drive anything out of it shiding place
prog - the prickle of a thorn, whin, etc.
prog / progue - to prick (Nth): "Aa've prog'd me thoom"
pulin - ? : "it's pulin on" [of[ rain...spitting
put - [to pulsate e.g. of a pain]; [to bud, of a plant]; to push, to propel...
quaddle - to boil and bubble: "the pot's wauddlin on the hud"
quarl / quarel - a flag or tile
queen / quine - woman: "a good leukin queen" {also] used sometimes as a term of opprobium
queen's heed - a postage stamp
quey / quy - a young cow that has not had a calf; a calf is either a bull or a quey. "Stealing of two kine and two quies" 1628
quickens - the roots of weeds, especially...couch grass or twitch-grass
quicken-tree - the mountain ash
quicks - young hawthorn plants for planting hedgerows
raa - a row of houses
rack / wrack - sea-weed, field weeds
rack / ratch - reach of navigable river: "Hebburn Rack"
rackan / rackan-cruk / rackin-cruck - a pot-hook or chain and hook for suspending pots over a fire.
rackle - rash, violent, headstrong: "a rackle, ram-stam wife" Wilson Pitman's Pay
radgy - lewd, wanton
raff - timber...ready for use; raff-yaird - timber yard
rag-baccy - shag tobacco [obsolete]
rageous - raging
raid / rode - an inroad, a Border foray
raim - to talk or call fretfully and persistently: "What are ye raimin on at?"
rake/rack - a right of pasture; a sheep-walk
ram - foul, foetid, rank: "s ram as a fox" ramble / ramell - earthy or stony material without cohesion...a loose, friable deposit of shale
ramel - small tree branches
rammy - a horn or other kind of spoon
ramp - a strain, a sever wrench: "Aa slip'd an ramp'd me anclet"
ramper - the lamprey (Nth)
ramps - the broad-leaved garlic or ramsoms
ramstam / ramstrang - headlong, obstinate
range / rench - to rinse: "range oot that pot"
rant - a lively song with chorus
rap - to signal to the breaksman at a colliery
rapper - a knocker [also a rope from bottom to top of shaft with hammer attached, to signal from below]
rash / rasher / resher - a rush [plant]
rat / wrat - a wart
ratch - to scratch..to ferret about: "ratchin i' me box"
rat-rhyme, rat-raim - a monotnous doggerel rhyme [pre-modern?]
rattan / ratten / ratton - a rat: "the barn's full o' rattans"
rattle-scaap / ratte-scamp / rattle-pate - a rattle-headed, headstrong, unstable, or frolicsome person
ravel / raivel / reaval - to talk incoherently: "ravelin an' ttakin" rax - a severe strain rax - to stretch [intrans/trans]: "it'll rax a yard afor it'll rive an inch"; "to rax oot" (to clear up - applied to the weather)
recklin / ricklin / rinklin / wreknel - the last born, the youngest memer of a family [or litter]
red / rid - to tidy, to set out in order: "get the hearth red up"
reed - the pronunciation of red: "reedhet"
reek - smoke, vapour: "chimley reek", "baccy reek"
reek - to emit smoke: "the chimley's reekin badly"
reested / reesty - rancid (bacon)
reet - right: "not reet iv his heed", "reet there", "reet ower" etc.
rice / rise - twigs, as tree tops or burchwood, used for fencing, etc.: "a stake and rice fence"
ride - to ascend or be drawn up a pit shaft, to go to bank
rig / rigg - a ridge e.g. produced by ploughing up and donw alternately
ripe - [to rifle e.g. a pocket] ris / riz - arose: "Aa ris aboot five i' th' morning'."
rive - a rent: "a big rive in his cwoat tail"
rive - to tear, to rend
rolley - a carriage of larger size than a tram, formerly used in the underground conveyance of coal: "corves placed on trams" (1835); rolleyway - the underground horse-road in a pit
rook - fog, must (Nth)
roondy - large, applied to coal
roppled - ravelled: "that twine's getten a' roppled"
rosey -a rose (Nth)
rouky / rooky - damp and foggy: "a rouky day"
rove- an iron washer used for riveting
rozzel / rosal - resin: "Noo, fiddler, rozzel up"
rozzel / rosel / rosin - to warm [e.g. at a fire]: "rosel yor shins"; "weel rozelt" flushed with drink
rud / ruddle - red paint or red ochre used for marking sheep
rug - to tug,to pull, to drag with violence: " ruggin pain", "he wis ruggin her hair"
rummle-styen / rumble-stone - a loose stone
runch - wild radish
russe / rustle - to wrestle: "a russlin' match"
ryn - a very small stream: "a lytle ryn" 1542
sackless - innocent, blameless (in this sense probably obsolete); now used...for useless, silly, stupid: "he's a greet sackless cuddy"
sae - so; a common spelling. The usual pronunciation is see, seea, and soowah.
Saint Cuthbert's beads - [fossil crinoid fragments]
Saint Cuthbert's ducks - the eider ducks
sair / sare / sae - [adj] sore, painful, troublesome, dsitressing: "Aa hed sair tews ti catch the train" / [adv] sorely: "sair fashed", "sair missed"
sal - shall. In very frequent use.
Maa sang! or Ba sang! - an exclamation
sark - a shirt, a chemise... sark-tail, sark-sleeve, etc.
sarra - to serve: "sarra the swine" (serve out food to the swine);"he's reet sarred" (got his deserts)
sarties! - the excalamation certies!
saugh / saf / sauf / saugh-tree - the willow
scale / skail - to disperse: "an aad poke is aye scalin"; [also of scattering of manure on farm-land]
scallion - a young onion
scalp / scaup / scarp - the shore bared at ow tide, etc.
scam / scame - constantly used as a term for the impurities in rocks and minerals
scammle - to scramble
scare - a rough, bare precipice
scart / scra (Hex) / scrat (T) - to scratch: "scrat the lug", "Aa'll gar ye scraft where it's not yuccy"
sclater - a wood-louse
sconce - [fireside seat via Brockett]
scoot - the guillemot, so-called near Spittal
scoub / scown - a sapling or 'sooker' of willow or hazel
scrab-apple or (Nth) scroggy - the crab apple: "scroggy jelly"
scraffle - a scramble or struggle; to scrable along or climb up with great effort
scrammle - a scramble; to scramble
scran - food (ex. Pitman's Pay)
scranch / scrunch - to grind with a crackling noise between the teeth: "scranchin the teeth"
scrat - a scratch; [vb] "to scrat for a leevin"
screed - a writing, a document: "he signed the screed"
screenge - to crackle, as ice when it gives to the tread
scribe - handwriting: "he disna knaa hoo ti myek the scribe o' a pen", "a bit scribe off your hand'"
scrog / scrogs - rough brushwood or underwood: "lowpin ower the scrogs"
scroube - to crush or squeeze together: "what are ye scroungin us for?"
scrudge - a crush, a packed cword; to crwod or cruch together
scruffle - a scuffle: "he lost his hankesher i' the scruffle"; [vb] to scuffle
scrumfish - to suffocate
scrunsh - to crunch
scrunty - poor, bare...contemptible...ill-thriven: "a scrunty heathery bit of land" Hexham Courant Jun 1980
scuddock - a small coin ro something of smallest value: "every scuddock" C19/mid
scumfish - to choke, to smother: "scumfished wi' the stythe"
scunner - aversion, disgust, contempt: "tyen a scunner at her"; to flinch, to recoil: "he nivver scunnart", "he scunnered at the verra seet on't"
se / see - so sea-coal - coals in London were originally borne from Newcastle by sea, and were distinguished from charcoal by the designation of sea-coal
sea-fret / (Nth) sye-freet - a damp fog from the sea
seaves / sieves / seves - rushes; candle-sieve - a rushlight
sea-ware - sea-weed; Nth N'd: rach or wrack
sec / sic - such: "at secken a time"
seed - saw, seen: "Aa seed it mesel"
seesta / seestha / sitha - look! "when aa cam in, seesta, thor wis nowt inside"
seg - a segde...esp. the yellow iris
set - a train of coal tubs or waggons; etc.
set-pot - a seated or fixed pot...the common wash-house arrangement
setten ' sitten - the p.p. of set
seugh / sheugh / sough - a small stream or open gutter...a surface drain: "Aa've been howkin a seugh to wise the watter away fre' the yet"
shangey - a riot, a row, a fight
shanna / shannot - shall not
share (sth) / sharan, shairin (Nth) - cow dung
shaw the green top of stalk of a plant: "tatie shaw", "neep shaw"
sheals / shields etc - temporary huts or shelter-places...built of sods and covered with poles carrying roofs of turf or moor rushes
sheckle-byen - the shackle bone, the wrist
sheel - to shell
sheely - the chaffinch
shelpit / shilpit / shilpy - pale, sickly etc.: "He's a peeur shilpy thing"
shelty -a Shetland pony
shem / shyem (Tyne) / Sheyem (Sth N'd) - shame; to put to shame: "shem bin ye!"
shift - to remove with goods...from one house to another
shill / sheal / shell [to shell or dehusk] peas or oats
shilvins - upper frame of the sides of a coup cart, to which sideboards...are temporarily fixed
shinny - [hockey]
shippen - a cow-house; byre is the more usual term
shive - a slice
shog-bog - a yielding or quaking bog...treacherous to the foot
shoon / shun / shoun / (Nth N'd) sheen - shoes: "an aad pair o' shoon"
shoot - to shout; shoot - to fire a gun...is invariably pronounced shut
shoother - shoulder: "we'll stan' shoother ti shoother"
shork (Nth N'd) - to make a gurgling noise, [to squelch[: "me shoughs [shoes] is shorkin"
short - shirt
shug - to sway violently, as trees in a...gale; to urge; to shove: "what are ye shuggin at?"
shuggyshoe / shuggyboat (Nth N'd) - a large swing constructed like a boat with seats across, common at hoppins and fairs
shul / shoul - a shovel: "Len's yor shul"
sib - intimate, friendly, near akin: "thor varry sib together"
sic / sec / siccan - such: "siccan a fight as we had" 1835
siccanlike / sic-like - such like, similar: "we' boozy Bob and siccanlike raff"
sicker (Nth N'd): sly, inward minded: "he's a gey sicker yen"
sickerly - surely
siddle - to slope, to dip downward: "the seam o'coal begins to siddle"; [noun] downward inclination of a stratum
side - long; steep. "Aa'll tyek some o' this check; say, a yard side"
sie - a drop: "not a sie left"
sikes / syeks - an exclamation: "sikes alive!"
sill - a stratum [esp.] the whin sill
siller - silver: "a sillerless man gans fast through the market"
sin / sine / sen - since: "It's mair nor a fortnith sin'd"
sind - to wash out by rinsing: "just sind oot the coffee pot, hinney"
singin-hinny - a richly kneaded currant cake, rolled out thin, and baked on a girdle. It is served up hot, sliced and buttered. It is an especial favourite in N'd
sin-syne / sinsine - since then: "aa've ne'er seen ye sin-syne"
sipe - to leak, to ooze out
sitten / setten - p.p. of sit
skarn / sharen - dung of cows
skear / skeer / skerr - applied to some coast rocks, as in Hadstone Skeers, etc.
skecky / skekie - mettlesome, ready to start at an object; applied to an animal: "that's a skecky mear" (said of one that shies at anything) skeel - [a wooden vessel, tapering towards the top] ex.1652
skeel - to shell
skeet / skite / skeate - to skate, to slip, to skid
skeets - shaft timbers in a pit on which the cage is guided
skelly - squinting; [also] to squint: "skellyscope" - a telescope
skelp - a sharp slap: "Aa'll gie ye a skelp o' the lug"
skem / skemmy - a term of contempt; also the blue rock or any other common breed of pigeon
skep / skip - a basket of whicker work, rushes, or straw, used for carrying agricultural produce; bee-skep - a beehive made of straw
skidder - the common skate
skinch! - the cry for parley in a boys' ga,e
skipper -t he leading hand on board a keel
skirval - two pieces of wood acting as a keel in cobles
skite - a kite
skite - to throw or to shoot with a jerk: "aa'll skeet ye" [challenge to a game to make a stone skid on water]
skite / skyte - to squirt
skout - the auk (N'd 1790)
skrike - to shriek; a shriek: "the skrikes on her wis aaful ti hear"
skuddy - naked
skybelt - a lazy, useless, ne'er-do-well
skyedly (Tyne) / skeyedly (Sth N'd) / Skaidly (Nth N'd) - of thievish, pilfering propensity: "that's a skyedly beast"
skyet - a kite
sky-scraper - a niggardly person
slack - small or dust coal
slae / slay - the sloe: "slay bus" (a sloe bush)
slafe - narrow, mean looking; said of cattle
slaister - a mess, a slovenly way of doint things; to do anything in a dauby or untidey fashion; to walk with an awkward and slovenly gait: "he cam slaisterin alang an hour ahint the time"
slake - a large mud flat composed of sleck (ooze), alternately covered and left bare by the tide: Jarrow Slake (1670 Jarrow-slike)
slake (Nth N'd) / slauke - a species of seaweed
slattery - wet, rainy: "a slattery day"
slaverin - a term of contempt: "slaverin cull" etc.
sleck - smooth river mud
sled - a sledge: drees or sleds were in use for many purposes where wheeled vehicles are now generally adopted
slee - sly, astute, crafty: "on the slee" (stealthily)
sleeper (Nth T'd) - sleep, drowsy
sleep-the-caller - to sleep in
slidder / sliddery - unstable, slippery, smooth
slidey - a slide on ice: "howay, lads, let's breed a slidey"
slip - an outside covering, a child's pinafore
slipe (Nth N'd) - slippery slippy - slippery: "Aa canna waak, the flags is that slippy"
slocken - to slake lime...; to slake or appease thirst with drink: "Aa've sic a drooth aa canna slocken't"
slogger - to hang loosely or become loose: stockings or clothes that fall slack are said to slogger
slum / sloom - a light sleep: "aa've getten nowther sleep nor slum"
slush - melting snow; a habitual drunk
smaa / smaal - small coal
smally - cery small, of stunted or immature size: "the tormits is smally thi 'ear"
smash! - a characteristic expletive
smittal / smittle - infectous, catching
smokey / smotty - the hedge sparrow
smoothy (the th sounded as in thin) - dank, damp and warm. [humid]: "it's a smoothy day" smudge - to laugh in a suppressed manner
snaa - snow
snaa-brash (Nth N'd) - melted snow: "the snaa-brash had ruined me shoes"
snab - the projecting part of a hill
snack - to snatch, to snap, as a dog does: "she snacked it up afore aa could rich't wi' me hand"
snarl - a slip-loop used for catching rabbites; [vb] "te snarl rabbits"
sneck - the lift latch or light fastening of a door or gate; a cant name for the nose
sned - to cut off or lop off branches of a tree or the tops of turnips; to prune bare: "them busses is snedeet"; to scold: "he ga the dog a good sneddin"
snell - shapr, keen, applied to the weather: "it's gey snell thi' day" sneud / snud / snood - the short piece of twisted hair or cord to which the hooks are attached in a fisherman's line
snibble - a bar used for scotching tram wheels on inclined roads
snipe - the beak of a bird, a snout; sometimes used sarcastically for a man's nose
snoak - to smell and sniff as a dog does
snod - trim, spruce, neat; applied to character it means clever, careful, tactful: "he's gey snod" (a safe man)
snook - a beak-like, projecting headland e.g The Snook, Holy Island, The Snook near Sea Houses, etc.
snork - to snort as a horse does
snotter - mucus from the nose; a wasted candle [with wax run down?]
snotter [vb] - to snivel, ro blubber; snotter-clout - handkerchief
soam / sowm / soom - a chain or rope trace
sobble - to belabour, to thras in a stand-up fight: "sobbling blows"
sodger (Nth N'd) - the scarlet ladybird: "Reed, reed sodger, flay away / and make the morn a sunny day"
soft / softish - [of] damp or foggy weather: "Here's a soft day"
sonsy - lucky, good looking, jolly, pleasant: "better be sonsy than soon up"
soom / soum - to swim: "Aw sooms an' aw dives like a duck" (1849)
soss - a heavy fall; the sound made by the fall of a soft body: "The poor creature fell to the ground with a soss"; "he cam doon soss"
soss - to lap like a dog
spadger / spag / sprug / spug / spowey - various names ofr the house sparrow
spang - a bounding leap: "he spanged ower the yett"
spanghew - to strike with violence: "Then as spang-hew'd him weel" Corvan C19/mid; to spanghew toads, etc., is to set them on a flat stick, balanced across a fulcrum, and to strike the end so as to jerk the victim high into the air.
spangles / sprakles - [specks of spar in situ in rock]
spanny - ill-natured, spiteful: "a poor spanny sort o' a bairn"
spart / spret - the rush: "the grun's varry sparty here aboot"
spean / spyen / spane - to wean: "the bairn was spen'd last week"
speel / speal - to climb, to mount, to move with agility: "he speel'd the tree like a cat"
speri / speer - to ask, inquire: "he speered abbot it afore ye cam" spelk - a small splinter: "aw've getten a spelk i' my hand"; a very thin person: "nobbut a bit spelk ov a chep"
spice - gingerbread, or the admixture of currants with any food; spice-cake - currant cake
spile / spail (Nth N'd) / speal / spyel (Sth N'd) - a wooden pike, a splinter of wood, chips from an axe-cut: spile-driver, a pile-driver; "aa's just getten a few spyels for the mornin's fire"
spink / gold spink - the goldfinch
spoach / sproach - [to pilfer]: "he's elways gan spoachin aboot"; spoacher - a poacher
sprag - a short, strong var of wood...used instead of a break in a wheel
sprat, sprot - the rush
spreckled - speckled, spotted; spreckly - spooted: "a spreckly hen"
spunk - a sparl, a match, touchwood: "gi's a spunk" (give me a match)
staith (pronounced steeth) - an elevated platform at the waterside from which coals are shipped by a spout or a drop
stanchel / stainchel - a stanchion, an iron window bar, etc. (1592)
stane (Nth N'd), steeyen (Sth N'd), steen/steahyn (Hex], styen (Tyne) - stone
stang / sting - a pole, a post...: "cairt stangs" (beam and shafts), "the stand of a tyuth"
stangin-ether - the dragonfly
stank - an embankment for damning back water
stap - a cask stave: "he's gyean a' te staps" (to pieces)
stapel / stapple / stapel - a well, a small pit-shaft, an underground pit or a shaft within a pit
starken - to become stiff in consistency: "starch...starkens"; to cause to stiffen: "to starken an egg" (hard-boil it); [to become strong]: "Th'or gettin starkent a bit" (of lambs growing)
steave / steeve - firm, stout: "a steve fellow"
stee - a ladder used as a stair in farm houses
steede / stede / stead / stid - place, a dwelling place: "on-steed" [extension to a building]; heap-steed (the place where a pit heap stands)
steek / stick - a strike or labour dispute: "a stick...a combination among the keelmen of Newcastle" re 1768
steek / steak / streek / stik - a stitch in sewing; to stab, [kill]: "to stick a pig" steek - to shut, to fasten: "steek the yet"; "steek the heck" (door)
steer - strong: "a varry steer voice"
steg - a gander; "a fond steg" a stupid fellow
stemmer - a brass...rod for ramming down the caly, etc., in a blast hole
stife - a choking fume; variant of stythe
stirk / stork - a young beast, ox, or heifer [of] common gender
stob - a short post, a stump, etc.
stob-mat - a hearthrug of mat made of cloth-cuttings
stocky - the stockdove
stook - the remains of a pillar of coal after it has been 'jenkined'
stoond - a violent pain...; [vb] to ache: "it's stoondin yit"
toor / tour - a tumult, a great disturbance with fuss and noise; dust in motion
stoory - dusty; [mulled] beer
stopple - a tube of small bore: "pipe stopple"
storkened / sturkent / starkent - stengthened, set up: "weel storkened" (of raising chicks]
stot - a castrated ox of any age up to the second year, and unbroken to the yokr
stot - to rebound: "the hailstones wis stottin off the hoose-tops"
stower / stour / stoor - a headge-stake or a post: "dike-stower", "rice-and-stower"
straa (Tyne), stray (Nth N'd), stree/strea (Sth N'd), stro (Hex) - straw
stramp - to tramp: "dinna stramp ower the clean floor"
stravaig - a stroll; [vb] to stroll, to wander about: "the faws went stravaigin wi' their cuddies"; stravaigin - "the act of walking about listlessly"
streek / streak / streck - to stretch or lay out (of a corpse)
strenkle - to sprinkle: "strenkle a leapyt ov sugar on't" (1850)
stythe / stife - any very choking fume or smoke [esp. in a pit]
sun-dog - an isolated spot of prismatic colours, usually seen well up in the northern parts of the sky
swad - a pod: "a pea-swod, a bean-swad"
swalley / swelly - in coal mining, a gradual depression or dish in the strata"
swape - the long oar formerly used at the stern of a keel on the Tyne (re 1789)
swapes - curved plates used for laying the railway in a mine at a sharp turn
sweel - a gust of wind: "the wind cam wi' sic a sweel roond the corner"
sweel - to blaze, as a lighted candle does in a wind; also to melt and gutter like a wasting candle
sweer / sweir - unwilling, loth, obstinate: "he wis sweer ti gan"
swill / sweel / swull (Nth N'd) - a large open basket for carrying clothes, potatoes, etc. "like whulps iv a swell" [of anything mixed up)
syeks! sykes! - an exclamation
syke / sike - a small rill, the feeder of a burn
ta/te/ti - to
taam / tawm / towm - a rod line of hair for fishing
taam - to doze, to go to sleep: "he'll syun taam ower"
taas / tawse - a broad leather strap, having one end slit into five 'toes' or fingers; used for smacking children
tab - the end of a strap outside the buckle; a flap of anything...
taffy - toffee, candy made form a mixture of butter, or dripping, and sugar, baked till quite hard. Claggum is the same, but with treacle as the ingredient instead of sugar.
tagareen - marine stores
taistrel / tyestral - a sour-tempered churl, a rascal, etc... used playfully in speaking of an ill-mannered boy or of a person given to play pranks.
tait! - a remonstrance: "Tait! man alive, ye manna de that."
tait /tate/ tyet - a small quantity: "a tait of straw" (a handful)
tang - the part of aknife or other instrument which runs up into the handle; the pointed end of shoelace; the tongue or projection of a thing
tang / teng - to sting
tanklet (Nth N'd) - an icicle [Heslop also quotes a word tanglin meaning dangling]
tanners - roots: "the tanners of a tooth, etc."
tappy-lappy - running blindly at top speed or rushing aimlessly and furiously: "the twee boxers went ti'd tappy-lappy"
tar - a taw, the medium size marble used to shoot or fire with
tarrible - terrible, used constantly as a mere adverb of degree: "It's a tarrible wet day"
tat - to mat together: "in tat" (in clumps)
tatie / tetty - a potato; tatie-boggle - a scarecrow; "just the tatie" (just the thing, exact, suitable)
tawpy / taupy / tappy (Nth N'd) - a headstrong, untidy girl; a rollicking, garrulous young woman; a foolish and sluttish woman: "she's a reg'lar tawpy"
teaser - a fireman at a glass-house furnace
teave - tyeav - to walk heavily through dirt or snow
tee -to ,too, also
teedy - cross, peevish, fretful... "She's varry teedy wiv her bit teeth, poor thing"
teel (Nth N'd) - a blue, marly clay
teelytoon - a teasing, fretful, wearisome child
teem - to pour out, to empty: coals...are said to be teemed down the loading spouts; "teem the watter oot o' that pial"
teem (Nth N'd) - thin: "he's varry teem leukin"
teufit / tuifit - the peewit
tew - a laboured effort: "aa'd a hivvy tew ti get here"; [vb] to toil and struggle with a difficult undertaking...to suffer distress through work or rough handling: ""Tew'd ti deed", "Tew'd ti bits", "Tewin on"
thae / thee - those, that: "What's a' thae smeyuk thonder?"
thairm / tharm - catgut, fiddle-strings: "as dry as thairm"
tharfly - slowly, reluctantly: "she's gan varry tharfly" (of a clock)
tharf-kyek, etc. - an unleavened cake made of barley-flour and whaat-meal with milk
the / thi - "the-day" (today); "the-morn" (tomorrow); "the-neet" (tonight); "the-reckly, the-recklies" (directly)
theak / theek / thake / thak - thatch; also to thatch
thill - the floor of a coal seam
think-shyem - to feel ashamed or abashed: "Wey, man, ye should think shyem!"
thinksta - don't you think? "What thinksta, noo?"
thirl - to bore or drill
Thirlwall - [old name for Roman Wall]
thivel, thybel - a round stick, usually of willow...to stir porridge
thole - to bear, endure: "Aa canna thole nee langer"
thon, thonder- yon, yonder: "whe's thon?", "whe's thon chep?", "de ye see thon hoose ower there?"
thoo - thou - only used by intimates, or by a sperior or senior to an inferior. "thoo'll" (thou silt; "thoo's" (thou art or thou shalt)
thootle - to endure, to wait [?]: "aa canna thottle na langer" (cannot be put off any longer)
thraa - to turn by force, to twist: "thraa the key", "thraain an' reein" (a fowl's neck)
thrang - busy: "are ye thrang the day?"
threap / threep / threpe - to aver with pentinacity: "he threaped doon through"
three-thrums - the purr of a cat: "d'ye hear pussy singin three-thrums?"
thrimmel / thrimle - to finger in a niggrdly mannerm etc. [to pay reluctantly]
thrissel / thristle - a thistle
thropple - the wind-pipe, but commonly used for the neck, the throat: "let's wet wor thropples" (have a drink)
thrum - to purr: "the cat's happy; d'ye hear hor thummin?"
thrunty - short, thick-set and sturdy: "a thrunty bairn"
thrussen - p.p. thrust: "the buds hes thrussen oot"
thyea (Nth N'd) - the thole pin of a boat
tiggy - the game of tig
timmer, timmor - timber: "belly-timmer" (food)
timse / temse - a sieve
tingal - a patch of wood over a rent in a coble to prevent it leaking
tinker - the ten-spined stickleback tite - soon, willing: "tite as..."; "titer him nor me"
titty - sister tiv - to, used when a vowel follows [similarly til, tin]
tod / dodd - a fox toon - a town
tormit - a turnip; tormit sahw - a turnip top
tove - to make a dense smoke: "tovin an' smyukin"
toyte - to totter, as in old age
tradgy - a boy#s game (rounder)
traik - dead mutton as opposed to butchered mutton
tram - the sledge or carriage on which corves of tubs were formerly carried: trams and tubs are now made in one.
trapper - a boy who opens and shuts the air-doors in a pit"
tret - pret. of treat: treated. "the bairn had been badly tretten"
trig - the starting line in a race: "toe the trig"; neat, spruce, true, reliable: "trig as a lennard" (linnet)
trimmer - the man who trims or spreads the coals in a ship's hold
trippet-and-quoit - [the trippet launches a quoit, ball or liggy; the player holds a bat and hits the ball on its descent, as far as possible]
trod - a beaten path, a track
trolly-bags - a part of tripe
troons / trones - weighing scales, steelyeards: "brng the trones an' let's wee this cabbish"
trows - a double bost [used on the North Tyne in salmon spearing]
trunks - small hopp nets for lobster fishing
tub - the open-topped box of wood or iron, mounted on wheels, in which coal is brought from the fae to the surface
turbot - the common name for halibut on the N'd coast
twank - to punish with a strap or cane
twill / twull (Nth N'd) - a quill, a quill-oen, a spool
twilt / twult (Nth N'd) - a quilt
twiney - invalid, peevish: "she's but twiney, poor body"; twisty-twiney - of a constantly crying child
twitch-bell / twutch-bell (Nth N'd); twitchy-bell - an earwig. the names codgy-bell and forky-tail are also used in Nth N'd
twizle - to pliat or twist
tyed - a toad; tyed-styul, paddock-styul (toad-stool)
tyek - to take: "the days hes begun ti tyek off" (shorten); "the weather'll tyek up yit" (improve). Tyek is sometimes, but rarely, spoken on Tyneside as check
tyum (tyne), toom. tteyum (Sth N'd and Hex) - empty tyup / tup - a ram. 'bussing the tyupe': before laying the pit in for holiday time, it was usual to draw all the corves to bank to be dired and fettled. The last corf was half filled with clay, and on this the tyup (ram's horn) was laid, whilst as many lighted candles as possible were stuck into the clay.
um-hum - a murmur of assent [esp. as N'd]
unc / unco / unka / unked - unknown, strange, uncommon: "what he' ye unc at Rotbury?", "an unka place"
under-rug / ootrug - the backwash or outward under-current near rocks against which the waves beat
unfaa - a sever cold [influenza]: "she's tyen an unfaa"
unfeel (Hex) - unpleasant, uncomfortable [re weather]
unsneck - to unlatch a door
up-a-heet - aloft
upcast - a fault etc. [in strata]
upcast / upkest - to upbraid, to reporach...
us - used for me: "he gov us ne answer"
vaguing - idling [cf. stravaigin]
varra, / varry - very: "it cut through the varra leather intiv ee's thee"
vast - a great deal, a quantity: "thor wis a vast o' folk i' the chepil", "Aa's a vast better thi' day"
vend - [former system of regulating the output of collieries; 'now' a general term for output]
vennel / venal - an alley, a lane; also a drain, an open paved runner. "Vennel in Newcastle was a chare or narrow thoroughfare" e.g. 1588, 1641
viewer - the chief manager of a colliery
vine - a lead-pencil: "Len' us yor vine"
voky - damp, moist, juicy - via Brockett
wad - would; waddent - wouldn't
waes me! - woe is me! a common exclamation
waff - a puff or rush or wind: "the waff o' the train"; a glimpse: "Aa just gat a waff on him"; apparition...a portent that the person thus seen is about to die
wauf - sick, dizzy
wafters - swords used by N'd sword-dancers
wag - truant: "play the wag"
waigle (Nth N'd) - to stagger along unsteadily, as in carrying a heavy load: "Aa could hardly waigle wi' the poke"; waigly - unsteadily
wairsh, wairch (tyne), wairesh (N'd), wearsh (Hex) - insipid...as food without salt; frail-looking: "he's varru wairsh like"
wait, we-yet (sth N'd), wyet (tyne), weet (Nth N'd) - surely: "wait ye war, noo?"
wale / weyel / wyel - the choice, pick, or best of anything: "the wale of the family"; [vb] to sort, pick out: "wale me an orange"
walleydrag / walleydraigle - a draggletail, a wastrel, a wanderer
wally - jolly, merry, happy: "a wally time on't"
wamble / wammel - to turn topsy-turvey, [to spin]: the bord wammelt ower an' ower as it fell"
wame (Nth N'd), wyem (tyne) - the stomach, the belly wampish - to entangle: "[the rope's] wampish'd"
wankle / wankelly - changeable, precarious: "the weather's wankelly"; undependable: "he's rether a wankle, that yen"
wappin - huge, great: "a wappin tormit"
wappy - a wasp
war / waur - worse: "war an' war"
wark - [ache]: "tyeuth-wark, heed-wark"
wark - work; wark-folk - work people
warn / warnd / warnt - warrant: "Aa's warn" (I warrant, I suppose)
warsel / worsel - a struggle; to wrestle, to struggle
warse-like - worse looking: "a warse-like place aa never seed"
water - in combination...and frequently in common speech, it is shortened to watter or wetter
wax - to grow: "he's waxin a fine lad"
we (Nth N'd), wi wiv (Sth N'd) - with
wear / wee-ar - to cause to veer, [to direct]: "wear them sheep inti the field there"
webbit - well...but, why...but, but...: "webbit, aa winna gan"
weel - well: "weel-kenn'd"
whaap / whaup - to whistle, to whine
whang (Tyne), wheang (Hex), whaing (Noth N'd) - a large slice, a strip...especially a thong or lace
wharry - a quarry
what-for, what-for-because - why
whatten / whattena / what-like - what, what kind of: "whatten-a wark he's myekin!", "what-like hat had he on?"
whee (Tyne, Sth N'd), whae or whay (Nth N'd) - who: "whee's aa'd?" (to whom does it belong?)
whemmle, whammle, whummle - to turn anything completely over
which - alive, living: "the place wis whick wi' rabbits"
whickens - underground stems and roots of field weeds generally
whicken-tree - the mountain ash
whiles - at times, sometimes, now and then, ever and anon: "Aa whiles meet him i' the mornins"
whilk - which - now obsolete on Tyneside whin, whun-styen - basalt or any...intensely hard rock
whin, whun - furze or gorse
whisht! - hush! "had yor whichst!"
whitrack / whitreek / whutreek (nth N'd) - a weasel: "to run like a whutreek" [i.e. fast]
whulpin - falling to pieces: "jeest at the shulpin" (on the point of falling asunder)
wi (Tyne), wu and we (Nth N'd), wo (Hex) - with. [On Tyneside, variants wiv, win by context)
widdy / wuddy / withy - a band of twisted willow twigs, a noose; the widdy - the gallows
wife - any 'staid' woman, whether married or single
wilk / willok / wullok / wulk (Nth N'd), penny-wilk - a periwinkle, the edible sea-shell fish Turbo littoreus, L.
win, wun (Nth N'd) - to go or come: "Aa saa him win doon the street this minute", "he wan to the hoose", "Aa canna win at it" (cannot come at it), "to win the hay" (harvest the hay crop), "to win stone at a quarry", "to win the coal" (to arrive by sinking at the beds of coal"
win - with: "win her father"
winna / wunna / winnet - will not: "Aa winna be fashed wi' ye", "he winnet end there, ye'll see"
wis / we's - we will, we shall
wise - to let, to let in/out, etc.: "wise the dog out", "oppen the yett an' wise the coo in"
wite / wyte - blame: "he gat the wyte o' deein'd", "aa'll tyek the wite on't"
wiv / wuv - with: "wiv's" (with his)
wizen - to shrivel, to dry up: "old wizen-kited quine" (shirvelled old hag)
woman-body - a female: "they should get some decent woman-body ti leuk efter the bairns"
wor / wors / wur (Nth N'd), woris (Alnwick) - our, ours
worm (pronounced wor-rum) - a serpent; hag-worm (N'd) - the viper
wow - to mew, to complain peevishly; wowl - to whine or whimper
wrat - a wart
wrench / range - to rinse
wuddle / widdle - to do anything slowly or laboriously: "he wuddled on a' day an' did nowt"; to persevere: "aa'll wuddle through"
wullemot / wullyment - the guillemot
wyeberries - the fruit of the red whortleberry [wine-berry)
yaad / yaud / yad - a work horse or mare: "Aad Yaad Ford" (Thorneyburn, on North Tyne)
yaap / yaup / yap / yep / yip -a brat, an impudent or forward boy, etc.
yaap / yawp - hungry: "he's varry yawp"
yal / yaul / yald (hex), yauld, yeld, yawl (Nth N'd) - active, powerful, nimble: "a yawl horse", "man, yo'r a yald un!"
yammer - incessant talk; [also vb]
yark - a heavy blow; [vb] to thrash soundly, to go quickly, to jerk: "Aa'll yark yor hide for ye"
yarker - of large size: "It's a yarker, noo", yarkin - heavy, large: "a yarkin tettie"
yellerish / yellish - weird, dismal ghostly - see ellerish
yellows - wild mustard yellow-top - ragwort
yellow-yowley etc. - the yellow hammer or yellow bunting
yensel - oneself: "ye should dee'd yersel"
ye's / yese - you shall: "yese come when aa tell ye, mind"
yetlin . yetelin - a small cast-iron pot with a rounded bottom... a miniature kail-pot
yett / yeat / yate - a gate... yate also means a road or street
yetun - a giant or supernatural inhabitant of an old castle - see ettin
yeuk / yuck - to itch' yucky (Sth N'd), yooku (Nth N'd) - itchy: "If aa get ahad o' ye, aa'll gar ye scart where ye're not yucky" (policemen to boy in Newcastle)
yokin-time - the time of starting of any kind of work
yool / yowl / yule - to yell, to shout out loudly, to howl like a hurt dog
Yule / Yule / Yel (Nth N'd) Christmas; Yule-clog - a yule-log
yuven - an oven