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A GLOSSARY OF DIALECT WORDS AND PHRASES IN COMMON USE IN THE STANLEY AND ANNFIELD PLAIN DISTRICTS UP TO AND AFTER THE CLOSE OF THE 19TH CENTURY [By Fred Wade]


Fred Wade (1886-1978) lived at South Moor, and worked at the Morrison Busty Pit. As well as vivid histories of South Moor and Annfield Plain, he filled a notebook with dialect words and phrases; this is presented below, courtesy of his daughter Jenny Wade.

A
Aal-a-wand – I suppose or pesume
aad man – old man
Aad – I had
Aas – I is or I am
Aah – Aah cudnt had mesell for laughing
Aah'm – Aahm all te bits
aal – all me eye
aalways – always: she aalways clashin (gossiping)
Aase - I am. Aase weel shot ont (I am well rid of it)
aboot – about
aal me eye – aal rot, nonsense
accordin.lie – accordingly
ahint – behind
addle – earn
alwis – always
awful – a word mush used to denote anyone's short-comings
akward – awkward
aleen – alone
alang –along
amang – among
ameeast – almost
as – than, as: mair ar seven
as tite as – as soon as: I would as tite go this way
atween – between
awther – either
airnens – earnings
awnsel – ownself
aff-hand – offhand
a thegither – altogether
awe – to owe
ask – lizard or newt
alley – a special marble, used in the game of shooting ring
axe – ask
aske – newt
anted – haunted
airms – arms
ard – heard
aguain – again
aulreet – alright
afore before
agee – crooked
aheet – a-height, up-a-heet meaning high up
airt – direction from which wind blows

B
ballats – ballads
barmy – daft or silly
breeks – breeches
baring – the earth removed ina quarry to lay bare the stone
batch – a party or quantity
bleese – a blaze; bleesing
boggle – in a difficulty; a ghost
britched – first trousers
brattish – partition
brattish cloth – coarse cloth used in the pit to form a temporary airway
betwixt – between
biddan – told: “Do as you're bidden”
bidder – a person who formally went round a village and bid folk to attend a funeral
bide – Aah can't bide her (I cannot endure her)
bum – a bailiff; the backside
bumming – trying to get something or drinks for nothing.
baff weekend – no pay that weekend
back up – put coals on the fire for the night
bairn – child
bare buff – naked
backcast – relapse
backy – tobacco
backley – late in the season
braik – brake
baicken – bacon
baith – both
bleck – dirty oil or grease
bile – boil
bilt – build
bord – bird or board
bord – a working place in the pit
bob-each-way – evening dress collar
boiley – bread and milk boiled
busking – playing an instrument and begging for money
body – person
black pints – beer drunk by a pitman black from work
boudie – piece of brocken [sic] crockery
boudie duck – a plant pot shaped like a swan
bubbling – crying or weeping
bullets – sweets
brokken – no money; hard up
brokken – broken
brattle – loud noise as thnder
brassent – impudent; forward
bumler – bee
bumlerkite – the bramble berry
bray – to strike or beat: Ah gave him a good braying (beating)
byutts – boots
brimming – in season
bussle – a bustle
but – without, or wanting
blackie – blackbird
byth – both
byen – bone
broutens-up – upbringing
brussen- burst
brussen-guts – a glutton
bidden – to do as told
bunch – to kick: I'll bunch thee backside
bricky – bricklayer
Back-end – the Autumn
barry – berry
bit – small, as: a bit lass
bit – portion, as: gie me a bit pie
blare – to weep with a noise
bleb – blister or bubble
bleead – bleed
bleeze – to blase
bleeser – a piece of sheet iron put in front of a fire to blase it up
bobby dazzler – anything, clothes etc., brightly coloured: 'man, thou (or it) ['s] a bobby dazzler'
blether – bladder
blether – always talking: he es always blethering on
blonked – disappointed
bodder – to bother
boggle – ghost or goblin
bonny – pretty
bonny – a bonny gan on (serious trouble)
boose – intoxicating drinks
bowdikite – a good for nothing fellow
brat – a pinafore
brat – a child; a pinafore
breed – bread
breest – breast
bebber – a helper at Pitch and Toss
breet – bright
brick – to break
brock – the badger
brum – broom
brussle – bristle
black road – old waggonway
bray away – to move quickly, as: bray away to there as quick as you can'
burtree – the elder tree
bus – to dress: 'look sharp and bus thysel'
buzzum – besom
byre – cowshed
brought up – to be brought up before the Court
broo – brow
bide – to stay; wait
baccles – old shoes
bait – a packed meal
bait poke – bag in which the meal is carried to the pit
bait tin – tin for above
bing – box in which corn is kept: corn-bing
brechons [sic] – bracken
braffen – horse collar
breeth – breath
bowt – bought
bad – unwell
bonny pout – cynical description of anyone
bank – incline
bowt spice – fruit cake bought from a shop
briak – brake
brums – brooms
boddom – bottom
bissy – busy
blinnd – blind
blinkers – the eyes
blud – blood
blume – bloom
brash – a sudden short illness
brechin – part of harness
brumstone – brimstone
brunt – burnt
bussed – dressed
byre – cowshed
baulk – beam
blaw – to brag; to rest: 'get thi blaw'
beuk – book
beaten – done in

C
carry on – a fight, fun or frolic
cant – to lean or slope slightly; anything leaning over is said 'to be on the cant'
cair – care
candy – sweetment
caller harn – fresh herring
cadger – beggar
cannit – cannot
cannel – candle
calloused – stiff
callow – fresh
canny – a nice person; used also to qualify the idea of time and quantity: 'he was a canny bit late'; 'there were a canny few'; degree of drunkeness, as: 'he was just canny when Aw left him'; softly, carefully.
cree – a hen, rabbit or pig house usually made of wood
caff – chaff
cat-haws – fruit of the hawthorn
cat-heid – nodule of iron ore found in coal seams
caud – cold
chouk – choke
chimmering – bright, very clear
chinglees – pieace of coal the size of marble that fall to the bottom of a pile of coals
charil – tale
chimlar – chimney
chum – empty
chummin – empty coal tub or other receptacle
clarts – mud
clarty – muddy; sometimes used to express a person's habits: 'he es always clarting on' or a clarty job ( a messy job)
clamming – starving for food or drink
chun – taken away: 'wees chun that away'
chun up – pleased: 'he es chun up wid'
chollers – double chin or underneath comb of a cock or hen
chops – jaws
clag – stick
claggy – sticky, adhesive
claggum – toffee made with treacle
claggy – very sticky
clagger – jolly person who does not stand on ceremony
clemmed – pinched with hunger; very hungry
clocker – a broody hen
cleg – a horse fly
corve – wicker basket once used in coal mines prior to the tub era.
corve – to undercut coal about to be blasted down
clash – gossip, as: I'll not believe it, it's just a lot of clash
clashing – gossiping
clash – a noise as 'divvent clash the door'
Clowie – happy as Clowie; a drunken cobbler's wife
clatter – a loud noise
clattering – shifting s.thing with a lot of noise
clais – clothes
close – sultry
cowl – to rake over
coin – to turn or steer in gradually from the straight
crunch – crush a hard substance with the teeth
coign – a right angle corner of a building
coo – cow
couter – a knife like fitting on front of a plough to cut the sod; a blunt knife is said to be as blunt as a couter
cod-up – to level anything by propping up with wood
coddin – to pull your leg
cogley – unsteady, likely to fall
cockley – an easily turned stomach
crowdy – oatmeal poroidge made by pouring boiling water on the meal
cracket – a low stool; a pit craket [sic] is a low stool the hewer sits on while undercutting or corvng the coal before blasting.
clicked – to catch or snatch
caller –a knocker up
crack – conversation, news
cramley – uncertain on foot: 'he walks verra cramley'
craws – crows
cocked his toes – has died
creddle – cradle
Cud – short for Cuthbert
cuddy – donkey
cuddy-wifted – left handed
cowie-handed – left handed
couped over - upset
couped – swopped, exchanged
crusses – crusts of bread
chafts – the cheeks
chipped – tripped: 'chipped his sel up'
conies – rabbits
clouts – clothes; also a blow, as 'I'll clout thi lug'
craw – to crow
chow – to chew
clap-benny – children in arms are told to clap benny – to clap their hands
clog – a lump of wood as Yule clog
cowt – colt
crack – a bat or a blow
croft – a small field near a house
crouse – lively, in good spirits: 'he was gay crouse when he had a bit of brass'
cud – to curdle; fondle
cuddle – to embrace
cavil – a working place in a coal mine, selected by drawing a number from a closed receptacle
champyen – champion
cheep – chirp
chairl carrier – a tale teller
claw-hammer coat – tailcoat
clechen of eggs – a setting of eggs
cankery water – impure, poisonous water
cushat – a wood pigeon
custock – the stalk of a cabbage
chaff – husks of corn
chap – fellow
claise – clothes
claut – to snatch at
cleeding – covering
clippers – shears
collie – sheep dog
corbie – carrion crow
creel – basket
cronie – an intimate friend
cock – to erect
crud – to curdle
canna – cannot
carling – a brown pea, fried in rum and eaten on Carling Sunday

D
daft – foolish or silly
dee – to die
dee – do
deed – dead
deef – deaf
delve – to dig
doff – to put off
don – to put on
dossent – drunk or foolish
dother – to shake or tremble; to anyone getting a fright: 'that's put the dothers on him'
dour – sour looking, forbidding
dowly – lonely, melancholy looking
dreepin – dripping with water
droket – drenched
drucken - drnuken
Dorm - Durham
duds – clothes
dunno – do not
dyke – hedge or wall
drooned – drowned
daddin – daddin the pit clais is beating them against a wall
dut – bowler hat
divint – don't
dickerses – school children in trials of strength jumping over hedges, ditches, walls or water
dad – to shake or dash clothes against a wall
ducket – a pigeon house
dunched – to bump into with force
duffer – dull; not a tryer – 'Mind thou was a duffer at school'
daffley – silly, daft
dovered off – fell asleep
dinna dee that – don't do that
dinna forget – don't forget
dook – to dip the head in water
doggered – to lose all
dorst – dare
dummicks – to beat; a punishment
doot – doubt
dinnit – don't
deeth – death
dorsent – dare not
diddint – did not
dab hand – capable or efficient worker: 'He's a dab hand at it'
dussons – dozens
duzzie – dizzy
dinky – neat or trim
dowie – faded or sad
doylt – stupid
dry – thirsty
duddy – shabby
duds- garments
dunt – blows, knocks
dowdy – dressed shabbily
dunch – to bump, as: 'Divint let them waggons dunch'
dunched – to bump into with force
ducket – a pigeon house
drookit – very wet
Devil's picture book – card
Daddie – Father
deave – to deafen
didd[l]e – to jog, or fiddle
din – row, or loud sound
drauged – wet, drenched
discomboblerated – at a loss for words' discomfiture [sic]
dabd – dabbed
dipness – depth
doon – down
dremt – dreamed
dee'd – did it

E
efter – after
egg on – to excite or provoke
eer – year
ee, een – eye, eyes
esh – the ash
ettle – intend; to arrange or scheme beforehand
eating house – cafι
esteed – instead
eranged – arranged
eerie – dismal; producing a superstitious feeling of dread
ewae – away
eguain – again
etten – eaten
enuf – anough
ether – adder

F
freeton – frighten
fair – very: 'Aw's fair lost'
fash – to trouble; anyone getting into trouble is said to be had in fash
femmer – weak or delicate
fernenst – opposite to
fettle – to repair or mend; also used as a salutation: 'what fettle the day'
few – used adjectivally, as: 'a few broth'
flayed – frightened; very frightened: 'Aa's flayed to deed' (death)
flee – to fly; also the house fly
flooer – flower
fond – foolish or daft
fother – to feed or bed up cattle
frum – from
firing – throwing, as: firing stones
foumart – the polecat or foul-martin
frae, frev – from
fresh – well in health and spirits
frind – friend
fainty bout – fainted or dizzy
flags – paving stones or pavement
foisty – bad or smelling sour and mouldy
fizzled out – the end
fullick – with great force; in playing some marble games one player will say to the other 'Ne fullicking'
fower – four
fund – found
foxing – deceiving
fadge – a loaf baked on an a flat cake tin about 15 dia[meter], and 3 or 4 inches thick
fliggied – when young birds leave the nest it is said to be fliggied
fosey – half rotten vegetable
fix fax – gristley sinew
fissing – a person fussing about without aim or reason
feelens – feelings
fokes – folks
floorshoas – flowershows
fuace – face
flipe – brim of a hat
fiten – fighting
fyel – fool
fair – real
fairly – entirely, completely
forbears – forefathers
forbye – besides
furrs – furrows
fullen – full tub
fend – to look after oneself: 'Let him fend for isell'
flusher – a squib that fails to do its work
fower- four
flackered – about finished, paid
flacker – to flicker; to flag; to flinch back
faddom – fathom
fidge – to fidget
flannen – flannel
flity – unreliable; unsteady; giddy
feld – felled
fettild – fettled, made
flud – flood
feulling – snareing [sic] birds by means of a call bird and bird-limed twigs
fuddled – drunk
freeten'd - frightened

G
gowk – a foolish fellow
gam – game
gan, gannen – go, going
garth – a small enclosed yard as Staggarth Stack Yard
gav – gave
gay – very, as, a gay few is a large number
getten – gotten
gibby stick – a walking stick with a bent handle
girn – to grin or grimance [recte, grimace]
glowerin – staring
gob – the mouth
gollerin – shouting loudly
graithe – to make ready; a workman making ready will say 'I'm in for a grathing shift'
grozers – gooseberries
grund – the ground
gallaces – braces
galloway – pony
gully – carving knife
gaffer – foreman
gobby – cheeky, impudent
glee-eyed – cross-eyed
gan on – go away
gliff – sudden fright
glaky – foolish behaviour or talk
gam-on – fun; fight or frolic
gis a low – give me a light
gannen yam - going home
gove – space in coal seam after coal has been extracted
gripe – garden fork
gurney – to steal marbles
gee – stubborness; unmanageable, as 'he teuk the gee'
gammel – gamble: 'gammel me pay ont'
goon – gown
grunge – growl
gotherly – gently
gulpin – fool or silly man
gorth – a hoop
gumption - understanding, as: 'Have you no gumption'
gait – manner, way or road
gear – tools to work with; goods or wealth
get – child
girdle – a round plate of thin iron for baking cake on a fire
gist – give it to me
grape – to grope
geen – given
gaup – to stare vacantly
gob – mouth; as a threat: 'I'll skelp thi gob'
gar – to make, compell
grunstone – grindstone
gansey – jersey
glishy – very bright: 'It looks a bit glishy this morning'
greet – great
gud – good
getin – getting
get thi pipe – take a rest, or wait a while
get thi blaw – to take a rest, to regain your breath
Gyetside – Gateshead
groonungin – growling; when a dog or cat utters a low growl it is said to be groonungin
gill – half pint

H
hap, happed up – wrap, wrapped up
hard – heard
haud – to hold
haver – oats
had on – to hold back; stop
had up – ease up; to be brought before the Court
had the hand – wait a minute
hacky – dirty, filthy
heckberry – the birdcherry
hemmele – a cowshed
hesp – a hasp or sneck
het – hot
hev – to have
hing – to hang
hinney, honey – a term of endearment
hoggers – pit hoggers, shorts miners wear in the pit
humleck – a hillick [hillock]
hang – a rabbit snare
hoose – house
howk – to dig or scoup [sic] out
howl – hollow
how-way – come away
huffed – offended
hug – to carry
hike – to jerk a child up or down
hikey – a see-saw
hang-up – to agree to share
harn – coarse cloth or jute
harp on – complain repeatedly
hinderence [sic] – a hinderence is a person who keeps you back
hoy – throw out: 'hoy it away'
hoyers – the two pennies thrown in the air in the game of Pitch and Toss
howlets – owls
hempy – impy, mischievous
high shinie – high silk hat
heronsew – heron
had away man – go away man
hind – farm servant
had on – to hold back; stop
how way – to come along
hitchy bays – hopscotch
hitchy dabber – flat disc usually the bottom of a jam jar used in playing hopscotch
hen cree – hen house
hed – have it
hunkers – the buttocks; hunker sliding – to slide in a crouching position
hidey hole – hiding place
heck nor gee – go neither right or left; stubborn
hite – height
hoons – hounds
hing – to hang
hagg – ugly old woman
han – hand
heck – an exclamation of surprise
hash – a poor job, spoiled: 'thou myed a hash of that'
heughs – low lying land by the side of a river
heck – an exclamation of surprise
heft – haft
heuk – a hook
hitch – a loop or knot
harn – coarse cloth, hessian
harp on – always complaining
heart rendering – heart-rending
hyte – mad: 'he is right up a hyte'
hyem – home
hey or hoy – loud shout to draw attention
hoo – how
hard up – no money
hag – a pit on the moors, as, peat-hag

I
intiv – into
iverly – always
ivver – ever
ivvery – every
I'd as leaf – I'd as soon
I'd leefer – I'd sooner
in a boggle – in a difficulty
i'the…. - in the back shift [etc.]
iperence – appearance
ither – other
itsel – oitself
itenshin – attention
ispied – espied
in the family way – pregnant
inpident fond – very cheeky
inpident – impudent
idee – idea
I's – I am
ist – are you

J
jiggery pokery – underhand tricks or rogery [sic]
jogley – shaky
jowl – to test roof in pit by sound with a stick tapped against the roof, also used as a threat: 'A'l jowl tha if tho dossent shut up'
jaup – a blow
jauping – at Easter, paste eggs (hard boiled dyed eggs) are knocked together end on, the loser is the one whose egg is broken; also used as a threat: 'A'l jarp the just now'
jeest – joist
joory – jury
jinny houlet – the owl
jerry – a public house with a beer licence only
Jonner – John
jealoused – anticipated, as 'Aw jealoused it would happen'

K
keeal pot – pan used for making broth
keeam – comb
ken – to know people or places
kep – to catch; the keps at a pit shaft hold the cage in position while the full tubs are replaced by empty ones
ken speckled – known by some particular mark or colouring in the coat of an animal
kest up – something lost that has been found is said to have [been] kest or kessen-up
ket – filth or rubbish; ketty stuff is impure food or anything that has gone bad
kist – a box or chest as meal kist, or deputy's (underground official) kist (chest)
kittlin – kitten
kittle – unsafe, as: 'it's stannen very kittle'
kittling – tickling
kizzened – burnt or dried up in cooking, as: 'it's all kizzened up'
knap – a blow; to strike
knaw – to know
kye – cows
kyte – the abdomen
kellick – a bird just out of the egg
kink – a twist in a coil of rope that would severely damage it if pulled tight
kink – a fit of temper in which a child holds its breath while crying
kit – a wood tub in which a pitman washed, when he came home from the pit
kenner – the time the pit finished work for the day
kennen - altered, as: 'thoo growen oot o kennen' [strictly kennin' is 'recognition']
kneef – the closed fist
keeker – foreman who deals with the coal when it arrives at bank
kitty – the money in a gambling game; a place where money is kept
knacky kneed – knock-knees
kild – killed
keuked – cooked
kin – kind
keckle – to laugh
knapping hammer – for breaking stone
knapted – hit: 'that's knarped him'
kept knacking – kept very busy
kilt – to tuck up
kimmer – a gossiping old woman
kisser – the mouth
keukt – cooked
keep ahaad – when two pitman part one will generally say 'Keep ahaad'. This remark goes back to the days when pitmen travelled the pit shaft with one leg in a loop and holding on to the rope with the hands. When men were about to descend the banksman would say 'There's away, keep ahaad' and 'keep ahaad' has survived form the early days of coal mining and is now used as a parting remark.
kitty-cat – tipcat; a game played with a sharpened piece of wood and a stick to make it bounce.

L
lang – long
larn – to learn
lap – wrap: 'lap (wrap) it up'
lay away – a hen that lays its eggs away from its house
leed – lead [the metal]
let on – to meet or fall in with a person; also used if anyone tells something to another he wants kept quiet he will say 'divint let on to anybody'
let wit – to make known if not wanted to be known: 'divint let wit' [with it]
leuk – look
lick – to beat with blows
ling – the heather
lode – load
lisson – listen
leevan – leaving
lilting – singing
licked – beat
lough – a lake
lintee – the linnit: 'he sings like a lintee'
limmers – limbers, cart like shafts to clip on to a pit tub so that the pony can pull them: 'ne ridin on the limmers' –. a warning to driver laddies in the pit. Used as a term of ridicule: 'thou's gannen about like a pair of brokken limmers' meaning a pair of broken limbers are no use for their purpose.
lieve – as soon: 'Ah wad as lieve walk as ride'
lish – active, supple in mustle [sic]; lively, spritchy
liver – to deliver
lonnon – a lane
lowe – a light, as: 'gis a lowe (light) marra (mate)'
lowse – loose; to loosen
lug – the ear
laft – laughed
luckt – looked
light – queer; slightly insane, as: 'hees gannen a bit light'
lum- chimney
lop – a flea; loppy-lousey
linings – underpants
looksta – look you
lurkey – clumsey
lang legged tallear [taylor?] – daddy long legs
leet – light
loft – upper floor
laddie – a young lad
laggan – covering
lang – long
lowence – allowence [sic]
len – lend
leuk – look, appearance
liein – telling lies
lowpen – leaping
lops and lice – the seeds inside the rose hip
laid double way into him – a pit saying for anyone who has been found fault with or told off
laffin – laughing
leeven – leaving
leeves – lives [verb]
leetnin – lightning
laelock – lilac

M
myek – make
mair – more
Mally – Mary
marrer – when two men work together, each calls the other his marrow
meer – a mare
mell – a wooden or iron hammer with a long handle
mennen – minnow
menceful – decent; tidy
medder – meadow
minch – mince
minch pie – mince pie
mistetch'd – defect of temper in horse or cow
mittens – gloves without fingers
mizzle – a fine small rain
mizzling on – continuing with fine rain
minchmeat – micemeat
misell – myself
miraculuss – miraculous
medsun – medicine
mawk – maggot
monny – many
mucky – dirty or muddy
marky – markey cheese – maggotty cheese; also used to mean germs on hands or feet: 'get yer marky hands washed'
mun – must, shall
mush – slush or wet dirt
mysel – myself
mizzled off – gone away
mind – to remember
midden – place of muck or refuse
middling – fairley [sic] well or moderate
moonlight flit – to move by night or moon without paying the rent or letting anyone know
midgey – open fronted lantern once commonly used in the pit. A knat [gnat]
messing about – interfering with: 'he'es always going messing about'
mash – to make tea is said to be 'mashin the tea'
mortallious – very drunk: 'if we stop in this pub we're gan er get mortallious'
me – my
muggles – marbles
met – a measurement; all the same length
maister – master
mak a lowe – make a light
mooth – mouth
mang – among
maist – almost
men – mend
mist – missed
midgey – knat [gnat]
minni – lowest wage for a coal hewer: 'Aa['s] on the minni'
makken gam – pretending
mould – earth
mould-rat – mole
muaik – make
meat – food
maisor – queer or excentric person
mistress – Mrs
muggy – game played with a lighted lantern called 'Jack shine the muggy (light)'
montoneous – monotomas [sic]
maw – my
menage man – travelling draper or salesman
manteel – mantle
misteuk – mistook
metter – a measure in a quoit game
mony – many
moop – moody, sour looking
muaik – make
meg – halfpenny
midden steed – an open ashpit
mun-na – must not
mek – make
mekken – making
mebbies – maybe
marcykree – massacre
mistyun – mistaken
myun – moon
maircht – marched
metter – measurer. If a dispute arises in a quoit match as to which quoit is nearest the hob, the man who measures them is called the Metter
mizzled off – gone away
musikor – musician

N
naff – nave or boss of a wheel
naup – to strike
ne – no
neb – bird's bill
neuk – nook, corner
neet – night
nettled – provoked
nibor – neighbour
nivver – never
nobbit – only, except
nowder, nowther - neither
nowt – nothing; worthless fellow
nut – not
nowling – constant pain bad to bear
nowled – a person kept down by bullying is said to be 'nowled down'
nowt – a good for nothing fellow is discribed [sic] as a 'nowt'
nigh hand gannen – a shorter or easier road
nevvy – nephew
natchral – natural
nab – catch
nowt flash – not very well or not satisfactory
nebbing – courting or flirting
norration – a great noise, row or confusion
nab – 'A'l nab thi' (I'll catch you)
noatessed – noticed
naws – knows
nolidge box – the head
nickin – a cutting
nick – to mark notches
nick-nacks – curiosities
nits – lice eggs
nieves – fists
nyem – name
ner – than: 'mair ner that'
na – not; no
neebody – nobody
nane – none
nag – horse
natch – hold or grip
nigh hand as bad – nearly as bad
neet – night
noct – knocked
noodle – a volunteer horse soldier
nettie – an earth closet, probably derived from 'house of necessity'; a w.c.
nessie – similar meaning [to above]
nailed – caught: 'Aa nailed him'
ner de weel – a good for nothing fellow
needle full o' thread – a threaded needle
nickering laugh – a silly laugh when a person is thought no to be telling the truth
nivvor – never
nag – a horse
naf – the nave or hub of a wheel
nimmel – nimble
nudged – to get ayone's attention by a push with the elbow

O
on – of: 'they mak a deeal on him'
onny – any
oot – out; ootbye – going towards the shaft
owe – own: 'whee owe it'
ower – over
oxter – the armpit
oxter bun – stiff arms
oapind – opened
old standard – a well known inhabitant who has lived most of his life in the district
o't [on't?] – of it
oursels – ourselves
owre – over
obstrockolos – clumsy, nosiy, awkward: 'divint be see onstrockolos'

P
pipe stopple – a broken clay pipe stem
pan – to fit or agree with: 'he pans weel tiv his wark'
peer – a pear
pash - a heavy fall of rain: 'a plash of rain'
plet – to plait
plowder – to walk or plunge amongst snow
podge – to stir the fire violently
powny – pony
pund – a pound
punfaad – pinfold
paishantly – patiencely [sic]
Pitmatic – pitman's dialect
penker – iron ball used to play some marble games
puttyweight – balance
pasty looking – pale looking
powl – pole
plote - pluck
put the bait up – to prepare a meal to be taken to the pit
peeper – the eye
powther – powder
powthery – powdery
prigged – stolen
prig – a thief
paddock stools – toadstools
pawkie – hard to please with food
pigeon toed – toes turned in
pent – paint
proggle – prickle: 'keep away from them whins or tho'll get proggled'
progger – tool used in making mats
proggy mat – mat made with a progger and cloth clippings
proggley – the hedgehog
prishen – perishing [i.e. cold]
peeweep – plover
pluffen – blowpipe made for the hollow stem of the hemlock, haws for pellets
pop alley – glass marble taken from a pop or lemonade bottle
prambulation – perambulation
pee-dee – small marble or small man
prairs – prayers
prisint – present
portmantle – portmantau [sic]
putin – put
paun – pawn
pultry - poultry
paipor – paper
polis – pleeceman [sic]
plaid – played
plue – plough
parseveer – persevere
poors – powers
posie – flower[s]
plodge – to paddle
plenished – stocked
pouts – young hens that have not yet begun to lay
paddock – frog
pinched – stolen
paw – hand: 'gie a wag of the paw' means shake hands
pastor – pasture
pultry – poultry
plumper – if a voter in an election has a number of votes and gives them all to one candidate he is said to have given hima plumper
paid – to be beaten in a fight. A man fatigued would say 'Aw's fair paid' meaning all in.
poss tub – a wood barrel in which clothes are washed by beating the with a poss stick, probably nemed by the sound it makes
possticke – the stick used as above, has a wide base and a crosshead handle

Q
quessing – seeking confirmation: 'we've neem quessing him'
quod – gaol
quoin – a corner of a building
quean – a young woman
quack doctor – a sham doctor

R
ram – acrid, often applied to rancid butter or partly rotten cheese
rang – wrong
rax – to stretch
reever – a Border robber
reed – red
reens – reins
reesty – rancid generally applied to bacon
reet – right
reshes – rushes
ridden comb – a dressing comb
rist – rest
rive to tear
rowen – the mountain ash
rud – to mark to stain red
russel – wrestle
riddy – ready
rib – to be the winner in a fight: 'he ribbed him'
roven off – torn off
rantin – noisy
Ranter – noisy Methodist name usually given to P.M's [Primitive Methodists]
rash – to come out in spots, as: 'she['s] all out in a rash'
roosty – rusty
roupie – hoars with a cold
rued – not satisfied: 'I rued of me bargin' [strictly, to regret]
randie – quarrelsome person: 'she's a proper randie'
ramlin – rambling
ragweed – the ragwort
rakes – roams: 'he is always raking about'
rendering – scraps of fat meat melted down to get fat to bake with
rammel – stone that gets mixed with coal in the pit
roundy coal – large lumps of coal
rodney – a worthless fellow, a neer-de-weel [sometimes a homeless person, a tramp, JW]
roddening – to live rough and beg for a living
reest – horse that will not go or work: 'the horse hes tuan the reest'
reek – smoke; the pitman calls the smoke from his shot, powder reed
ructions on – high words, quarrels or fights
raa - row of houses
reckling – the smallest and weakliest pig in a litter
rowl – roll; fall
roand – roan
rossle – resin
rid up – to tidy a room or a place
ridden – to clear a place through [to] an old working
reeaming on – always complaining
roon – round
rapped him to bank – a pit saying for anyone who has been reprimanded or told off
reet – right
rowl yer powleys – to roll over and over sideways
rapscallion – a wild uncertain fellow
raker – swift moving is said to be 'going a raker'; anything used quickly, as: 'mind thou['ll] gone a raker with them'
rozzler – hot; a hot day would be described as a rozzler

S
sackless – silly, lacking sense
saff – the willow tree
sair – very: 'Ah's sair tired', 'Ah's sair paid'; sore
sair – a sore
sall – shall
sang – song
sarrow – to serve
sannot – shall not
sark – a shirt
sattle – to settle
settle – a seat, long-settle
saw – to sow
scadd – to scald
scraffle – 'to scraffle on' is applied to anyone who seems to work hard but gets little done
scrat – to scratch
sappy – land wet or bog like
sweer – swear
syne – since
swathe – the grass cut and laid by the scythe
strite – straight
sweltered – to be overpressed with heat
slaverin – soft, silly
spelk – splinter of wood
sneck – latch
scallions – spring onions
shades – window curtains
slurch – to trail the feet
splaw-footed – feet wide apart
spliced – married
slop – policeman
sheffioneer – box or secret bed
shuggy – ride on a swing
shuggy-shoos – swing boats
sistha – look here, or this way
spuggy – sparrow
scrat – applied to anyone who has a hard struggle as: 'she had a bonny scrat to bring them bairns up' or 'they've had a bonny scrat to pay their way'
scrowlin – a term of disdain, vexed look: 'what's tha scrowlin at'
scumfish – to suffocate
seck – sack or poke
seck – anyone given notice at once from work is said 'to have got the seck'
seet – sight
sen – since
shack – shake
shaf – sheaf
sham – shame
staup – to step heavily with the feet, as: 'he is gannen stauping aboot'
steg – a gander
stob – a short stick with a sharp point
stour – dust or smoke
strang – strong
streean – strain
streened – strained
strinkle – to sprinkle
stub – to cut off the roots, as: 'to stub a hedge'
sud – should
sue – sow
swag – to sway or bend down, as 'it's swaggering down at the back end'
sweal – to waste away, as a candle in a draught
shap – shape; 'neither shap nor mak' (anything ugly or out of shape)
shive – slice: ' a shive of bread'
shool – shovel
sic – such
sike like – such like
sile - a milk strainer
sind – to rince [sic] or wash
sipe – to leak or ooze out; anyone getting very wet is said to be 'siping set'
skeel – a wooden vessel for holding water
skelp – to slap with the hand: 'I'll skelp (slap) the lug (ear)'
skelp – hard going, as: 'skelpin away'
skrike – to screeth [screech?]
sned – to cut off, as 'sned thisel a bit off there'
slot – to bolt, as 'Put the bolt in the slot'
sook – to suck
soss – when one falles heavily 'he cum doon with a bonny soss'
sossengers – sausages
souple – supple
spak – speak
speean – spoon
sprag – to brake wheel by using iron or wood stave between the spokes thereby preventing it from revolving
spreckled – speckled
spurlin – wheel rut
stean – stone
slack – a hollow between two hills
slaistern – trailing along behind
slape – slippery
slaw – slow
sled – sledge
slipe – to cut of peel off; sometimes used as a threat, as 'A';; gie the a slipe ea the lug' (ear)
slirp – to make a noise with the lips when drinking
slocken – to quench; often used on buildings, as 'slocken the line' i.e. quick lime
smally – small
smittle – infectious; anyone infectious is said to have 'got the smit'
snag – to lop off branches
short or shart – shirt
stot – bounce
stotty kep – to catch a ball on the rebound
stramped on – stepped on
stuain – stone
seun – soon
shogils – icecicles [sic]
stais – corsets
sowl – soul
scrammled – scrambled
scud – a blow: 'I'll gie him a good scudding when I catch him'
sowljors – soldiers
shimmie – shift or shirt
snoot – snout, the nose
sais – says
swallow – lapped coat, tailcoat
seet – seat
sang – song; the word is also used as an aoth – my sangs [!]
snot – mucus from the nose
spit an image – likeness, as: 'he'es the spit an image of him'
split – inform, as: 'mind thoo dosent split on him'
strag – a stay pigeon
skemmy – a young pigeon not yet pen-feathered
skint – no money, lost all or cleaned out
snot – soot on a candle wick or lamp, as: 'snuff the candle'
snotty – bad tempered, or gives a short reply
smatch – a bad taste in eating: 'that meat['s] got a smatch with it'
sconce – a sly action
skyul – school
scringe – to grind the teeth
shine a low – shine a light
scrush – crush
scad – scald
setisfied – satisfied
summerset – summersalt [sic]
shoor – sure
shoor – shower
stew – bother or trouble: 'yer all in a stew'
strive – try
schoolin – learning
scriechin – screeching
scrimpy – scanty
shaver – a wag
shoon – shoes
sowther – solder
stitlt – hande, as a barrow stilt
sugh – a rumbling sound
slaveron – soft, silly
set on – burnt to bottom of pan, stopped growing
shiverun bout – a shivering fit
spelk – a splinter of wood that has stuck into the skin; a small person
scarrmey – half done, roughly: 'thou made a scarmey job of that'
slog – flog away at work
strap – beer on tick; strap chalked up against the customer
snecklifter – the price of a drink to get into a pub; once in the rest was easy in getting drinks
stinging ether – the dragon fly
springey – mean, greedy and near
stotty kyek – a flot oven yeasty cake
striddle – to strand with legs apart
striddlers – sticks in a bird trap, or three strong poles in the for of a triangle bolted at the top for lifting heavy loads by means of a black and tackle
sumors – summers
suiam – same
sma – small
soor – sour
sconce – sly action
sairly – sorely; very trying
sconds – cakes
scrimpy – sparingly
sel – self
sellt – sold
shaul – shawl
shaver – a wag
sheuk – shook
skirl - to shrieck [sic]
slee – sly; clever
sleeest – slyest
snaw – snow
sneck – the latch on the door
souple – supple
staynes – tones
smoored – smothered
skimpy – mean and greedy, or short as: 'the frock's very skimpy'

T
taistrel – an idle fellow, good for nothing
tak – take
tan – to thrash: 'I'll tan the hide if A catch tha'
teauf – tough
teem – to pour out: 'teem the tea out'
tew – to fatigue: 'I'm sair tewed wi the bairn', 'It's been a tewing job'
theer – there
thir – those
thow – thaw
thrang – busy: 'we ar [sic] very thrang at our house the day'
thraw – throw
threed – thread
thud – noice [sic] caused by a blow
tinks – gypsies, tinkers
tied te knaw – bound to know
tot – a gill
Tot – short for Thomas
Tommer – short for Thomas
thonder – yonder
taytees – potatoes
tabs – vigarettes
tip-up – give up, as 'he tipped up his pay' or 'he tipped the lot up'
thropples – the throat
tyed – toad
tommy shop – a tommy shop was a shop run by some colliery managers where a pitman was compelled to buy his groceries. The cost of these goods was deducted from the miner's pay note before he received his wages. Tommy Shop Row.
thunnder –thunder
tied – obliged: 'he's tied to gan'
tike – a mischievous youth
timmer – timber
tite – as soon: 'Ah'd as tite gan this way as that'
to-morn – tomorrow
toon – town
tought – taught
trimmle – to tremble
tummle – tumble
twilt –a quilt
tummeled – understand: 'Ah'd timmeled to it strite away'
thraw – to throw
tokens – pitmen's tallies
tyun – took
tyuth wark – toothache
trailing – to move with an effort: 'sum on stop trailing along'
tight – drunk: 'tight as a lord'
tung – tongue
tare on – trouble, as: 'we had a bonny tare on wid afore we got it to gan'
taakin – talking
topping – a haircut in which the hair is cut close except a tuft of hair above the forehead: this is called the topping
turn his hand to owt – this expression refers to a man who makes a workmanlike job of anything he takes in hand
tappy-lappy – head over heals [sic]
tittie bottle – an infant's feeding bottle
dumb tit – a teat not attached to a bottle
tuem 'un – empty; usually pronounced chum-un; the usual name for an empty pit tub
trasshing – tiring: 'mind we've had a trasshing time'
twisty – grumbling: 'he es always twisting on'
tar – thanks; a special marble for playing shooting ring
toeing the mark – to answer for a misdeed [?]
trotters – pig or sheeps' feet
tart – a young girl
twitch bell – the earwig
twilter – large, outsize
thressed – thrashed
take alenn – borrow: 'I'll just tak alen o your spade'
tuther – other
teuk – took
think on – used to emphasise a point as: 'think on it's my ball', 'think on he'es my brother', or 'it's our house, think on', 'it's not mine think on'
tappy lappy – to move quickly, as: 'he'es off tappy lappy down the street'
tumilen – tumbling
teukt – took
told off – to be told of some unpalatable truth in no uncertain manner
thiver – a stick for lifting clothes out of a pan of boiling water. Sometimes used for correcting unruly children, as: 'if I catch you I'll give you a taste of the thiver'
thout – thought
twad – it would
teukt – took it
torned – turned
thae – they
tauken – talking
tret – treat
troon – taunt
taun – taken
tatted – matted
todlin – walking unsteadily
tout – the blast of a horn
touter – any who spied on lovers
tousled – shaggy
tyke – a vagrant dog
tyke – a shady character: 'that fellow ['s] a proper tyke'
twilter – outsize, very large
telt – told
teks after – takes after. A young child showing characteristics of ith[er] parent is said to take after
two tailed un – a wrong one. In the game of Pitch and Toss a cheating player will introduce a penny that has a tail on both sides. He backs tails knowing he is bound to win. Most of the other players are unaware of this manouvre [sic]. So from this trick a dishonest person is called a 'two tailed un'
trashing – tiring: 'we've had a trashing time'
taging – a hard arduous time at work
toop – a ram
touzle – to rumple
twee – two

U
unpossiable – impossible
uv – of
uphaud – uphold
unkers – squatting, sitting on the unkers [sic], a favorite posture of pitmen
umberal – umbrella
unkenned – unknown
useter – used to
up to the mark – well, jealthy, a job well done.

V
varra – very
vast set bi – highly thought of
vast – large number or quantity: 'there were a vast o folk there'
viewer – an obsolete term for a colliery official underground
vittels – victuals
vow – an interjection of admiration or surprise
vine pensil – lead pencil. The name vine probably refers to the unpolished cedar wood resembling the shoot of a vine. Now pencils are painted various colours covering the plain wood.
varney – very near or nearly, as: 'thou's varney ten minites late'
valy – value
vawse – vase
varmint – vermin
vally – value

W
wid – with it, as: 'what hey ye done wid'
wabble – to sway from side to side
wad – would
wake – weak
wallet – a long linen bag with the opening in the middle, used by men working away from home to carry a week's supply of food. The ends of the wallet are filled with provisions and the middle left empty, so that it can be slung over the shoulder. Once quite common but very rarely seen now. The motorbus now transports workmen to and from their work where formally [formerly] a man stayed on the job for a week owing to lack of transport.
whistle wood – shoots of the sycamore tree used by boys for making whistles
willick – whelk
washed out – pale or ill, as 'thou hes a weshed out like look'
whinging – crying
wag – playing the wag (tru[a]nt)
warsh – insipid, tasteless
wringer – mangle
waster – a worthless fellow
wark – work
warse – worse
watter – water
wee – little: 'a weeney little bit'
weel – well
weet – wet
weetin – a small rain like heavy mist: 'it's not raining just weetin on'
wesh – to wash
we'el – we shall
whaur – where
whee – who
whemmel – to empty by upsetting, as the following shows:
There was an old man of Jarrow
And he had nowt to dee
So he put his old woman in a barrow
And whemmeled her over the quay
whacking – sharing. If two persons playing in a game share their winnings they are said to be whacking
wag – tru[a]nt, as: 'playing the wag'
waddent – would not
woorm – worm; also screwed part of a hand drilling machine as used in a coal mine
whimsey – a turntable from which to uncoil a coil of rope or wire
weel put on – a well dressed person
waster – a ner de weel fellow
waffler – an inefficient workman
whats up – what's wrong
wappy – wasp
Wesleyan hammer – two-face hammer
whick – quick, alive
whiles – sometimes
whins – gorse bushes
whinge – to cry with a whining noise
whist – hush or hushed
whist up – hold your tongue
wih – with
winnot – will not
wit – with the
wivoot – without
wrang – wrong
wusset – worsted
wor – our
wad – would
weel kent – well known
weet – wet
whissle – whistle
whissel – the throat:'wet the whistle' (take a drink)
whup – a whip
wonner – wonder
worset – worsted
wrang – wrong
warnit – where [were] not
wigs – teacakes
wedging – a beating, as 'he gov him a good wedging'
wedger - anything large or outsize. The miner would say, 'mind it's a wedger'
winkers – the eyes
whack – share; when anything is shared each portion is called a whack
wivoot out – without anything
wyeken – waken
weeken – lamp or candle wick
wraxed – streatched [sic]
whats-a-ma-calli[t] – when a word is forgotton [sic], or the name of anything
wis – was
wauken – walking
wite – weight
welt – a blow: 'I'll gie tha a good welt when Aa catch tha', 'Aa gave him a welt in the lug'
ware – where
weel – wheel
weel – well
witey – weighty
wonderin – wondering
wey aye – an affirmative answer
wid – with it
wussel – whistle
wossels – ourselves
wallop – a strong blow, as 'wallop them posts in'
wow – an exclamation of surprise or wonder
wyte – to blame, as 'Thou's not gannen to put the wyte on me for this'
qye aye – yes
we – who
what cheer – a greeting
waffling aboot – a person fussing about without aim
waffler – an incompetent person
waffle – a drunken person is said to be on the waffle
waff –a puff of air
warlick – a goblin

Y
yebble – able
yacker – acre
yallow – yellow
yammer – to talk noisily: 'what ta yammering at', 'hees always yammering on'
yark – to thrash: 'thou'll get a good yarking'
yee's – ye shall
yelp – to bark
yerb – herb
yer – ye
yeuk – hook
yool – to howl: 'stop that youling'
yowe – ewe
yuvvin – oven
yair watter – heavy rain
yoke - a pony and trap
yellow yowley – the yellowhammer
yorsels – yourselves
yestie kyek – flat bread cake
yowes – ewes
yalla – yellow
yung – young
yarping – complaining, as: 'he'es always yarping on'
yiv – you
Yule-do – a cake made in the form of a man, a present to a child at Xmas; also means a present at Xmas
yammering on – to ask or complain repeatedly
yebbel – able
yan – one
yere – year
yard wand – a Deputy's stick

SIMILES


As wick as a lop
As thick as a bull's lug
As thick as thieves
As green as grass
As lousy as a cuckoo
As tender as a chicken
As sore as a bile
As cruse as a peacock
As sound as a bell
As drunk as a noodle / owl
As tight as a lord / drum
As black as a craw
As black as the ace of spades
As clean as a whistle
As flat as a pancake
As blind as a bat
As blunt as a couter
As daft as a brust
As soft as a turnip
As sweet as an apple
As pleasant as a cow's husband
As black as a nigger
As pleased as punch
As pleased as a dog with two tails
As quiet as a lamb
As steady as a rock
As bald as a coot
As bald as a bladder of lard
As thin as a lat
As fat as butter
As ugly as sin
As fresh as a daisy
As straight as a rash
As loose as watter
As clear as crystal
As blue as the sky
As fast as lightning
As smooth as silk
As fine as silk
As sharp as a needle
As strong as a bull
As sly as a fox
As hard as the hobs of hell
As grey as a badger
As hard as flint
As bitter as gall
As sweet as a rose
As green as a cabbage
As happy as a clowie
As sweet as honey
As soft as clarts / muck
As cold as ice
As cold as charity
As hot as fire
As brave as a lion
As playful as a kitten
As black as ink / midnight
As white as driven snow
As sour as a lemon
As dead as a door nail
As lively as a cricket
As awkward as a lefthanded fiddler
As clever as eggs
He drinks like a fish
He runs like a hare
He-es off like a shot
He-es off like a lamplighter
He swims like a fish
He talks like a ha-penny book
As brown as a berry
As poor as a church mouse
As spotty as a pollis
As happy as a sand boy
As happy as a pig among muck
As dry as sticks
As awd as the hills
As cauld as clay
As yellow as clay
As hard as bell metal
As hungry as a hunter
As deef as a post
He stinks like an otter
As tough as leather
Like a bull with a sair heid
Always last like the cow's tail
As white as a sheet
As easy as an old shoe
As hollow as a drum
He curses like a trooper
As hot as fire

[SAYINGS]


“He's got the dog to haad”
Anyone who has a reponsible job and has to take the rap for anything that may occur.
Dogs are sometimes awkward to hold at a coursing meeting when the quarry comes into view.

“Not Shift Wark”
A shifter (off hand man) is paid the lowest wage in the pit, so any work [outside the pit] that is poorly paid is discribed as 'Not [sic] being shift wark'.

A talkative woman with a sharp temper was said 'To have a tongue that would clip clouts.'.

A person with a miserable look is said 'To have a face like a mile of bad road'.

An unpopular person is said 'To be as weel kent in this town as a bad ha-penny'.

“Hell on at the Hobson”
In pit villages like the Hobson people were at one time much related. If two men started to fight it was not long before the whole of their relations joined in; what had started as a fight between two men developed into a riot with fights going on all over the place; such an occurrence as this was described as 'Hell on' and as the Hobson was the place where these riots were the wildest, the saying 'Hell on at the Hobson' was used to denote a disturbance that had been of the wildest character no matter where it had taken place and would be described as 'There's hell on at the Hobson over there'.

beef to the heels – generally applied to laides with thick ankles; sometimes added 'like kerry cow' or 'like a durham heifer'

Looks as if butter would not melt in the mouth – looks innocent

A stout woman was said to have a hint end like a fifty shilling galawa.

A thin man was said to be like a pair of tongs. If tall, like two yards of pump watter.

Let the Dog see the Rabbit: in rabbit coursing the dog that can see the rabbit has a better chance – when anyone has an awkward job he should be given a fair or equal chance.


APPENDED TERMS


awfully – very. This ia s much over-worked word, as 'Thanks awfully', 'awfully nice', 'awfully pretty', 'awfully dear' etc. There are many other perversions of this word.
anway – anyhow
argue the toss – a heated argument probably drived from quoit playing or pitch & toss. If a player was suspected of an unfair toss while playing either of these gaes a heated argument ensued.
afeared – afraid
arnicks – earth nuts
all the go – in the fashion
have – I have
abide….
afore – before
addle – earns
abacken – behind

a bonny lad – anyone dirty with mud or clay
britched – when a boy first wears trousers he is said to be britched
bumbaste – bombast
brave – strong, handsome
budged – stirred: 'he never budged'
blair – cry with a loud voice
blab – tell
biskit – biscuit
bonny lot better – anyone recovering from an illness is said 'to be a bonny lot better', also work.
bonnie alley – glass marble with a twisted design in the centre
barney – a row or disturbance
beastly – not nice, an abused way to describe anything that does not meet with approval
borst – burst
blaid – blade
brout – brought
bords – birds
borth – birth
body – person, as poor body, awd body
ball-alley – fives court
bum – the backside
bum – a bailiff
buckstick – a game of ball players with a ball thrown in the air by a spring contrivance and hit by a club with a long cane handle.
bullheid – tadpole
bags – the stomach
battery – embankment
busiker – a large oversized woman
baccy – tobacco
belaa – below
barry – bury
bone – question, as 'Aa boned him about it' or 'If he says that again, bone him straight away' [i.e. hit?]
blackclock – a cockroach
booled out – to leave a building hurriedly, as 'He'es just booled oot the door'
booling – a game played with a stone ball thrown underhand. the winner is the player who covers the greatest distance. One time a favourite pitman's game.
bully bacon – the young tender shoots of the wild rose bush peeled and eaten by schoolboys
bumlar – bumble bee
brassent – a cheeky impudent person
brede – bread
bubbly-jock – turkey cock
bunked up – pushed up. A child wanting something he cannot reach will say to his chums, 'giv us a bunk up'
blaa-oot – a drinking bout
blaab [sic] – to talk indiscretely or silly
brattish – a wood screen
bran new – quite new
bare buff – bare skin
bank – hill
bile – a boil, inflamed swelling: 'as sair as a bile' (very painful)
burtree - elder

commines – common marbles
crummy – lousey
canvas – floor covering
cat-haas – the fruit of the white hawthorn
clagged – to strike a sudden blow as 'he went ower and clagged him'
callithumpian – a parson asked a pitman what a callithumpian was. 'One who gets plenty of meat and drink and no grumbling' was the pitman's reply
cudint – could not
caul – call
caise – case
caiges – cages
clocker – a broody hen
clocking – a person who spends much time in a neighbour's house…or any other place is said to [be] 'always clocking in there' or 'always clocking about the place'
cadging – borrowing
candyman – a bailiff
clotting – to throw as clotting stones
cow – a device attached to the back of a set of coal tubs in a pit, to prevent any backward movement should the rope break or become detached.
cuts in – put the cuts in is a form of lottery to decide anything where a decision is not fair to all. It is usually worked by sticks of different lengths held in the hand with the ends even. The one picking the shortest gets his choice; or marks put on a piece of wood with numbers on the opposite side – the lowest to decide the winnder or loser
cavil – a ballot by which the working places in a pit are allotted
chuckies – hens
canch – the sill of a narrow coal seam which has to be removed before any more coal can be hewed
cotterels – money
cubbart,- cupboard
curns – currants
chowked - choked
click – clutch, as 'he would have fallen if he hadent clicked the rail'
cheese & bread – the Spring leaves of the hawthorn
cleg – horse fly
chin ender – upper-cut [blow]; also a name given to a beard grown on the chin end
chocklid – chocolate
cabbidge – cabbage
cop – captured
cubberd – cupboard
cap – amasement
clap – fasten; also sit down quickly; act hurriedly
chuck – throw
conshince – sonscience
codney – clay marble
cushy coo lady – the lady bird
chimla – chimney
confab – conversation
cairt – cart
ceukt – cooked
chunter – grumbling and complaining
clip – to strike, as 'clip yer lug'; to sheer sheep
canny bit sin – a long time ago

dolled – struck as 'Shift that or it will be falling doon and dolling tha'
devil – a device for detatching a rope from a set of coal tubs whilst in motion
dull o hearing – hard of hearing
doated – very fond of as 'he fair doats on the bairn'
doating – an old person with childish ideas is said to be doating
dickies – head lice
dickey – a coller [sic] and front combined to be worn with an ordinary shirt
daffododilly – daffodill
Doad – George
dollying – blasing down the coal without dunercutting; in pit parlance, dolly shutting
dykes – hedges dividing one field from another
drive me past mesell – drive me mad. Anyone viexed or annoyed by the conduct of another will say 'If you go on line this you'll dirve me past mesell'
deaved – deafened

floo – flew
feul – fool
firzzled hair – frizzy hair
felly – wooden felloe or rim of cart wheel
faalin – falling
fadge – round loaf baked on a flat tin
frenchie – any bird of the finch species
fyace in – tow men standing facing each other as near as possible singing different songs trying to stopone or the other singing his song.
fratching – quarrelling; fault finding

goggraphey – geography
gobby tyed – a cheeky impudent child
get wrong – will be punished
grosser – grocer
giz – give
grummle – grumble
grey-hen – stone earthenware bottle
gaff – a cheap place of entertainment as 'a penny gaff'
glaikey – giddy
gollered – shouting: 'what's the gollering at?'

had on – hold on, stop, wait, as 'had on a bit' (wait a bit)
hails fra – belong to, as 'where does he hail fra?'
hankey pankey – conjuring. Used as a saying meaning no [to] underhand work as, 'Mind nane of thi hanky pankey tricks'
hing-lugged – a slovenly dirty slow-moving fellow
haad yer gob – shut your nouth, be quiet
hansum – handsome
hilthy – healthy
hord – heard
hipping – baby napkins
hissel – himself
houk – a beating: 'he gave him a good howking'. To dig
hang – a rabbit snare.
heid – head
hippen – baby's napkin
Henner – Henry
hemel – a cattle shed
howk – dig
hissell – himself
hellcats – mischievous children
hed – have it, as 'you hed'
halvers – divide in halfs, as, 'we'll gan halvers'. Children finding anything will say 'ne halvers'
hena – have not
hacky – filthy
hitchy bays – hop scotch

lee – lie
loggerheids – moths
leather – ladder
larnin – learning

pinney – pinafore or apron
pasties – the feet
penker – small iron ball used in playing marble games
brambulater – perambulater
powder reek – smoke caused by firing a blasting shot in the mine
paddingean – a tramps' lodging hosue used to describe a dirty or untidy house
pantomime pollis – comic policeman who plays in a pantomime
pictors – pictures
Prodistant – Protestant
pryvit – private
pleeshor – pleasure
pauped – struck or hit
playing the band – making unnecessary fuss

rowen-tree – mountain ash, witchwood
rist – wrist
ruinated – destroyed
rare – splendid
rid – rode
raw gobbed – cheeky and impudent

seed – saw
set his gob up – a cheeky impudent person is said [to] 'set his gob up'
scrush – cruch
scabby nannie – current loaf
spice cake – fruit loaf
striten – straightened
strites – equal. When a person pays a debt, he will say 'we're strites noo'
summit – something
soft – silly
shutten – shot: 'he'es shutten a rabbit'
skeets – guides for cages in a pit shaft; also ice skates
snoot – nose
studden – stood
sook – suck
sooker – an iron plate fitted to an old fashioned kitchen range to restrict the flue opening
sloven – a dirty untidy person; [plus] slovenly job
stoothing – wood and plaster partichons [sic]
spice whigs - teacakes
spoats – eaves gutter
swapes – tub rails bent to go round a turn are called 'a pair of swapes'; anything bent as part of a circle is said to be 'on the swape'
stowboard – an old working in a coal mine into which refuse is put
scrammelled – scrambled
shuggar – sugar
syep – soap
syek – sake
scraffle – climb
straringin [recte, stravingin] – wandering
shanna – shall not
stuil – stool
scadded – scalded
sike – sush [recte, such]
snib – window fastener
sappy – soft and muddy
swally – swallow; throat
shakey down – a bed on the floor
shem – shame
stord – stirred
sudint – suddent [sic]
smasht – smashed
swaddy – foot solider
siveral – several
sluthery – soft, muddy, as very soft melting snow, slushy
snots – mucus from the nose
speshlee – especially
slept the caller – did not waken soon enough to go to work
stopped his tap – when a publican refuses to fill any more drink to an inebriated person, he is said 'to have stopped his tap' [also to refuse credit?]
starvation – used to denote hunger as 'A'm starving wi hunger' (not cold)
snadger – raw turnip
slab-dabbing – painting railings or walls with coal tar
shades – curtains
slush hewer – a hard working coal-hewer
shade – shed, as 'hay shade', 'cart shade' etc.
scumfished – suffocated
shutty in – a marble game in which each player shoots his alley into a ring to try to knock out other marbles in the ring
shorley – to play your marbles with a gliding motion is described as shorleing
stythe – bad air in mine
swig – a long drink
strang – strong
sponging – living by begging or cadging
stumour – a queer or shy person, as 'mind, he'es a stumour'
shemmed – ashamed
scalapen – hewing coal by hand
sqelching [sic] – sound made by walking through thick mud or water as 'he went squelching strite thro there'
screen – 'Aal not screen (excuse) him'
snaffling – sniffling
stiffy-cate – certificate
spifflicated – beaten up
spurtle – a cake turner made of wood with a handle on one end. The other end is tapered to a fine edge.
spile – a vent peg in a barrel
spiling – shoring up a loose place or fall in a coal mine
spigot and [f]awsit – a mining term for joining pypes
stub and feathers – stub is a wedge to be driven in between two tapered round side wedges inserted in a hole to burst rock apart
summic – something

tilings – a name given to all kinds of roof coverings
forward – cheeky
forad – forward
taws – a leather strap, one end cut into four tails. Used for chastizing unruly children
tommy-shop – a shop at which a miner was compelled to buy his provisions
tommy-hack – a combined hammer and chisel-ended pick used by wagonwaymen
thraw up - vomiting
thrawn ower – upset
tredgee – a plate spun on the rim has to be caught by a player whose number is called by the spinner; if he fails to catch it before it falls flat he loses.

FURTHER SAYINGS

A man who works hard is said 'to be gannin a it like a dog at broth'.

A small person is described as 'not as big as big as sixpennorth of copper'.

A policeman dismissed from the Force is said 'to have lost his coat'.

Anything re[a]sonable in price is said 'to be not out of the way' [meaning not too expensive JW]

Fyace on: two men singing different songs in their faces as close to each other as possible, trying to prevent each other from singing his own song.

A man who has done heavy work will say, 'Aw varney pulled (or pushed) me pluck oot at that job.' Pluck is the heart, liver and lungs of an animal.

A man who has worked hard and is fatigued will say 'Aa's paid te the wide'

As this week answers – this week

You'll get wrong – be punished

Anything broken beyond repair is said to bel ike 'Barney's bull' beggered. A man who is very fatigued incapable of further effort will say, 'Aws like Barney's bull, beggered'.

Box – a beneficial society. A box was held in a public house to which the members paid a weekly contribution. The landlord acted as treasurer; it finished at the end of the year and what money was left in the fund after sickness, accedident and death benefits had been paid was divided among the members in equal shares. If during the year there had been many calls on the fund it was said to have been 'heavily laid on' and in consequence there was only a small sum left for disbursement. On the other hand if the funds had been lightly laid on, there was a decent amount for each member and in these consequences a jovial night was spent at the public house where the box was held. A new box was then started to run for the ensuing year. The benefits as far as I can remember were something like five shillings a week for a certain length of time for sickness or accidents, one pound on the death of a member's child, two pounds on the death of his wife and three pounds on the death of a member himself.
Sometimes the membership was confined to ladies only; this was known as a woman's box. The benefits were similiar with a special allowence [sic] for confinement cases. In some cases these boxes carried on after the introduction of National Health Insurance.

A threat: 'I'll knock him into the middle of next week.'

It was said of a pushfull inquisitive person: 'you cannot bray him back with a mell' (a large hammer).

A person when tired and fatigued will say 'Aa's about brokken off bi the pockets.'

A person early astir in the morning will be asked 'If he has getten up before his clothes were on.'

A miserable looking person is said have a face like a baff weekend (when fortnightly pays were the custom the baff weekend was the one when there was no pay).

A determined person not afraid of set-backs is said to be 'as game as a pebble'.

A sick person will say 'Aw feel arl out o' sorts', or 'I don't feel very cleaver'. [sic] A person spewing is said 'to be bowking his boiley'. Boiley is bread and milk mixed together to feed an infant.

Sair – sore. Also 'very' as 'Aas sair [tued]' (very fatigued), sair 'felled' (very old or feeble)

Hauled oer the coals. To be reprimanded severely. The possible origin is supposed to be, a sacrifice to or passage through the Bail-fire.

Any indefinite colour is referred to as sky blue pink.

Bump the set. Anyone taking unnecessary risks, is described as 'He'll be bumping the set some of these times.' Set is an expression for a number of trucks pulled by an engine by means of a rope and usually travel at a fast speed…

Ne halves – no sharing… For fairs – no trickery or un[der]handedness