Durham & Tyneside Dialect Group / Word Lists /

CLEVELAND DIALECT LIST 1868

The following is derived from A glossary of the Cleveland dialect by J.C.Atkinson (London: John Russell Smith, 1868), notably terms comparable to or contrastive with the usage of Durham/Tyneside. However, some rare words are just too good to omit...

aback - behind, in the rear: 'deean't t'e thrust sae mich aback there'
aback-o-beyont - at an indefinitely great distance
abide - to endure, to put up with
ABLE: yabble, yabbable, ablish
ablins - perhaps
aboon, abune - above
A! but... (interjection)
addle - to earn
addlings- earnings
agee, ajee - to one side, awry, askew
agin - as if
ahint - behind: 'he's close ahint'
aim - to intend or purpose: 'Ah aims t' gan'
airt, airth - quarter of the heavens, direction or poeint of the compass: 'the wind is in a cold airt'
ak (pronounced yak): the oak
al (pronounced yal): ale
amaist - almost
amang - among
amell - betwixt, between, in the midst: 'amell 7 and 8 o'clock'
ance (pronounced yance) - once
ane (pronounced yan) - one
anenst - against (near to, or opposite/over against): 'I sat close anenst him', [set your name...anenst his'
arf, arfish - afraid or fearful: 'ah felt arfish in the dark'
argufy - to argue
arles - earnest-money
arval - a funeral entertainment
ask, hask, esk - the newt
ass - ashes
assil-teeth - the grinders
ass-midden - the heap of ashes...of the household
at - that, which
atter-cop - a spider (also D'm, N'd, S.Scots)
aud, auld - old
aud-farrand - sagacious (of adults or children)
aud-like - having the appearance of age
awf - an elf or fairy; a fool, silly or half-witted person
ax, ex - to ask
aye, seear? - aye, sure (with a tinge of reserve)
ayont - see beyont

back-cast - a relapse of health etc.
back-end - end of a week, a month, a year
bad, badly - [poorly, indisposed, ill or sick
bain - near, direct, easy, as applied to a road or way
bairn - a child
bairnteam - a continuous succession of children, a family
bairnwort, banwort - the common daisy
balk (pronounced bawk) - a beam; a ridge of land left between two furrows or by the wall or hedge-side
ban - to curse; a curse
bank - hill-side... a road running up a hill-side
barfam, barfan - a horse-collar
barguest - an apparition in the form of some animal, most frequently a large shaggy dog, but always characterised by large saucer eyes and a terrible shriek or roar
barm - yeast
bat - a blow, a stroke
batterfanged - beaten and scratched
beal - to bellow, to low as a cow; to raise the voice
bear, bere - a variety of barley, otherwise called bigg
beastlings, beeslings (pronounced bizlins) - the first milk drawn from a cow after calving
beck - the general name for a stream of running water
beclamed - smeared over with mud or dirt
beclarted - bemired, smeared over with dirt
bed-happings - bed-clothes
bed-stocks - the bedstead proper
beeld - a shelter, anything that affords shelter from the wind or from inclement weather
bee-skep - a bee-hive
behint - behind
belk - a belch
belly-timber - food; a suply of material for the belly or stomach
belly-wark - stomach-ache
belong - to be the property of: 'a coat belonging Thomas'
ben't, baint (pronounced beeant) - be not
bent - a kind of short, wiry, dark-coloured grass...of the moors and moor-banks
be-out - without
berries - gooseberries, par excellence
besom - a broom
betottled, betwattled - bewildered, confused or confounded, stupefied
beyont - beyond
bid - to invite
bide - to wait; to dwell; to bear, endure
big - to build
bigg - a variety of barley, known as 'four-rowed'
biggin' - a building
bike, bee-bike - a wild bee's nest
billy - a comrade, a familiar acquaintance
bink - a bench [e.g.] near the house door
birk - the birch tree bisen - a spectacle, or sight, or show, in an invidious or offensive sense; a person or object held up to contempt or disgrace
blackberries - blackcurrants
black-clocks - black beetles
blae (pronounced bleea) - of a livid or pale bluish colour: 'he leuks bleea's a whetsone'
blaeberry - the common bilberry
blair, blare - to bellow as a cow; to cry loudly or noisily [like] a child; to protrude the tongue
blake - of a fair, soft, yellow colour or tone: 'as blake 's butter'
blash - to splash with water; to splash: 't' watter blashes oot i' t' can'
blashy - rainy; wet; weak, poor, watery
blate - shy, bashful
blather - to talk fast; to talk much nonsense
bleb - a drop of water or any other fluid; a blister: 'blebs iv his hands'
blob - a bubble: 'soap-blobs', 'nose-blobs'; verb, to bubble
bleck - grease...in machinery
blether - to cry loudly like a fractious child
blue-flint - local name for the whinstone or basalt
boggart - a hobgoblin, a sprite
boggle, bogle - a goblin or spirit
boggle - to start or shy or swerve [e.g.] of a horse
boily - properly, food prepared specially for an infant's use; milk with soft bread crumbled fine [and] boiled in it
bolk (pronounced boak or booak) - to retch, strain to vomit, with the usual sound implied
bolts - narrow passages...between houses
bonny - fair to look at, handsome, fine, beutiful; applied to either persons or things: 'a bonny bairn', 'what bonny claes!', 'a bonny mess'
bore-tree, bur-tree (pronounced bottry) - the common elder
bowdykite - a forward or impudent child
brade, braid - to publish abroad: 'he brades it out everywhere...'
brae (pronounced breea) - the overhanging edge or margin of a river-bank
brambles (pronounced bramm'ls, brumm'ls) - blackberries, the fruit of the bramble
brant, brent - steep: 'as brent 's a hoos'-sahd'
brash - refuse, rubbish
brass - money; copper money: 'Ah's sell'd thae kye and getten t' brass'
brassened, brazened - impudent, without modesty
brat - a child's apron; a rag [in medicating sheep]
brattice - a wooden partition, serving e.g. to divide a closet or store-room in two parts
brave - of good quality as well as appearance: 'brave-looking beef', 'a brave bit o' brass'
bravely - very well, famously
bray - beat or thrash with violence: 'Ah'll bray thee'
breckens, burk'ns - ferns
bree, brere - the brier or common dog-rose
bree, breese - the gadfly
breeks - breeches
brigg - a bridge; a quasi-natural pier projecting into the sea
brock - the badger; the frog-hopper or cuckoo-spit insect: 'Ah sweats like a brock'
brown-leemers or leamers - brown or ripe nuts that separate or slip easily from the husk or hull
brussen - [bust, burst]
buer, buver - a gnat
bull-spink - the chaffinch
bull-stang - the dragon-fly
bumble-kites, bummel-kites, etc. - common blackberries
bumbore - the gadfly
burn - a brook, a stream of water... a word very little used in this region
butt - the halibut
byre, cow-byre - building in which cows are tied up or kept

cadge - to pick up and convey something portable...
caingy - peevish, ill-conditioned, snappish: 'as caingy and cankery as an ill-clep'd cur'
caller - fresh, of fish; cool, fresh, refreshing, of the weather
cam - a ridge or long earthen mound; a hedge-bank
canker - rust [noun and verb]
canny - knowing, skilful, clever; prudent, cautious, handy; well-suited, possessing evident or admitted advantages, excellent: 'a canny chap wi' horses', 'a canny convenient house'
canty - lively, cheerful brisk: 'she's a canty au'd deeam for her years'
car, carr - a flat marshy piece of land under natural herbage; a small wood or grove of alders
carberries - gooseberries
carl - a country fellow, a clownish person: often with the idea of age associated
carlings - grey pease steeped all night in water and fried the next day in fat or butter
cassen, kessen - thrown down, as applied to an animal... that has fallen... and is unable to rise again
cast up - to mention a matter, in the way of reproach
cat-haws - the fruit of the hawthorn
cattijugs - hips, the fruit of the cat-whin or dog-rose
chaffs, chafts - the jaws
chap - any male person
chats, chatts - cones of the fir-tree
cheese-lop, cheslip, cheslop - see keslip
childer - children
to be chipped up - to be tripped up
chisel, chizzel - bran
chow - to chew
chucky - a chicken, a hen
churr - to emit a murmuring sound as partridges do...
clag - to stick to, or adhere to: 'lahtle un clags tiv its mammy'
claggy - sticky, glutinous, adhesive: 'desput claggy walking'
claggum - treacle lollipops, etc
clam - to pinch, compress, force together; to suffer from the pinching effects of hunger, to starve
clap - to apply a blow, gently, but also quickly or smartly
clart - to daub, smear, make dirty
clart - a spot, either of dirt or other substancs that adheres: 'a gret clart o' snaw o' tha neb'; 'it's all clart ' (not to be depended on)
clarty - unctuous, sticky; dirty: 't' rooad's getten very clarty'
clash - to clap or shut suddenly with a bang; to throw down... so as to make a noise
clash - a blow or bruise; the noise of such a blow; common talk or gossip: 'it was lang t' clash o' t' country side'
claut - to scratch with one's nails
clavver - to climb, as one does a hill; or as a child does on to its father's or mother's knees
cleeas - clothes cleg - the common horse-fly
clemmed - hungry; see clam
cleugh - a narrow rocky glen or ravine
click - to snatch, to seize quickly
cloam, clome - to clutch with both hands or with decided grasp
clock - a general name for a beetle
clock - to cluck as a hen does
clock-seves, clock-sives - the sharp-flowered rush
clog - a log, block of wood
clogs - ankle-shoes of thick leather with wooden soles
close-neived - niggardly, stingy, parsimonious
clour - a lump or bump
clout - a cloth of limited size; a patch; a rag
clow - to work laboriously
clubster - the stoat
clunter - to walk or tread heavily
coble - a kind of boat peculiar to the North-east, in use among fishermen and pilots, with sharp bows, flat sloping stern, and without a keel
cockly - unsteady on its basis; easily moved or overthrown; wavering
collier - the swift
come by - to move to one side
conny - neat in person and figure; petty, pleasing and plaesant-looking (compare Swedish/Danish kinn, koumlaut;nn, kynn, köaut'n... Old Danish köaut;n... see canny
coop, coup - a vessel of wood, possibly made with staves
corn - a single grain or particle of any substance
corve, curve - a small waggon, wheel-less but having iron runners, in use in the coal-pits
cotterils, cottereles - goods in general; money, cash
coul - to scrape or rake togther
coums - hollow-lying places among the hills
coup - to barter, to exchange; to overset or overturn e.g. a cart so as to empty it: 'will you coup seats with me?'
coup-cart - a cart with a pole, but only two wheels
coup over - to fall or tumble over: 'he couped ower heeads an' tails' (turned somersets)
cow-gate - pasturage for a single cow
cow-lady - the lady-bird
crack - to boast or talk of in self-congratulatory tone
crack, esp. plural - chat, talk, news
cranch - to crush any substance [noisily]; to break with a crackling sound
cranky - ill able to move from...injury...ailment...or age
creel - a basket or pannier, especially for...fish
cricket - a small, low stool (Norse krakk a little stool)
crous, crouse, crowse - brisk, lively, frolicsome, pert: 'as crowse as a lopp'
crowdy - oatmeal porridge, made thick enough to turn out of the basin, like a pudding, when cooled
crudge - to crush or jam
cuddy - the hedge-sparrow
cushat - the ring-dove

daffle - to confuse; to become stupid or confused; to grow forgetful and childish from old age
dagg, degg - to sprinkle with water; to drizzle: 'a fine daggling rain'
dainsh, densh - fastidious, dainty, nice: 'over densh by owght'
dale - the distinctive name of the valleys... of Cleveland
dall, daul, dawl, dowl - to tire or weary
dame (pronounced deeam) - one's wife, the mistress of his house; also applied to an aged woman
dark - to listen insidiously, to eavesdrop: 'what are you darking at?'
daum - to deal out or allot
daytal - by the day: [of] a labourer... or the work done by him: 'on'y a daytal-man'
deaf (pronounced deeaf) - barren, blasted, [unproductive]; tasteless, insipid
deave - to deafen, stupefy or stun with noise: 'a din fit to seave yan'
deed - doings: 'great deed at t' new hooss'
delve - to dig
dess - a layer or course in any pile...; the entire pile e.g. a haystack, or 'a dess of stones'
dike - a ditch or channel for carrying off water; a bank or long earthen mound; a pool; a rude stone wall on a dike-bank-top. The Old Norse word seems to be limited in signification to a ditch, a water-channel... A dike in the Scottish dialect...means a stone wall or fence
dill - to soothe
ding - to push or thrust violently. preterite dinged or dang
dinnot, dinna, deeant'ee - do not (thou)
docken, dock'ns - the common dock
dodded - without horns
dodder - to be tremulous
doff - to take or strip off clothes
dolly, dolly-tub - a washing-tub in the form of a barrel
don - to put on... clothing: 'don thy bonnet'
donnot, donnet - a thoroughly worthless person
door-ganhing - the doorway
doory (pronounced deeary) - diminutive, puny
dordum, durdum, dirdum - uproar and confusion: 'the street's iv a durdum'
douk - to bow down; to dive or plunge under water
doup - the buttocks or posteriors: 'loo thee! there'a a gret fat doup!'
doup, dowp - the carrion crow
dove - to dose, to be heavy and sleepy
dow - to thrive, prosper
dowly - of persons: heavy with sorrow or anxiety; of things: lonely, melancholy; of weather: dull, gloomy: 'he's as dowly as deeath'
down-gang - a measn of descent
dozzen'd, dozen'd, dozand - wrinkled or withered [of people, fruits, etc]
drate, drite - to talk slowly, to drawl
dream-holes - slits or loops in church-towers
dree - tedious, wearisome; sad, cheerless
dree - to endure, to last
drith (pronounced dreet) - endurance
droke - wild oats or darnel
drouck - to drench
drouth - thirst
drouthy- thirsty
drucken - drunk(en)
dwalm - a swoon
dwalmish - likely to swoon
dwine - to pine away
dwizzen'd - withered, chrunk

eam - an uncle; a familiar friend
earn (pronounced yearn) - to curdle milk or cause it to coagulate
Easter-shells - the pinpatch or periwinkle
een-holes - the sockets of the eyes
efter - after
eff - to incite
eldin' - fuel for a fire eller - eller-tree - the alder
elsin - a shoemaker's awl
endlang - along or forwards in the direction...of the length of an object or person; from head to tail
endways (pronounced endus) - ina state of progression... towards completion: 'they spent all they had even endways'
eneugh - enough
enow - for the present
ept, eptish - ready, handy
esh - the ash
esk, ex - forms of ask/ax
ettle (sometimes pronounced airtle) - to aim at, intend, attempt
eye (pronounced ee, plural een or eyen) - eye

fadge - a bundle; one that is short and thick in person
fain - very willing; glad
fair, fair-up - to become good weather again
fand, fund - preterite of find
fantickles, farentickles, farnticles, ec. - freckles on the skin
farantly - decent, respectable; neat, orderly
farlies - something strange, unusual or wonderful
fash - to occasion trouble or inconvenience, to worry or annoy; to take trouble, or put oneself ot inconvenience: 'deeant thee fash theesel' about it'
fash [noun] - trouble, bother, inconvenience, annoyance to be feared - to be afraid
feck - activity, ability, might; number, quantity, mass
feckless - feeble, weak, incapable...
feg - a dead grass-stem; anything without worth
fele (pronounced feeal) to hide or conceal
fell - a hill, bleak, barren and lengthened in outline; a long moorland summit
felter - to entangle
femmer - slender, slightly made, weak
fend - to be careful and industrious...; to manage or make shift
fettle - to adapt, arrange, fit up; to prepare, equip, get ready,supply; to put into a state of repair; to beat, overcome: 'ah'll fettle him', 'ah fun' him fettling 's au'd sled'
find (pronounced finnd) - to find; preterite fand, fund; p.p. fun
fire-cods - bellows
fire-eldin - fuel generally
fire-fanged: of food, burnt' of persons, fierce
fishing-taum - a fishing line
flacker - to flutter
flags - flakes e.g. flag stones, snow flakes
flaun - a custard baked in paste
flay, fley - to fright or terrify
flay-boggle -a hobgoblin, an apparition; also a scarecrow
fleeing-aither, fleeing-eather or ether - the dragon-fly
fleeing-ask, fleeing-esk - the dragon-fly
fligged - fledged, feathered, ready to fly
flipe - the brim of a hat
flit - to remove one's goods etc... in the process of removing from one tenement...to another
flit, flitting - a removal from one place of residence to another
flite, flyte - to scold or engage in a quarrel of words
flithers - the common limpets
flitter-mouse - the bat
floss-docken, flous-docken, fox-docken - the foxglove
flowter - excited, nervous
foal-foot - colt's-foot
fog - the aftergrowth in meadows when the hay has been cut and removed foist, foisty - musty, mouldy
folk - people, persons - a word in perpetual use: 'folk says'
fond - simple, foolish, weak, doting
fondy - a fool, a simpleton, an idiot
fore-anent, fore-anens - over against, opposite to, in front of
forby - besides, over-and-above, moreover: 'forbi a' that...'
fore-elders - ancestors
fore-end - the commencing part; that which comes near tje beginning of a season or epoch
forkin-robin - the common earwig
foss, force - a waterfall or cascade
foulmart (pronounced fou'mmart or fummart) - the pole-cat
fra, frav - from NB# : 'Ah thowght Ah suddn't ha getten 't frav 'im'
frack - forward, bold
fratch - to squabble angrily
frem. fremmed - strange, unknown, unfamiliar
fridge - to run up or chafe (note also frig = futuo, see fruggen)
a curved iron scraper or rake to stir ashes with
fullock - [?unfair, sudden or jerky action]
furr (pronounced furrh) - a furrow
fuzz-ball - the fungus of a round or nearly spherical form

Gabriel-ratchet (pronounced Gaabrl-ratchet) - a name for a yelping sound heard at night, more or less resembling the cry of hounds or yelping of dogs
gad - a tapering wand of some length; ...rod fitted with a leather thong to serve as a ship in driving a team, oxen especially
gae - to go... [see] also gan which is in much more continual use
gaed, geed - preterite of gae
gain - direct; near at hand: 'we'll gan the gainest way', 'it's gay and gain for t' market'
gait, gate (pronounced geeat) - a street in a town; a road, a way gone; manner
gait - right or privilege of stray and pasturage for cattle etc.; pasturage for a specified time
galloway - a stiff pony; any horse under the size of an ordinary draught horse
gallowses - men's braces
gam - sportiveness, playfulness; mockery, ridicule: 'they did nowght but mak' gam' o' me'
gan, gang - to go, the form gan being by far the most usual; to walk in contradistinction to to ride: 'gan tha' ain gate', 'gan tiv t' grund' (to relieve nature), 'gan awa' yamm', 'are you ganging or riding?'
gar - to cause or make; to lead to or induce any given action: 'it gars me great pain'
garsel - hedge-sticks
garth - sn enclosure generally
gauk, gawk, gauky - an oaf, a stupid, an awkward fool (?Fr gauche)
gauk or gawk-handed - left-handed, clumsy
gavelock (pronounced geeavlok) - a crow-bar
gay - fair, fine, considerable: 'a gay few'
gear - equipment in general
geen, gien gi'n - forms of the preterite of give
gen, girn, gern - to grin; to snarl
g'erse, g'ess - grass
able to get - able to reach a place: 'Ah know n't an Ah sal be yabble te get'
getten - p.p. of get
gill - a ravine (g hard)
gimmer - a female sheep ... to its first bearing young
gin - if, in case, even if, although (?p.p.of give)
glead, gled - the kite
gleg - to cast side-looks, to glance furtively
glent, glint - a glimpse
gliff, glift - a short or hasty glance; [something] startling or scary
glisk - to glisten ot glitter
gloore, glore - to stare with fixed look
gnarr - to growl, as a dog
gob - the mouth
goke - the central portion of anything, as the core of an apple, the yolk of an egg
goodies - sugar sweetmeats for children
gotherly - kind, of a kindly or warn-hearted disposition, affable
goupen, gowpen - the hollow or containing part of the hand; the quantity that can be contained in the hollow of the hands
goupen-full - the quantity which can be contained in the hollow of the two hands placed together
gowk - the cuckoo; a fool
grain - a seperate linear portion of a thing, as the branch of a tree
graith - to furnich, provide or equip: 'bonnily graithed', 'a well graithed table'
graith, graithing - equipment of any kind; belongings at large
graithly - decently, in order, mensefully
grave - to dig, using a spade. pret. grove, p.p. groven, grovven
gree - to agree
greet - to cry, to weep, silently rather than with any great outcry. pret. gret or grat, p.p. gretten
griff - a deep narrow glen or valley
gripe (pronounced grahp or graip) - a dung-fork
groser - a saving and thriving person
grue - grim or morose-looking
grund - to grind. pret. grund of grunded, p.p. grunded or grunden
GROUND - pronounced grund or groond: 'gan to grund' (to relieve nature)
guizard - a person strangely or grotesquely dressed, for the purposes of disguise or pastime

hack - a pickaxe with one arm
hackle, heckle - feathers, wool, hair
haffle - to stammer or hesitate in speech: 'to haffle and snaffle'
hag - a white fog or mist
hag - wood or coppice
hag-berry - the fruit of the bird cherry
haggle - to hail: it haggles sair'
hagworm - the common viper
hale - to pour or empty out
half-marrow - [two lads doing the same work as one man]
half-nought (pronounced haff-nowght) - half-nothing, price too small to be worth mentioning
handsel - to make of anything for the first time
hankle - to entangle or cause to twist up together
hantle or hankle - a considerable quantity
hap - to cover, by placing or heaping clothes etc upon: 'are you well happed?' 'all's white and happed up'
happen- to meet with, to incur: 'she's happ'n'd a misfot'n', 'happen Ah gans'
haps - overclothes, rugs, shawls, great coats, etc.
hardlings - hardly, scarcely
harled - mottled
harr - a strong fog or wet mist, almost verging on a drizzle
to be haunted - to grow used to, or become accustomed: 'he got haunted to it by degrees'
hause - the throat or neck
haver (pronounced havver) - oats
hazled (pronounced hazzeld) - speckled red and white
heared (pronounced heerd) - preterite of hear
heck - the upper part of a half-door or hatch-door
heezy - wheezing
heft - a handle; a pretext or excuse
heft - to put a handle on; in the passive, to become accustomed to
helm - a shed in the fields for the shelter of cattle; a hovel or hut
hemmel - a hand-rail [esp.] for a wooden bridge
hempy - mischievous: 'a hempy dog' (a youth disposed to practices which may end in the hangman's hemo)
heron-sew, hern-sew - the common heron
hesp - a clasp or fastening, especially to doors or windows
hind - an agricultural servant, hired by the year or term
hipe - to push or strike with the horns, as cattle do
hippings - napkins (for infants)
hirple - to shrug or stick up the back; to be dull [and slow], to creep
his-sel', his-sen - himself
hob - a spirit or being of elf-nature
ho'd - [hold]
hog - a male of the pig kind; a sheep of a year old
hoit - to play the fool; [noun] a simpleton, a fool
hollin - the holly
holm - low laying land by the side of a stream
holy-stone - a stone with a natural perforation in it, supposed to have peculiar vritues
honey - a term of endearment: 'honey-bairn'
horse-gogs - a fair-sized but highly astringent blue plum
hotter - to shake, or even jolt: 'we went hotterin' in the cart'
houe - a sepulchral tumulus or barrow; a natural hill
hout! - incredulity or dissent - not so!
howdy - a midwife
howk - to dig out, to scoop
hubble-shew, hubble-shoo - tumultuous...crowd; a state of commotion or disturbance
hug - to carry [esp. in the arms]
huke - the hip
to crook huke - to sit down

i - in: 'he's i t' hoos'
ice-shoggles, ice-shoglins - icicles
ickles - icicles
ika, ilka - each, every: 'I saw him ilk other day'
inear - the kidney
ing - pasture or meadow lands, low and moist
ingate - the means of entrance
ingle - fire, flame; fireside
inoo - present, just now. see enow
insense- to make to understand
intak' - a piece of land taken from the common
intive - into
iv - [i', in] : 'iv oor hoos'
ivin - the common ivy

jannock- even, level; fair, equitable: 't' cloth deean't lig jannock', 'that now is not jannock'
jaup - to agitate water or other fluid sharply in a vessel; to move as the shaken water in the vessel does
javver - idle talk
jealous - apprehensive
jenny-howlet (pronounced jinny-hullot) - the tawny owl
joggly - unsteady; rough, of a road
joul. jowl - to jolt or shake roughly; [to bang together]: 'he jaul'd their heeads yan agin tither'
jowl - the jaw

kale (pronounced keeal) - broth, gruel, porridge
kale-pot - a pottage-pot... a large semi-globular ot full-bottomed iron pot on three spiky legs
keck, kecken - to emit the sound consequent on choking; to decline with loathing
kedge - to fill, stuff full, esp. [re] eating
kedge-belly - a glutonous eater keek, keik - to raise up more or less erect; to tilt or prop up; to rear, as a horse; to be in great spirits: 'keeak oop yon cart'
keld - a spring or fountain
kelk - a blow, buffet or thump
kelter - condition, case, circumstances; money, property: 'that drill is out o; kelter', 'in good kelter' (all right, sound)
kelterments - odds and ends
kemp - to strive in order to outdo a competitor
ken - to know, be acquainted with
ken, kern - to churn
kenspack, kenspeck, kenspeckle - easily recognisable, conspicuous
kep - to catch, as a ball is caught
kern-baby - an image, or possibly only a small sheaf of the newly cut corn, gaily dressed up and decorated with clothes, ribbons, flowers, etc., and borne home rejoicingly [at the end of] the harvest
kern-supper - a supper given to the working people by the farmer on the completion of shearing or severing the corn
keslip, keslop - rennet
kessen - p.p. of to cast
Kess'mas, Kess'nmas - Christmas
kess'n - to christen
Kester, Kirsty - Christopher
ket - carrion; tainted meat
ketty - putrid
kevel - a large hammer used in quarry-work
kin'cough - the whooping cough
kirk - a church
kirk-garth - churchyard
kist - a chest, of whatsoever kind
kit - a small tub
kite - the belly or stomach
kittle - ticklish, excitable; requiring delicate or judicious handling or management; uncertain, difficult
kittle - to tickle
kizen, kizzen - to dry the moisture out of anything, to parch. used most frequently in p.p.
knack - to talk in a refined way
knap - to knock or strike; to break a stone
kye - cows

labber - to dabble about or welter in water lad-louper - a forward girl
lady-clock - the ladybird
lait, late - to seek, search for a thing: 'lait it while you finnd it'
lake, laik - to play, to sport
laker - a player
lakin's, laikin's - toys
lap up - to wrap uplead - to cart e.g. hay
leam, leme - to slip or slip out, as ripe nuts do from their husks
leamers, lemers - nuts which, being quite ripe, slip freely from the husk
learn - to teach
leathe - to render soft and pliant
leck - to sprinkle water
lee - a lie, a falsehood
leister (pronounced loister) - a kind of barbed trident used for striking salmon with
letten - p.p. of to let, or to light
lib - to castrate
licks - a thrashing or beating
lig - to lie down or along, to be situate: 'it ligs very fair for t' sun'
lig - to lay down: 'he ligg'd it doon'
light (pronounced leeght) - to alight or settle
lile (pronounced leel or sometimes lahl) - little
lillilow - a bright flame, a blaze
limmers - the shafts or thills of a waggon
ling - the heather of the moors
lipper - a kind of dancing motion of the sea - distinct from the regular flow and roll of the waves
lisk - the flank, the groin
lite - to depend, to trust to: 'I suppose I may lite 'o you'
lone, loan - a lane, a narrow passage
loning, loaning - a lane, a narrow roadway
loof, lufe - the open hand or palm
look - to pick out weeds froma mong the growing corn
looks-t'ee - look you!
lopp - a flea
loppered - coagulated or curdled, of milk
loss - [to lose] : 'tak' heed, man, thee'll loss tha' muckinger'
lound - still, calm, quiet, of a day or season; sheltered
loup - to leap, bound, jump
low - flameor blaze
lowse - to make loose, untie
lug - the ear, of man or animal, or a pitcher...

mabble - to dress [stone] roughly with the hammer or stone-axe
maddle - to confuse or bewilder; to grow confused or become bewildered; to be 'mad in love': 'Ah was fairly maddled wi' t', 'he runs maddling efter her'
mafted - stifled, overdone with heat and closeness
mair - more
maist- most
mak' - make, fashion, design
make - an equal or fellow, hence a companion
mak' sharp! - make haste!
manders - varieties, different sorts: 'a' mak's an' manders'
mang - a mash of bran, malt, etc.
mang - to mix up, to intermingle {esp. food stuffs]: 'nobbut a manged oop mess'
marrow - a fellow, one that is a pair or match to another, of both persons and things: 'T' ane's t' very marrow o' t'ither'
mask - to infuse, esp. tea
maugh (pronounced mauf) - a brother-in-law; a partner or colleague
maum - mellow, possessing the softness of maturity or ripeness
maunder - to murmur, to talk idly
mawk - a maggot, the lava of a flesh-fly
mell - to meddle
Mell-supper - the harvest-supper
mell - the wooden mallet used by masons; also, any wooden mallet or beetle
mense - decency, civility, propriety of conduct: 'he has nowther mence nor sense'
menseful - of good and becoming conduct; decent appropriate, neat...of things: 'a menseful chap, enow'
mere-stone - a boundary-mark or stone
mickle - much, large; a large quantity: 'it cost a mickle o' money', 'mickle wad ha' mair'
midden - a manure or muck-heap, a dunghill; any place or receptable for rubbish and dirt
midge - a minute insect of the sand-fly description; any small gnat
mig - liquid manure
mint - to intend, to feign to do
mirk, murk - very dark
mistetched - ill-trained or mistrained
moider - to bewilder, to perplex
mole-rat - the common mole
moud - might [auxiliary verb]: 'mebbe Ah moud'
mou'die-rat - the common mole
mouldiewarp, mouldiwarp (pronounced moddiwarp) - the common mole
muck - dirt, filth, especially excrement; foul weather
mugger - a travelling daler in earthenware
mun - must [auxiliary verb]: 'Ah mun gan', 'gan thou mun'

nab -a rocky headland
naff-head - a blockhead, or stupid person
naffle - to idle about
naakt [aa = a with overline] - naked: 'they seen he wur nakt'
nanpie - the magpie
nattle - to give a light rattling sound, as a mouse bhind the wainscot
naup - to strike, inflict a blow (on the head): 'naup him'
nazzy - drunk, intoxicated
neaf, neif - the fist
near - a kidney
neat pl. nowt - an animal of the ox kind
neavil, nevel - to pummel, or beat with the fist
neb - the beak of a bird; the human nose
nay (pronounced neea) - [no]: 'Ah's a bad sayer o' neea'
neest - next
neeze - to sneeze
nesh - tender, soft
ness - a cape or projecting headland
neuk - a corner, nook... of field, room, box etc.: 't' neuk shop'
nivver - never: 'nivver heed!'
nobbut - nothing but, only, simply: 'nobbut me'
nodder - to tremble or shake
no-nation - strange, remote: 'a no-nation spot'
noos-and-thans - nows and thens, chance times: 'at noos and thans' (occasionally)
nor - than: 'better nor him'
notomize - a skeleton
nought (pronounced nowght) - nothing; a worthless person: 'nowght o' t' soort', 'nowght sae sure', 'he's a nowght', 'nowght nae less'
nowther - neither
nuddle - to huddle up

oaf-rocked - weak of intellect from infancy
ob-ee ob-ee - call or summons for the geese
oftens (pronounced offens, off'ns) -often
othergates - othewise
ought (pronounced owght) - anything: 'ouwght or mowght'
out o' fettle - out of repair; out of health
ouzel - the blackbird
ower (ow pronounced as in hour) - over
ower-nice - fastidious
owerset, owersetten - overturned
owse- ox - plural owsen
owther - either
oxter - the arm-pit

Pace-eggs - eggs boiled hard and stained of divers colours [used] on Easter Monday and Tuesday as playthings for children, and secondly as a viand
packman - a pedlar
paddy-noddy - a long or involved history about nothing
parlatic - paralytic
pase, paze - to force, as a lock or door, by the application of leverage
pash - to crack, smash or shatter: 'they pashed the door down
paut, poat - to kick gently or move with the feet
pawky - impudent, semi-insolent: 'as pawky as a pyet'
pick - pitch: 'as black as pick'
piet, pyet - the magpie
perishment - a severe cold: 'a perishment o' cou'd'
piggin - a small tub
pit-mirk, pit-murk - intensely dark
plash - to splash
ploat - to strip off or pluck e.g. feathers from a fowl; to plunder or rifle: 'they'll ploat him'
plodge - to wade or walk through water
plook - a pimple, scab
ploshy - mury, muddy
Plough-stots - On Plough Monday, or the first Monday after Twelfth Day, there used to be a procession of young men trailing a plough...
pluf, plufe - a plough
poke - a narrow bag of the sack description
popple - the common corn cockle
porriwiggle - the tadpole
poss - to dash or agitate anything vigorously in water
possing-stick, poss-stick - the staff [used to poss]
pot-lug - the handle of a jog
potsker - a potsherd
pow - the poll or head (human)
princod - a pincushion
proddle - to prick gently but frequently
pubble - plump, stout and fat: 'as pubble as a partridge'
pule - to sleet, or to fall as a mixture of snow and sleet: ' 't pules an' snaws sae'

raffle - to become confused in one's intellect: 'he is beginnign to raffle'
rag-well - a spring of supposed [healing powers]
ram - fetid
ranty - excited; wild with passion, drink or excitement
rap - to snatch, seize, take by force
rasp - a raspberry
ratten - the common rat
raum, roam (pronounced reeam) - to shout
rax - to stretch or strain: riving and raxing', 'raxed hissel tiv 'is full height'
red - to put in order, to set right
reek - to smoke. to emit [smoke]; [noun] smoke
reeky - smoky reesty - rancid, discoloured and having a bad taste
renky - tall and well-made, athletic
rezzel - the common weasel
rigg - the ridge of any object: 'Ah'll lig thee on tha' rigg' (back)
rive - to rend or tear asunder, to split: 'he was fit to rive swarth' (to tear up the ground with vexation)
roke - a thick fog
roky - foggy
roupy - hoarse
rout - to bellow or low loudly as cattle do...
rovven - p.p. of rive: 'rovven fra tegither' (torn asunder)
rowan-tree - the mountain ash
runch - the wild mustard plant

sae - so
said - directed, persuaded by words: 'he wean't be said, he mun gan 's ain gate'
sair - sore: 'a sair loss', 'a sair ho't' (hurt); sorely, exceedingly: 'ah's been sair favoured wi' my health'
sark - a shirt; also a shift or chemise: 'stripped tiv his sark-sleeves'
scallibrat - a passionate, screaming chld
scar (sometimes pronounced scaur) - the face of a precipitous rock, or stony bank; a rocky surface, at the foot of the sea-cliffs, or below the barrow beach, nearly awash
scomfish, scumfish (chiefly used in the passive) - to put to sore inconvenience or to oppress with heat or smoke; to half suffocate or choke
sconce - a screen
sconce - to bear tale which are untrue or magnified
scraffle - to struggle or strive: 'I came scraffling my way through the market'
scran - food, victuals: 'scran-time' (meal-time)
Scrat, Aud Scrat - the Devil, the Evil One
scrat - to scratch
scrike - to scream, shriek
scrogs - stunted bushes, low-growing brushwood
scruffle - to strive, wrestle or content
scud - to remove a superficial covering, [to skim with a spade]
scug - to hide: 'scug yourselves away'
sea-tang - sea-wrack (seaweed)
seen - preterite of see: 'It 's mebbe tweea months sen Ah seen him'
segs - sedges
semmant, semmit - slender, yielding
sen-sine, sin-sine - since such and such a time
set - to accompany anyone over the whole or a portion of his journey: 'I will set you home', 'I was setten part of the way'
set agate - to set in motion
seve-light - a rush light
shackle - the wrist
shandy - wild, unsteady; half-crazy; lean, poor-looking
sheean - shoes
shibb'n [shoe band] - shoe lace
shill - to separate, to shell
shim - to cut with a glancing storke or slip of the tool, so as to disfigure the article
shine - the iris or pupil of the eye: 'reeght i' t' shine on 't '
shive - a slice, as [of] a loaf, an apple, a turnip (ON skífa)
shog, shoggle - to shake
shool - a shovel
sik (with long 'i'), sike - such; sikan before vowels
sik-like - similar
sile -a strainer
sind - to wash out, to rinse
sine - since
sipe - to ooze out, drain away slowly
skeel - a kind of pail
skelp - to smack or strike with the open palm skep - a basket of willow or flag-fabric
skrudge - to crowd or squeeze close (Fr. escrager, escracer)
slaister - to do a thing idly or in a slovenly manner
slake - a lick: 'a lick and a slake' (a mere wipe)
slape - slippery: 'as slape as glass'
slaver - to eject saliva from the mouth
sleck - to quench
sled - a sledge
slem - bad, ill-done (of work); untrustworthy (of a worker)
slip - a pinafore for a child
slocken - to quench
smally - little, puny, undergrown
smatch - a savour, flavour or taste: 'a smatch o' London'
smit - infection
smittle - to infect; [noun] infection
smittle, smittlish - infectious
smoor, smorr, smurr - to smother
snake-stone - an ammonite
sneck - the latch (small bar of metal) of a door or wicket; [verb] to fasten
snickle, sniggle - a snare or wire for the captureof hares or rabbits
snirls, snirrels (pronounced snolls) - the nostrils
snite - to wipe the nose [by hand]
snod - smooth, even, trim
snoke, snook - to smell at; also pronounced snoork
snork - [a sniff]: "tak' a lang snoork"
snow-flag - a snow-flake
soss - to fall with force; to cause anything to fall so into water; to lap water etc., as a dog does
sowl - to move about in water; to wash by immersion: 'gi'e theesen a good sowling'
spane- to wean
spang - to fling
spanghew - to cause to move with force or velocity
spate (pronounced speeat): a heavy shower
speir - to make enquiry
spelk - a long splinter, a long thin slip of wood; a splint in the surgical sense
spell - a splinter of wood
spice-cakes - teacakes enriched with currants
spinner-mesh - a spider's web
spittle - a small spade
staith - a quay, a permanent stage or platform by the water-side to facilitate shipping or landing goods; an enbankment or sea-wall
stang - a pole
starve[d] - to suffer from extreme cold
steck - to shut, close or fasten, often pronounced steek: 'steck t' heck', 'steck thy een'
stee, stegh - a ladder
steg - a gander
stife - close, oppressive, occasioning difficulty of breathing: 'as stife as a dungeon'
stifey - close, suffocating
stirk - a heifer between the ages of one year and two
stob - the stump of a tree; a short post
stot - an ox
stour - dust in quantity and in motion; commotion, stir, disturbance
stramash - to dash or smash in pieces
streek - to stretch, to extend
strike - to kick, as a horse does
strunt - the tail
stunge - a the heavy pain from a blow
sturken, starken - to stiffen
sup - a small quantity of any liquid
swaimish, swaimous -hesitating, diffident, bashful or shy: 'I felt swaimish at asking'
swart - dusky-looking, black
syke - a streamlet, a rill of water; a small run draining out of a bog

ta'en, takken - forms of p.p. of to take
tak' ho'd - to undertake, anoffice or special performance or duty
takken by t' heead - uner the exciting influences of drink, passion, fancies, etc.
tang - the tongue of a buckle; the prong of a knife or other article which runs into and is fixed in the handle
tantle - to dawdle or loiter
tave (pronounced teeav) - to sprawl or fidget about
tawm - a ine, especially a fishing line
team, teem - to empty out, to pour off or away; to pour or rain heavily
telly - a straw
temse - a sieve made of hair, used in the dressing of flour
teng - to sting; p.p. tenged
teufit, tufit - the lapwing or pewit [sic]
tew - to toil, to take trouble, to fidget or move uneasily: 'a tweing bairn' (a restless child), 'a tewing hay-time' (a wet and unafavourable season)
thack, theak, theaking - thatch [noun]
thach, theak - to thatch
tharfish - somewhat reluctant or backward; shy, timorous: 'a tharfish kind of a bairn'
thof - though - (of perpetual occurrence)
thor - those
thrang, throng - a confused crowd; a state of bustle, confusion: 'i' t' varry thrang on 't '; the condition of being veru busy: 'T' missis 's in a vast o' thrang wiv her cheeses'
thrang, throng - closesly packed or crowded; busy, closely occupied: 'we 's desper't thrang'
threap - to maintain or insist pertinaceously
thropple - the wind-pipe
throstle - the thrush
throw - to vomit: 'he's thrawn a vast o' times sen moorn'
thumb-sneck - a sneck or latch which is raised by the action of a small lever passed underneath it
thunner - thunder
tie - to constrain, oblige, compel: 'Ah 's tied t' gan'
tike tyke - a dog, a cur; a churlish or mean and low person; (playfully) a hungry child: ' a nest of hungry tykes' (a family)
til - to: 'gan thy ways til her'
timmer - timber
tite - soon, readily, willingly: 'Ah wad as tite gan as stay'
titter - sooner, rather: 'I wad titter gan than stay', 'I was there titter than you'
tiv - to (a form used exclusively before word beginning with a vowel or silhent 'h')
t' moorn - tomorrow
toffer, tofferments - odds and ends, 'rubbish'
toit - to lark [about]
toom - empty
topping - a crest, on a person or on animals
towp, towple - to totter or fall over
trig - to supply, fill, stuff: 'trigg'd with a good dinner'
trod - a foot-path
troll - to roll or be rolled
Troll-egg Days - Monday and Tuesday in Easter-week
trollibobs, trollibogs - entrails: 'tripes and trollibobs'
tunty - twenty
tup - a ram
turnpool - a whirlpool
twadgers - small round gingerbread cakes, slightly flavoured with lemon
twangy - with odd or affected intonation
twattle - to treat caressingly, to fondle, to coax
twilt - a quilt or bed-cover
twiny - peevish, fretful
twisty - cross, out of humour
twitch-bell - the common earwig

uke - to itch
uking - itching umbethink, unbethink - to recollect
undergang - to undergo
undergang - an [underpass]
unmenseful - unbecoming, ill-mannered
upgang - a track up an asecnt
urling, orling - a dwarfish child or person

varra - very: ' a varra deeal' (a rage quantity)
vast - a great quantity or number: 'a vast o' folk'
vend - to discharge or throw clear, as of material in an excavation

waft - a slight puff of air or wind
waft - a wraith; an apparition assuming the form of a person whose death is approaching
wain - a waggon
wake - a [commemorative] feast
walsh - insipid, watery
wame (pronounced wheeam) - the belly, stomach
wang-tooth - a molar tooth or grinder wankle - unstable, tottering; unsettled or changeable: "a wankle prospect", "wankle weather"
wark - pronunciation of 'work'
wark - to ache; an ache, sharp pain: "teeath-wark", "heead-wark"
warse - worse
warsen - to become worse: "he warsens on 't" (declines in health)
warzle - to wheedle, to obtain by flattery or cajolery: "they wizzled it out of him", "a warzling sort of a body"
watter - pronunciation of water
weaky, weeky - moist, watery, juicy, full of sap
weasand - the gullet, the windpipe
weean - a female, a woman, a wife [=quean]
wer - our; wern - our own
whang - a thong or strap
whemmel - to upset or turn over
while - until, before: "wait while I come", "not while night"
whilk - which
whins - furze or gorse bushes
whisht - be still, be silent
wicken-grass, wickens - twitch, couch or couch-grass
wicks - plants [for a hedge]
wike - a small inlet or tiny bay on the coast
win - to reach, attain to: "wan yamm"
wite - to reproach, to blame
wiv - with, esp. before vowel: "wiv 'imself"
wivoot - without
to get wrong with - to be at variance or have a misunderstanding with someone.
wrought - pret. and p.p. of to work
wye-calf - a heifer

yabble - see able
yan - one
yal - ale
yare - ready: "Ah's yare fur ma dinner"
yark - to strike, to flog
yat - a gate
yaud, yode - a nag, a mare
yed - to burrow
yetling - a small cast-iron pot on three small legs or feet
yon - [that over there]: "What's yon?"
yowl - to howl
yown, yune - an oven
yowp - to yelp
Yule-clog - the large log specially provided for burning, and burnt, on Christmas Eve

Note lack of some standard North-East terms like 'dunch', 'divvent', 'stot'! [BG]